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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 5.4 327/350] libbpf: Fix call relocation offset calculation bug
Date
From: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>

[ Upstream commit a0d7da26ce86a25e97ae191cb90574ada6daea98 ]

When relocating subprogram call, libbpf doesn't take into account
relo->text_off, which comes from symbol's value. This generally works fine for
subprograms implemented as static functions, but breaks for global functions.

Taking a simplified test_pkt_access.c as an example:

__attribute__ ((noinline))
static int test_pkt_access_subprog1(volatile struct __sk_buff *skb)
{
return skb->len * 2;
}

__attribute__ ((noinline))
static int test_pkt_access_subprog2(int val, volatile struct __sk_buff *skb)
{
return skb->len + val;
}

SEC("classifier/test_pkt_access")
int test_pkt_access(struct __sk_buff *skb)
{
if (test_pkt_access_subprog1(skb) != skb->len * 2)
return TC_ACT_SHOT;
if (test_pkt_access_subprog2(2, skb) != skb->len + 2)
return TC_ACT_SHOT;
return TC_ACT_UNSPEC;
}

When compiled, we get two relocations, pointing to '.text' symbol. .text has
st_value set to 0 (it points to the beginning of .text section):

0000000000000008 000000050000000a R_BPF_64_32 0000000000000000 .text
0000000000000040 000000050000000a R_BPF_64_32 0000000000000000 .text

test_pkt_access_subprog1 and test_pkt_access_subprog2 offsets (targets of two
calls) are encoded within call instruction's imm32 part as -1 and 2,
respectively:

0000000000000000 test_pkt_access_subprog1:
0: 61 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 r0 = *(u32 *)(r1 + 0)
1: 64 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 w0 <<= 1
2: 95 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 exit

0000000000000018 test_pkt_access_subprog2:
3: 61 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 r0 = *(u32 *)(r1 + 0)
4: 04 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 w0 += 2
5: 95 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 exit

0000000000000000 test_pkt_access:
0: bf 16 00 00 00 00 00 00 r6 = r1
===> 1: 85 10 00 00 ff ff ff ff call -1
2: bc 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 w1 = w0
3: b4 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 w0 = 2
4: 61 62 00 00 00 00 00 00 r2 = *(u32 *)(r6 + 0)
5: 64 02 00 00 01 00 00 00 w2 <<= 1
6: 5e 21 08 00 00 00 00 00 if w1 != w2 goto +8 <LBB0_3>
7: bf 61 00 00 00 00 00 00 r1 = r6
===> 8: 85 10 00 00 02 00 00 00 call 2
9: bc 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 w1 = w0
10: 61 62 00 00 00 00 00 00 r2 = *(u32 *)(r6 + 0)
11: 04 02 00 00 02 00 00 00 w2 += 2
12: b4 00 00 00 ff ff ff ff w0 = -1
13: 1e 21 01 00 00 00 00 00 if w1 == w2 goto +1 <LBB0_3>
14: b4 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 w0 = 2
0000000000000078 LBB0_3:
15: 95 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 exit

Now, if we compile example with global functions, the setup changes.
Relocations are now against specifically test_pkt_access_subprog1 and
test_pkt_access_subprog2 symbols, with test_pkt_access_subprog2 pointing 24
bytes into its respective section (.text), i.e., 3 instructions in:

0000000000000008 000000070000000a R_BPF_64_32 0000000000000000 test_pkt_access_subprog1
0000000000000048 000000080000000a R_BPF_64_32 0000000000000018 test_pkt_access_subprog2

Calls instructions now encode offsets relative to function symbols and are both
set ot -1:

0000000000000000 test_pkt_access_subprog1:
0: 61 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 r0 = *(u32 *)(r1 + 0)
1: 64 00 00 00 01 00 00 00 w0 <<= 1
2: 95 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 exit

0000000000000018 test_pkt_access_subprog2:
3: 61 20 00 00 00 00 00 00 r0 = *(u32 *)(r2 + 0)
4: 0c 10 00 00 00 00 00 00 w0 += w1
5: 95 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 exit

0000000000000000 test_pkt_access:
0: bf 16 00 00 00 00 00 00 r6 = r1
===> 1: 85 10 00 00 ff ff ff ff call -1
2: bc 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 w1 = w0
3: b4 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 w0 = 2
4: 61 62 00 00 00 00 00 00 r2 = *(u32 *)(r6 + 0)
5: 64 02 00 00 01 00 00 00 w2 <<= 1
6: 5e 21 09 00 00 00 00 00 if w1 != w2 goto +9 <LBB2_3>
7: b4 01 00 00 02 00 00 00 w1 = 2
8: bf 62 00 00 00 00 00 00 r2 = r6
===> 9: 85 10 00 00 ff ff ff ff call -1
10: bc 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 w1 = w0
11: 61 62 00 00 00 00 00 00 r2 = *(u32 *)(r6 + 0)
12: 04 02 00 00 02 00 00 00 w2 += 2
13: b4 00 00 00 ff ff ff ff w0 = -1
14: 1e 21 01 00 00 00 00 00 if w1 == w2 goto +1 <LBB2_3>
15: b4 00 00 00 02 00 00 00 w0 = 2
0000000000000080 LBB2_3:
16: 95 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 exit

Thus the right formula to calculate target call offset after relocation should
take into account relocation's target symbol value (offset within section),
call instruction's imm32 offset, and (subtracting, to get relative instruction
offset) instruction index of call instruction itself. All that is shifted by
number of instructions in main program, given all sub-programs are copied over
after main program.

Convert few selftests relying on bpf-to-bpf calls to use global functions
instead of static ones.

Fixes: 48cca7e44f9f ("libbpf: add support for bpf_call")
Reported-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrii Nakryiko <andriin@fb.com>
Acked-by: Yonghong Song <yhs@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191119224447.3781271-1-andriin@fb.com
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c | 8 ++++++--
tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_haskv.c | 4 ++--
tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_newkv.c | 4 ++--
tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_nokv.c | 4 ++--
4 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
index a267cd0c0ce28..6a87ff9936d7b 100644
--- a/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
+++ b/tools/lib/bpf/libbpf.c
@@ -1791,9 +1791,13 @@ bpf_program__collect_reloc(struct bpf_program *prog, GElf_Shdr *shdr,
pr_warning("incorrect bpf_call opcode\n");
return -LIBBPF_ERRNO__RELOC;
}
+ if (sym.st_value % 8) {
+ pr_warn("bad call relo offset: %lu\n", sym.st_value);
+ return -LIBBPF_ERRNO__RELOC;
+ }
prog->reloc_desc[i].type = RELO_CALL;
prog->reloc_desc[i].insn_idx = insn_idx;
- prog->reloc_desc[i].text_off = sym.st_value;
+ prog->reloc_desc[i].text_off = sym.st_value / 8;
obj->has_pseudo_calls = true;
continue;
}
@@ -3239,7 +3243,7 @@ bpf_program__reloc_text(struct bpf_program *prog, struct bpf_object *obj,
prog->section_name);
}
insn = &prog->insns[relo->insn_idx];
- insn->imm += prog->main_prog_cnt - relo->insn_idx;
+ insn->imm += relo->text_off + prog->main_prog_cnt - relo->insn_idx;
return 0;
}

diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_haskv.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_haskv.c
index e5c79fe0ffdb2..d65c61e64df2f 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_haskv.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_haskv.c
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@ struct dummy_tracepoint_args {
};

__attribute__((noinline))
-static int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
+int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
{
struct ipv_counts *counts;
int key = 0;
@@ -43,7 +43,7 @@ static int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
}

__attribute__((noinline))
-static int test_long_fname_1(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
+int test_long_fname_1(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
{
return test_long_fname_2(arg);
}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_newkv.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_newkv.c
index 5ee3622ddebb6..8e83317db841f 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_newkv.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_newkv.c
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ struct dummy_tracepoint_args {
};

__attribute__((noinline))
-static int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
+int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
{
struct ipv_counts *counts;
int key = 0;
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@ static int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
}

__attribute__((noinline))
-static int test_long_fname_1(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
+int test_long_fname_1(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
{
return test_long_fname_2(arg);
}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_nokv.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_nokv.c
index 434188c377743..3f44220447594 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_nokv.c
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/progs/test_btf_nokv.c
@@ -23,7 +23,7 @@ struct dummy_tracepoint_args {
};

__attribute__((noinline))
-static int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
+int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
{
struct ipv_counts *counts;
int key = 0;
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@ static int test_long_fname_2(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
}

__attribute__((noinline))
-static int test_long_fname_1(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
+int test_long_fname_1(struct dummy_tracepoint_args *arg)
{
return test_long_fname_2(arg);
}
--
2.20.1
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