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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 5.4 123/350] bpf/stackmap: Fix deadlock with rq_lock in bpf_get_stack()
Date
From: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>

[ Upstream commit eac9153f2b584c702cea02c1f1a57d85aa9aea42 ]

bpf stackmap with build-id lookup (BPF_F_STACK_BUILD_ID) can trigger A-A
deadlock on rq_lock():

rcu: INFO: rcu_sched detected stalls on CPUs/tasks:
[...]
Call Trace:
try_to_wake_up+0x1ad/0x590
wake_up_q+0x54/0x80
rwsem_wake+0x8a/0xb0
bpf_get_stack+0x13c/0x150
bpf_prog_fbdaf42eded9fe46_on_event+0x5e3/0x1000
bpf_overflow_handler+0x60/0x100
__perf_event_overflow+0x4f/0xf0
perf_swevent_overflow+0x99/0xc0
___perf_sw_event+0xe7/0x120
__schedule+0x47d/0x620
schedule+0x29/0x90
futex_wait_queue_me+0xb9/0x110
futex_wait+0x139/0x230
do_futex+0x2ac/0xa50
__x64_sys_futex+0x13c/0x180
do_syscall_64+0x42/0x100
entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x44/0xa9

This can be reproduced by:
1. Start a multi-thread program that does parallel mmap() and malloc();
2. taskset the program to 2 CPUs;
3. Attach bpf program to trace_sched_switch and gather stackmap with
build-id, e.g. with trace.py from bcc tools:
trace.py -U -p <pid> -s <some-bin,some-lib> t:sched:sched_switch

A sample reproducer is attached at the end.

This could also trigger deadlock with other locks that are nested with
rq_lock.

Fix this by checking whether irqs are disabled. Since rq_lock and all
other nested locks are irq safe, it is safe to do up_read() when irqs are
not disable. If the irqs are disabled, postpone up_read() in irq_work.

Fixes: 615755a77b24 ("bpf: extend stackmap to save binary_build_id+offset instead of address")
Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/bpf/20191014171223.357174-1-songliubraving@fb.com

Reproducer:
============================ 8< ============================

char *filename;

void *worker(void *p)
{
void *ptr;
int fd;
char *pptr;

fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY);
if (fd < 0)
return NULL;
while (1) {
struct timespec ts = {0, 1000 + rand() % 2000};

ptr = mmap(NULL, 4096 * 64, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);
usleep(1);
if (ptr == MAP_FAILED) {
printf("failed to mmap\n");
break;
}
munmap(ptr, 4096 * 64);
usleep(1);
pptr = malloc(1);
usleep(1);
pptr[0] = 1;
usleep(1);
free(pptr);
usleep(1);
nanosleep(&ts, NULL);
}
close(fd);
return NULL;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
void *ptr;
int i;
pthread_t threads[THREAD_COUNT];

if (argc < 2)
return 0;

filename = argv[1];

for (i = 0; i < THREAD_COUNT; i++) {
if (pthread_create(threads + i, NULL, worker, NULL)) {
fprintf(stderr, "Error creating thread\n");
return 0;
}
}

for (i = 0; i < THREAD_COUNT; i++)
pthread_join(threads[i], NULL);
return 0;
}
============================ 8< ============================

Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
kernel/bpf/stackmap.c | 7 ++++---
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/stackmap.c b/kernel/bpf/stackmap.c
index 052580c33d268..173e983619d77 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/stackmap.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/stackmap.c
@@ -287,7 +287,7 @@ static void stack_map_get_build_id_offset(struct bpf_stack_build_id *id_offs,
bool irq_work_busy = false;
struct stack_map_irq_work *work = NULL;

- if (in_nmi()) {
+ if (irqs_disabled()) {
work = this_cpu_ptr(&up_read_work);
if (work->irq_work.flags & IRQ_WORK_BUSY)
/* cannot queue more up_read, fallback */
@@ -295,8 +295,9 @@ static void stack_map_get_build_id_offset(struct bpf_stack_build_id *id_offs,
}

/*
- * We cannot do up_read() in nmi context. To do build_id lookup
- * in nmi context, we need to run up_read() in irq_work. We use
+ * We cannot do up_read() when the irq is disabled, because of
+ * risk to deadlock with rq_lock. To do build_id lookup when the
+ * irqs are disabled, we need to run up_read() in irq_work. We use
* a percpu variable to do the irq_work. If the irq_work is
* already used by another lookup, we fall back to report ips.
*
--
2.20.1
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