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Subject[PATCH AUTOSEL 5.4 154/350] md: no longer compare spare disk superblock events in super_load
Date
From: Yufen Yu <yuyufen@huawei.com>

[ Upstream commit 6a5cb53aaa4ef515ddeffa04ce18b771121127b4 ]

We have a test case as follow:

mdadm -CR /dev/md1 -l 1 -n 4 /dev/sd[a-d] \
--assume-clean --bitmap=internal
mdadm -S /dev/md1
mdadm -A /dev/md1 /dev/sd[b-c] --run --force

mdadm --zero /dev/sda
mdadm /dev/md1 -a /dev/sda

echo offline > /sys/block/sdc/device/state
echo offline > /sys/block/sdb/device/state
sleep 5
mdadm -S /dev/md1

echo running > /sys/block/sdb/device/state
echo running > /sys/block/sdc/device/state
mdadm -A /dev/md1 /dev/sd[a-c] --run --force

When we readd /dev/sda to the array, it started to do recovery.
After offline the other two disks in md1, the recovery have
been interrupted and superblock update info cannot be written
to the offline disks. While the spare disk (/dev/sda) can continue
to update superblock info.

After stopping the array and assemble it, we found the array
run fail, with the follow kernel message:

[ 172.986064] md: kicking non-fresh sdb from array!
[ 173.004210] md: kicking non-fresh sdc from array!
[ 173.022383] md/raid1:md1: active with 0 out of 4 mirrors
[ 173.022406] md1: failed to create bitmap (-5)
[ 173.023466] md: md1 stopped.

Since both sdb and sdc have the value of 'sb->events' smaller than
that in sda, they have been kicked from the array. However, the only
remained disk sda is in 'spare' state before stop and it cannot be
added to conf->mirrors[] array. In the end, raid array assemble
and run fail.

In fact, we can use the older disk sdb or sdc to assemble the array.
That means we should not choose the 'spare' disk as the fresh disk in
analyze_sbs().

To fix the problem, we do not compare superblock events when it is
a spare disk, as same as validate_super.

Signed-off-by: Yufen Yu <yuyufen@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Song Liu <songliubraving@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Sasha Levin <sashal@kernel.org>
---
drivers/md/md.c | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
1 file changed, 51 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/md/md.c b/drivers/md/md.c
index 1be7abeb24fdc..fc6ae8276a92f 100644
--- a/drivers/md/md.c
+++ b/drivers/md/md.c
@@ -1149,7 +1149,15 @@ static int super_90_load(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct md_rdev *refdev, int minor
rdev->desc_nr = sb->this_disk.number;

if (!refdev) {
- ret = 1;
+ /*
+ * Insist on good event counter while assembling, except
+ * for spares (which don't need an event count)
+ */
+ if (sb->disks[rdev->desc_nr].state & (
+ (1<<MD_DISK_SYNC) | (1 << MD_DISK_ACTIVE)))
+ ret = 1;
+ else
+ ret = 0;
} else {
__u64 ev1, ev2;
mdp_super_t *refsb = page_address(refdev->sb_page);
@@ -1165,7 +1173,14 @@ static int super_90_load(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct md_rdev *refdev, int minor
}
ev1 = md_event(sb);
ev2 = md_event(refsb);
- if (ev1 > ev2)
+
+ /*
+ * Insist on good event counter while assembling, except
+ * for spares (which don't need an event count)
+ */
+ if (sb->disks[rdev->desc_nr].state & (
+ (1<<MD_DISK_SYNC) | (1 << MD_DISK_ACTIVE)) &&
+ (ev1 > ev2))
ret = 1;
else
ret = 0;
@@ -1525,6 +1540,7 @@ static int super_1_load(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct md_rdev *refdev, int minor_
sector_t sectors;
char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE], b2[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
int bmask;
+ __u64 role;

/*
* Calculate the position of the superblock in 512byte sectors.
@@ -1658,8 +1674,20 @@ static int super_1_load(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct md_rdev *refdev, int minor_
sb->level != 0)
return -EINVAL;

+ role = le16_to_cpu(sb->dev_roles[rdev->desc_nr]);
+
if (!refdev) {
- ret = 1;
+ /*
+ * Insist of good event counter while assembling, except for
+ * spares (which don't need an event count)
+ */
+ if (rdev->desc_nr >= 0 &&
+ rdev->desc_nr < le32_to_cpu(sb->max_dev) &&
+ (role < MD_DISK_ROLE_MAX ||
+ role == MD_DISK_ROLE_JOURNAL))
+ ret = 1;
+ else
+ ret = 0;
} else {
__u64 ev1, ev2;
struct mdp_superblock_1 *refsb = page_address(refdev->sb_page);
@@ -1676,7 +1704,14 @@ static int super_1_load(struct md_rdev *rdev, struct md_rdev *refdev, int minor_
ev1 = le64_to_cpu(sb->events);
ev2 = le64_to_cpu(refsb->events);

- if (ev1 > ev2)
+ /*
+ * Insist of good event counter while assembling, except for
+ * spares (which don't need an event count)
+ */
+ if (rdev->desc_nr >= 0 &&
+ rdev->desc_nr < le32_to_cpu(sb->max_dev) &&
+ (role < MD_DISK_ROLE_MAX ||
+ role == MD_DISK_ROLE_JOURNAL) && ev1 > ev2)
ret = 1;
else
ret = 0;
@@ -3597,7 +3632,7 @@ static struct md_rdev *md_import_device(dev_t newdev, int super_format, int supe
* Check a full RAID array for plausibility
*/

-static void analyze_sbs(struct mddev *mddev)
+static int analyze_sbs(struct mddev *mddev)
{
int i;
struct md_rdev *rdev, *freshest, *tmp;
@@ -3618,6 +3653,12 @@ static void analyze_sbs(struct mddev *mddev)
md_kick_rdev_from_array(rdev);
}

+ /* Cannot find a valid fresh disk */
+ if (!freshest) {
+ pr_warn("md: cannot find a valid disk\n");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
super_types[mddev->major_version].
validate_super(mddev, freshest);

@@ -3652,6 +3693,8 @@ static void analyze_sbs(struct mddev *mddev)
clear_bit(In_sync, &rdev->flags);
}
}
+
+ return 0;
}

/* Read a fixed-point number.
@@ -5570,7 +5613,9 @@ int md_run(struct mddev *mddev)
if (!mddev->raid_disks) {
if (!mddev->persistent)
return -EINVAL;
- analyze_sbs(mddev);
+ err = analyze_sbs(mddev);
+ if (err)
+ return -EINVAL;
}

if (mddev->level != LEVEL_NONE)
--
2.20.1
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