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SubjectRe: [PATCH 17/18] sched: Retry migration of tasks to CPU on a preferred node

Subject: sched: Introduce migrate_swap()
From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Date: Sun Jul 21 12:30:54 CEST 2013

Use the new stop_two_cpus() to implement migrate_swap(), a function
that flips two tasks between their respective cpus.

I'm fairly sure there's a less crude way than employing the
stop_two_cpus() method, but everything I tried either got horribly
fragile and/or complex. So keep it simple for now.

The notable detail is how we 'migrate' tasks that aren't runnable
anymore. We'll make it appear like we migrated them before they went
to sleep. The sole difference is the previous cpu in the wakeup path,
so we override this.

TODO: I'm fairly sure we can get rid of the wake_cpu != -1 test by
keeping wake_cpu to the actual task cpu; just couldn't be bothered to
think through all the cases.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
---
include/linux/sched.h | 1
kernel/sched/core.c | 103 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
kernel/sched/fair.c | 3 -
kernel/sched/idle_task.c | 2
kernel/sched/rt.c | 5 --
kernel/sched/sched.h | 3 -
kernel/sched/stop_task.c | 2
7 files changed, 105 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -1035,6 +1035,7 @@ struct task_struct {
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
struct llist_node wake_entry;
int on_cpu;
+ int wake_cpu;
#endif
int on_rq;

--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -1030,6 +1030,90 @@ void set_task_cpu(struct task_struct *p,
__set_task_cpu(p, new_cpu);
}

+static void __migrate_swap_task(struct task_struct *p, int cpu)
+{
+ if (p->on_rq) {
+ struct rq *src_rq, *dst_rq;
+
+ src_rq = task_rq(p);
+ dst_rq = cpu_rq(cpu);
+
+ deactivate_task(src_rq, p, 0);
+ set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
+ activate_task(dst_rq, p, 0);
+ check_preempt_curr(dst_rq, p, 0);
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Task isn't running anymore; make it appear like we migrated
+ * it before it went to sleep. This means on wakeup we make the
+ * previous cpu or targer instead of where it really is.
+ */
+ p->wake_cpu = cpu;
+ }
+}
+
+struct migration_swap_arg {
+ struct task_struct *src_task, *dst_task;
+ int src_cpu, dst_cpu;
+};
+
+static int migrate_swap_stop(void *data)
+{
+ struct migration_swap_arg *arg = data;
+ struct rq *src_rq, *dst_rq;
+ int ret = -EAGAIN;
+
+ src_rq = cpu_rq(arg->src_cpu);
+ dst_rq = cpu_rq(arg->dst_cpu);
+
+ double_rq_lock(src_rq, dst_rq);
+ if (task_cpu(arg->dst_task) != arg->dst_cpu)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ if (task_cpu(arg->src_task) != arg->src_cpu)
+ goto unlock;
+
+ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(arg->dst_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(arg->src_task)))
+ goto unlock;
+
+ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(arg->src_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(arg->dst_task)))
+ goto unlock;
+
+ __migrate_swap_task(arg->src_task, arg->dst_cpu);
+ __migrate_swap_task(arg->dst_task, arg->src_cpu);
+
+ ret = 0;
+
+unlock:
+ double_rq_unlock(src_rq, dst_rq);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * XXX worry about hotplug
+ */
+int migrate_swap(struct task_struct *cur, struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ struct migration_swap_arg arg = {
+ .src_task = cur,
+ .src_cpu = task_cpu(cur),
+ .dst_task = p,
+ .dst_cpu = task_cpu(p),
+ };
+
+ if (arg.src_cpu == arg.dst_cpu)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(arg.dst_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(arg.src_task)))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!cpumask_test_cpu(arg.src_cpu, tsk_cpus_allowed(arg.dst_task)))
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ return stop_two_cpus(arg.dst_cpu, arg.src_cpu, migrate_swap_stop, &arg);
+}
+
struct migration_arg {
struct task_struct *task;
int dest_cpu;
@@ -1249,9 +1333,9 @@ static int select_fallback_rq(int cpu, s
* The caller (fork, wakeup) owns p->pi_lock, ->cpus_allowed is stable.
*/
static inline
-int select_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flags, int wake_flags)
+int select_task_rq(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int sd_flags, int wake_flags)
{
- int cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, sd_flags, wake_flags);
+ cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, cpu, sd_flags, wake_flags);

/*
* In order not to call set_task_cpu() on a blocking task we need
@@ -1520,7 +1604,12 @@ try_to_wake_up(struct task_struct *p, un
if (p->sched_class->task_waking)
p->sched_class->task_waking(p);

- cpu = select_task_rq(p, SD_BALANCE_WAKE, wake_flags);
+ if (p->wake_cpu != -1) { /* XXX make this condition go away */
+ cpu = p->wake_cpu;
+ p->wake_cpu = -1;
+ }
+
+ cpu = select_task_rq(p, cpu, SD_BALANCE_WAKE, wake_flags);
if (task_cpu(p) != cpu) {
wake_flags |= WF_MIGRATED;
set_task_cpu(p, cpu);
@@ -1605,6 +1694,10 @@ static void __sched_fork(struct task_str
{
p->on_rq = 0;

+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ p->wake_cpu = -1;
+#endif
+
p->se.on_rq = 0;
p->se.exec_start = 0;
p->se.sum_exec_runtime = 0;
@@ -1755,7 +1848,7 @@ void wake_up_new_task(struct task_struct
* - cpus_allowed can change in the fork path
* - any previously selected cpu might disappear through hotplug
*/
- set_task_cpu(p, select_task_rq(p, SD_BALANCE_FORK, 0));
+ set_task_cpu(p, select_task_rq(p, task_cpu(p), SD_BALANCE_FORK, 0));
#endif

/* Initialize new task's runnable average */
@@ -2083,7 +2176,7 @@ void sched_exec(void)
int dest_cpu;

raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&p->pi_lock, flags);
- dest_cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, SD_BALANCE_EXEC, 0);
+ dest_cpu = p->sched_class->select_task_rq(p, task_cpu(p), SD_BALANCE_EXEC, 0);
if (dest_cpu == smp_processor_id())
goto unlock;

--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -3600,11 +3600,10 @@ static int select_idle_sibling(struct ta
* preempt must be disabled.
*/
static int
-select_task_rq_fair(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int wake_flags)
+select_task_rq_fair(struct task_struct *p, int prev_cpu, int sd_flag, int wake_flags)
{
struct sched_domain *tmp, *affine_sd = NULL, *sd = NULL;
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
- int prev_cpu = task_cpu(p);
int new_cpu = cpu;
int want_affine = 0;
int sync = wake_flags & WF_SYNC;
--- a/kernel/sched/idle_task.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/idle_task.c
@@ -9,7 +9,7 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static int
-select_task_rq_idle(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int flags)
+select_task_rq_idle(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int sd_flag, int flags)
{
return task_cpu(p); /* IDLE tasks as never migrated */
}
--- a/kernel/sched/rt.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/rt.c
@@ -1169,13 +1169,10 @@ static void yield_task_rt(struct rq *rq)
static int find_lowest_rq(struct task_struct *task);

static int
-select_task_rq_rt(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int flags)
+select_task_rq_rt(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int sd_flag, int flags)
{
struct task_struct *curr;
struct rq *rq;
- int cpu;
-
- cpu = task_cpu(p);

if (p->nr_cpus_allowed == 1)
goto out;
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -556,6 +556,7 @@ static inline u64 rq_clock_task(struct r

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
extern int migrate_task_to(struct task_struct *p, int cpu);
+extern int migrate_swap(struct task_struct *, struct task_struct *);
static inline void task_numa_free(struct task_struct *p)
{
kfree(p->numa_faults);
@@ -987,7 +988,7 @@ struct sched_class {
void (*put_prev_task) (struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p);

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
- int (*select_task_rq)(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int flags);
+ int (*select_task_rq)(struct task_struct *p, int task_cpu, int sd_flag, int flags);
void (*migrate_task_rq)(struct task_struct *p, int next_cpu);

void (*pre_schedule) (struct rq *this_rq, struct task_struct *task);
--- a/kernel/sched/stop_task.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/stop_task.c
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static int
-select_task_rq_stop(struct task_struct *p, int sd_flag, int flags)
+select_task_rq_stop(struct task_struct *p, int cpu, int sd_flag, int flags)
{
return task_cpu(p); /* stop tasks as never migrate */
}

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