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Subject[PATCH 26/31] mm, page_alloc: remove fair zone allocation policy
Date
The fair zone allocation policy interleaves allocation requests between
zones to avoid an age inversion problem whereby new pages are reclaimed to
balance a zone. Reclaim is now node-based so this should no longer be an
issue and the fair zone allocation policy is not free. This patch removes
it.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
---
include/linux/mmzone.h | 5 ----
mm/internal.h | 1 -
mm/page_alloc.c | 75 +-------------------------------------------------
mm/vmstat.c | 4 +--
4 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 83 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/mmzone.h b/include/linux/mmzone.h
index bb6902b73d16..facee6b83440 100644
--- a/include/linux/mmzone.h
+++ b/include/linux/mmzone.h
@@ -110,7 +110,6 @@ struct zone_padding {
enum zone_stat_item {
/* First 128 byte cacheline (assuming 64 bit words) */
NR_FREE_PAGES,
- NR_ALLOC_BATCH,
NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, /* Used only for compaction and reclaim retry */
NR_ZONE_LRU_ANON = NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE,
NR_ZONE_LRU_FILE,
@@ -515,10 +514,6 @@ struct zone {
atomic_long_t vm_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS];
} ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;

-enum zone_flags {
- ZONE_FAIR_DEPLETED, /* fair zone policy batch depleted */
-};
-
enum pgdat_flags {
PGDAT_CONGESTED, /* zone has many dirty pages backed by
* a congested BDI
diff --git a/mm/internal.h b/mm/internal.h
index 1e21b2d3838d..28932cd6a195 100644
--- a/mm/internal.h
+++ b/mm/internal.h
@@ -467,7 +467,6 @@ unsigned long reclaim_clean_pages_from_list(struct zone *zone,
#define ALLOC_HIGH 0x20 /* __GFP_HIGH set */
#define ALLOC_CPUSET 0x40 /* check for correct cpuset */
#define ALLOC_CMA 0x80 /* allow allocations from CMA areas */
-#define ALLOC_FAIR 0x100 /* fair zone allocation */

enum ttu_flags;
struct tlbflush_unmap_batch;
diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index eb31f114d0d8..d4815a30965b 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -2630,7 +2630,6 @@ struct page *buffered_rmqueue(struct zone *preferred_zone,
else
page = list_first_entry(list, struct page, lru);

- __dec_zone_state(zone, NR_ALLOC_BATCH);
list_del(&page->lru);
pcp->count--;

@@ -2656,15 +2655,10 @@ struct page *buffered_rmqueue(struct zone *preferred_zone,
spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
if (!page)
goto failed;
- __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ALLOC_BATCH, -(1 << order));
__mod_zone_freepage_state(zone, -(1 << order),
get_pcppage_migratetype(page));
}

- if (atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[NR_ALLOC_BATCH]) <= 0 &&
- !test_bit(ZONE_FAIR_DEPLETED, &zone->flags))
- set_bit(ZONE_FAIR_DEPLETED, &zone->flags);
-
__count_zone_vm_events(PGALLOC, zone, 1 << order);
zone_statistics(preferred_zone, zone, gfp_flags);
local_irq_restore(flags);
@@ -2875,40 +2869,18 @@ bool zone_watermark_ok_safe(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
}

#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
-static bool zone_local(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
-{
- return local_zone->node == zone->node;
-}
-
static bool zone_allows_reclaim(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
{
return node_distance(zone_to_nid(local_zone), zone_to_nid(zone)) <
RECLAIM_DISTANCE;
}
#else /* CONFIG_NUMA */
-static bool zone_local(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
-{
- return true;
-}
-
static bool zone_allows_reclaim(struct zone *local_zone, struct zone *zone)
{
return true;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */

-static void reset_alloc_batches(struct zone *preferred_zone)
-{
- struct zone *zone = preferred_zone->zone_pgdat->node_zones;
-
- do {
- mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ALLOC_BATCH,
- high_wmark_pages(zone) - low_wmark_pages(zone) -
- atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[NR_ALLOC_BATCH]));
- clear_bit(ZONE_FAIR_DEPLETED, &zone->flags);
- } while (zone++ != preferred_zone);
-}
-
/*
* get_page_from_freelist goes through the zonelist trying to allocate
* a page.
@@ -2919,10 +2891,6 @@ get_page_from_freelist(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int alloc_flags,
{
struct zoneref *z = ac->preferred_zoneref;
struct zone *zone;
- bool fair_skipped = false;
- bool apply_fair = (alloc_flags & ALLOC_FAIR);
-
-zonelist_scan:
/*
* Scan zonelist, looking for a zone with enough free.
* See also __cpuset_node_allowed() comment in kernel/cpuset.c.
@@ -2937,23 +2905,6 @@ get_page_from_freelist(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int alloc_flags,
!__cpuset_zone_allowed(zone, gfp_mask))
continue;
/*
- * Distribute pages in proportion to the individual
- * zone size to ensure fair page aging. The zone a
- * page was allocated in should have no effect on the
- * time the page has in memory before being reclaimed.
- */
- if (apply_fair) {
- if (test_bit(ZONE_FAIR_DEPLETED, &zone->flags)) {
- fair_skipped = true;
- continue;
- }
- if (!zone_local(ac->preferred_zoneref->zone, zone)) {
- if (fair_skipped)
- goto reset_fair;
- apply_fair = false;
- }
- }
- /*
* When allocating a page cache page for writing, we
* want to get it from a node that is within its dirty
* limit, such that no single node holds more than its
@@ -3024,23 +2975,6 @@ get_page_from_freelist(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order, int alloc_flags,
}
}

- /*
- * The first pass makes sure allocations are spread fairly within the
- * local node. However, the local node might have free pages left
- * after the fairness batches are exhausted, and remote zones haven't
- * even been considered yet. Try once more without fairness, and
- * include remote zones now, before entering the slowpath and waking
- * kswapd: prefer spilling to a remote zone over swapping locally.
- */
- if (fair_skipped) {
-reset_fair:
- apply_fair = false;
- fair_skipped = false;
- reset_alloc_batches(ac->preferred_zoneref->zone);
- z = ac->preferred_zoneref;
- goto zonelist_scan;
- }
-
return NULL;
}

@@ -3789,7 +3723,7 @@ __alloc_pages_nodemask(gfp_t gfp_mask, unsigned int order,
{
struct page *page;
unsigned int cpuset_mems_cookie;
- unsigned int alloc_flags = ALLOC_WMARK_LOW|ALLOC_FAIR;
+ unsigned int alloc_flags = ALLOC_WMARK_LOW;
gfp_t alloc_mask = gfp_mask; /* The gfp_t that was actually used for allocation */
struct alloc_context ac = {
.high_zoneidx = gfp_zone(gfp_mask),
@@ -6001,9 +5935,6 @@ static void __paginginit free_area_init_core(struct pglist_data *pgdat)
zone_seqlock_init(zone);
zone_pcp_init(zone);

- /* For bootup, initialized properly in watermark setup */
- mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ALLOC_BATCH, zone->managed_pages);
-
if (!size)
continue;

@@ -6856,10 +6787,6 @@ static void __setup_per_zone_wmarks(void)
zone->watermark[WMARK_LOW] = min_wmark_pages(zone) + tmp;
zone->watermark[WMARK_HIGH] = min_wmark_pages(zone) + tmp * 2;

- __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ALLOC_BATCH,
- high_wmark_pages(zone) - low_wmark_pages(zone) -
- atomic_long_read(&zone->vm_stat[NR_ALLOC_BATCH]));
-
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
}

diff --git a/mm/vmstat.c b/mm/vmstat.c
index e544d7e7d8f0..905ea9ae2d5a 100644
--- a/mm/vmstat.c
+++ b/mm/vmstat.c
@@ -908,7 +908,6 @@ int fragmentation_index(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order)
const char * const vmstat_text[] = {
/* enum zone_stat_item countes */
"nr_free_pages",
- "nr_alloc_batch",
"nr_zone_anon_lru",
"nr_zone_file_lru",
"nr_zone_write_pending",
@@ -1619,10 +1618,9 @@ int vmstat_refresh(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
val = atomic_long_read(&vm_zone_stat[i]);
if (val < 0) {
switch (i) {
- case NR_ALLOC_BATCH:
case NR_PAGES_SCANNED:
/*
- * These are often seen to go negative in
+ * This is often seen to go negative in
* recent kernels, but not to go permanently
* negative. Whilst it would be nicer not to
* have exceptions, rooting them out would be
--
2.6.4
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