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SubjectRe: [PATCH 00/21] mm: Preemptibility -v6
On Fri, 26 Nov 2010, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> This patch-set makes part of the mm a lot more preemptible. It converts
> i_mmap_lock and anon_vma->lock to mutexes and makes mmu_gather fully
> preemptible.
> The main motivation was making mm_take_all_locks() preemptible, since it
> appears people are nesting hundreds of spinlocks there.
> The side-effects are that can finally make mmu_gather preemptible,
> something which lots of people have wanted to do for a long time.
> It also gets us anon_vma refcounting, which seems to result in a nice
> cleanup of the anon_vma lifetime rules wrt KSM and compaction.
> This patch-set is build and boot-tested on x86_64 (a previous version was
> also tested on Dave's Niagra2 machines, and I suppose s390 was too when
> Martin provided the conversion patch for his arch).
> There are no known architectures left unconverted.
> Yanmin ran the -v3 posting through the comprehensive Intel test farm
> and didn't find any regressions.
> ( Not included in this posting are the 4 Sparc64 patches that implement
> gup_fast, those can be applied separately after this series gets
> anywhere. )
> The full series (including the Sparc64 gup_fast bits) also available in -git
> form from (against Linus' tree as of about an hour ago):
> git://

Hi Peter,

I understand you're intending to update your preemptible mmu_gather
patchset against 2.6.38-rc1, so I've spent a while looking through
(and running) your last posted version (plus its two fixes from BenH).

I've had no problems in running it, I can't tell if it's quicker or
slower than the unpatched. The only argument against the patchset,
really, would be performance: and though there are no bad reports on
it as yet, I do wonder how we proceed if a genuine workload shows up
which is adversely affected. Oh well, silly to worry about the
hypothetical I suppose.

There's a few minor cleanups I'd hoped for (things like removing the
start and end args from tlb_finish_mmu), but you're quite right to
have stayed on course and not strayed down that path.

However, there's one more-than-cleanup that I think you will need to add:
the ZAP_BLOCK_SIZE zap_work stuff is still there, but I think it needs
to be removed now, with the need_resched() and other checks moved down
from unmap_vmas() to inside the pagetable spinlock in zap_pte_range().

Because you're now accumulating more work than ever in the mmu_gather's
buffer, and the more so with the 20/21 extended list: but this amounts
to a backlog of work which will *usually* be done at the tlb_finish_mmu,
but when memory is low (no extra buffers) may need flushing earlier -
as things stand, while holding the pagetable spinlock, so introducing
a large unpreemptible latency under those conditions.

I believe that along with the need_resched() check moved inside
zap_pte_range(), you need to check if the mmu_gather buffer is full,
and if so drop pagetable spinlock while you flush it. Hmm, but if
it's extensible, then it wasn't full: I've not worked out how this
would actually fit together.

(I also believe that when memory is low, we *ought* to be freeing up
the pages sooner: perhaps all the GFP_ATOMICs should be GFP_NOWAITs.)

I found patch ordering a bit odd: I'm going to comment on them in
what seems a more natural ordering to me: if Andrew folds your 00
comments into 01 as he usually does, then I'd rather see them on the
main preemptible mmu_gather patch, than on reverting some anon_vma
annotations! And with anon_vma->lock already nested inside i_mmap_lock,
I think the anon_vma mods are secondary, and can just follow after.

08/21 mm-preemptible_mmu_gather.patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
But I'd prefer __tlb_alloc_pages() be named __tlb_alloc_page(),
and think it should pass __GFP_NOWARN with its GFP_ATOMIC (same
remark would apply in several other patches too).

09/21 powerpc-preemptible_mmu_gather.patch
I'll leave Acking to Ben, but it looked okay so far as I could tell.
I worry how much (unpreemptible) work happens in __flush_tlb_pending
in __switch_to, whether PPC64_TLB_BATCH_NR 192 ought to be smaller
now (I wonder where 192 came from originally); move the _TLF_LAZY_MMU
block below _switch() to after the local_irq_restore(flags)?
The mods to hpte_need_flush() look like what we need in 2.6.37-stable
to keep CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT vfree() quiet, perhaps should be separated
out - but perhaps they're inappropriate and Ben has another fix in mind.

10/21 sparc-preemptible_mmu_gather.patch
Similarly, looked okay so far as I could tell, and this one was
already doing flush_tlb_pending in switch_to; more of the 192
(not from you, of course). tlb_batch_add() has some commented-out
(tb->fullmm) code that you probably meant to come back to.
mm/init_32.c still has DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mmu_gather, mmu_gathers).

11/21 s390-preemptible_mmu_gather.patch
I'd prefer __tlb_alloc_page(), with __GFP_NOWARN as suggested above.
mm/pgtable.c still has DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mmu_gather, mmu_gathers).

12/21 arm-preemptible_mmu_gather.patch
13/21 sh-preemptible_mmu_gather.patch
14/21 um-preemptible_mmu_gather.patch
15/21 ia64-preemptible_mmu_gather.patch
All straightforward, but DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mmu_gather, mmu_gathers)
still to be removed from these and other arches.

16/21 mm_powerpc-move_the_rcu_page-table_freeing_into.patch
Seems good, prefer Ben and Dave to Ack. "copmletion" -> "completion".

17/21 lockdep_mutex-provide_mutex_lock_nest_lock.patch
Okay by me.

18/21 mutex-provide_mutex_is_contended.patch
I suppose so, though if we use it in the truncate path, then we are
stuck with the vm_truncate_count stuff I'd rather hoped would go away;
but I guess you're right, that if we did spin_needbreak/need_lockbreak
before, then we ought to do this now - though I suspect I only added
it because I had to insert a resched-point anyway, and it seemed a good
idea at the time to check lockbreak too since that had just been added.

19/21 mm-convert_i_mmap_lock_and_anon_vma-_lock_to_mutexes.patch
I suggest doing just the i_mmap_lock->mutex conversion at this point.
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
except that in the past we have renamed a lock when we've done this
kind of conversion, so I'd expect i_mmap_mutex throughout now.
Or am I just out of date? I don't feel very strongly about it.

20/21 mm-extended_batches_for_generic_mmu_gather.patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
though it struck me as overdesign at first: I guess Nick wanted it
because he had an implementation that used the pagetables themselves,
hence an assured supply of these buffers. tlb_finish_mmu(), and
perhaps others, looking rather too big for inline by this stage.

01/21 mm-revert_page_lock_anon_vma_lock_annotation.patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>

02/21 powerpc-use_call_rcu_sched_for_pagetables.patch
Already went into 2.6.37

03/21 mm-improve_page_lock_anon_vma_comment.patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>

04/21 mm-rename_drop_anon_vma_to_put_anon_vma.patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
but (if you don't mind: leave it to me if you prefer) in mm/ksm.c
please just remove wrappers hold_anon_vma() and ksm_put_anon_vma():
they had a point when they originated the refcount but no point now.
Note there are now two places to update in mm/migrate.c in 38-rc1.

05/21 mm-move_anon_vma_ref_out_from_under_config_ksm.patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
but you shouldn't need to touch mm/migrate.c again here with 38-rc1.
Didn't you end up double-decrementing refcount in the huge_page case?

06/21 mm-simplify_anon_vma_refcounts.patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
except page_get_anon_vma() is being declared in rmap.h a patch early,
and you shouldn't need to touch mm/ksm.c again here with 38-rc1.
Did wonder if __put_anon_vma() is right to put anon_vma->root *before*
freeing anon_vma, but suppose your not_zero strictness makes it safe.

07/21 mm-use_refcounts_for_page_lock_anon_vma.patch
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
but here I'm expecting you to use your page_get_anon_vma() in
mm/migrate.c too, to replace my 38-rc1 lock/get/unlock sequences.
Second page_mapped() test in page_get_anon_vma(): remove "goto out;"
from that block, it's already reached "out". In patch description,
didn't understand "for each of convertion": "for sake of conversion"?
This brings us to a nice point, ready for the lock->mutex conversion:
the only defect being the doubled atomics in page_(un)lock_anon_vma.

19/21 mm-convert_i_mmap_lock_and_anon_vma-_lock_to_mutexes.patch
I suggest doing the anon_vma lock->mutex conversion separately here.
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <>
except that in the past we have renamed a lock when we've done this
kind of conversion, so I'd expect anon_vma->mutex throughout now.
Or am I just out of date? I don't feel very strongly about it.

21/21 mm-optimize_page_lock_anon_vma_fast-path.patch
I certainly see the call for this patch, I want to eliminate those
doubled atomics too. This appears correct to me, and I've not dreamt
up an alternative; but I do dislike it, and I suspect you don't like
it much either. I'm ambivalent about it, would love a better patch.

I did not spend very long looking at these, none of my business really!
but did notice one thing I didn't like, that pte_special() is declared
unsigned long in the third, whereas int in every other architecture. I
think it should follow the ia64-style there, use != 0 to return an int.

A few checkpatch warnings, many of which I don't particularly agree with -
though I do get annoyed by comments going over 80-cols without any need!


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