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SubjectRe: [PATCH 00/21] mm: Preemptibility -v6
On Wed, 19 Jan 2011 18:10:39 +0100
Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> wrote:

> Martin, while doing the below DEFINE_PER_CPU removal I saw you had a
> bunch of RCU table removal thingies in arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c, could
> s390 use the generic bits like sparc and powerpc (see patch 16)?

That should do it. 229 deletions vs. 74 insertions, not bad. And the
tlb flushing code actually got simpler. Even better :-)

--
Subject: [PATCH] s390: use generic RCP page-table freeing

From: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>

Now that we have a generic implementation for RCU based page table
freeing, use it for s390 as well. It saves a couple of lines.

Signed-off-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
---
arch/s390/Kconfig | 1
arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h | 19 +--
arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h | 91 ++++++++----------
arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c | 192 +++++-----------------------------------
4 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 229 deletions(-)
--- a/arch/s390/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/s390/Kconfig
@@ -87,6 +87,7 @@ config S390
select HAVE_KERNEL_LZO
select HAVE_GET_USER_PAGES_FAST
select HAVE_ARCH_MUTEX_CPU_RELAX
+ select HAVE_RCU_TABLE_FREE
select ARCH_INLINE_SPIN_TRYLOCK
select ARCH_INLINE_SPIN_TRYLOCK_BH
select ARCH_INLINE_SPIN_LOCK
--- a/arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h
+++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/pgalloc.h
@@ -20,12 +20,11 @@
#define check_pgt_cache() do {} while (0)

unsigned long *crst_table_alloc(struct mm_struct *, int);
-void crst_table_free(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long *);
-void crst_table_free_rcu(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long *);
+void crst_table_free(unsigned long *);

unsigned long *page_table_alloc(struct mm_struct *);
-void page_table_free(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long *);
-void page_table_free_rcu(struct mm_struct *, unsigned long *);
+void page_table_free(unsigned long *);
+
void disable_noexec(struct mm_struct *, struct task_struct *);

static inline void clear_table(unsigned long *s, unsigned long val, size_t n)
@@ -95,7 +94,7 @@ static inline pud_t *pud_alloc_one(struc
crst_table_init(table, _REGION3_ENTRY_EMPTY);
return (pud_t *) table;
}
-#define pud_free(mm, pud) crst_table_free(mm, (unsigned long *) pud)
+#define pud_free(mm, pud) crst_table_free((unsigned long *) pud)

static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc_one(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long vmaddr)
{
@@ -104,7 +103,7 @@ static inline pmd_t *pmd_alloc_one(struc
crst_table_init(table, _SEGMENT_ENTRY_EMPTY);
return (pmd_t *) table;
}
-#define pmd_free(mm, pmd) crst_table_free(mm, (unsigned long *) pmd)
+#define pmd_free(mm, pmd) crst_table_free((unsigned long *) pmd)

static inline void pgd_populate_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm,
pgd_t *pgd, pud_t *pud)
@@ -148,7 +147,7 @@ static inline pgd_t *pgd_alloc(struct mm
return (pgd_t *)
crst_table_alloc(mm, user_mode == SECONDARY_SPACE_MODE);
}
-#define pgd_free(mm, pgd) crst_table_free(mm, (unsigned long *) pgd)
+#define pgd_free(mm, pgd) crst_table_free((unsigned long *) pgd)

static inline void pmd_populate_kernel(struct mm_struct *mm,
pmd_t *pmd, pte_t *pte)
@@ -175,9 +174,7 @@ static inline void pmd_populate(struct m
#define pte_alloc_one_kernel(mm, vmaddr) ((pte_t *) page_table_alloc(mm))
#define pte_alloc_one(mm, vmaddr) ((pte_t *) page_table_alloc(mm))

-#define pte_free_kernel(mm, pte) page_table_free(mm, (unsigned long *) pte)
-#define pte_free(mm, pte) page_table_free(mm, (unsigned long *) pte)
-
-extern void rcu_table_freelist_finish(void);
+#define pte_free_kernel(mm, pte) page_table_free((unsigned long *) pte)
+#define pte_free(mm, pte) page_table_free((unsigned long *) pte)

#endif /* _S390_PGALLOC_H */
--- a/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h
+++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/tlb.h
@@ -29,50 +29,42 @@
#include <asm/smp.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>

+struct mmu_table_batch {
+ struct rcu_head rcu;
+ unsigned int nr;
+ void *tables[0];
+};
+
+#define MAX_TABLE_BATCH \
+ ((PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct mmu_table_batch)) / sizeof(void *))
+
+void tlb_table_flush(struct mmu_gather *);
+void tlb_remove_table(struct mmu_gather *, void *);
+
struct mmu_gather {
struct mm_struct *mm;
unsigned int fullmm;
- unsigned int nr_ptes;
- unsigned int nr_pxds;
- unsigned int max;
- void **array;
- void *local[8];
+ struct mmu_table_batch *batch;
+ /* need_flush is used only for page tables */
+ unsigned int need_flush : 1;
};

-static inline void __tlb_alloc_page(struct mmu_gather *tlb)
-{
- unsigned long addr = __get_free_pages(GFP_NOWAIT | __GFP_NOWARN, 0);
-
- if (addr) {
- tlb->array = (void *) addr;
- tlb->max = PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(void *);
- }
-}
-
static inline void tlb_gather_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned int full_mm_flush)
{
tlb->mm = mm;
- tlb->max = ARRAY_SIZE(tlb->local);
- tlb->array = tlb->local;
tlb->fullmm = full_mm_flush;
if (tlb->fullmm)
__tlb_flush_mm(mm);
- else
- __tlb_alloc_page(tlb);
- tlb->nr_ptes = 0;
- tlb->nr_pxds = tlb->max;
+ tlb->batch = NULL;
+ tlb->need_flush = 0;
}

static inline void tlb_flush_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb)
{
- if (!tlb->fullmm && (tlb->nr_ptes > 0 || tlb->nr_pxds < tlb->max))
- __tlb_flush_mm(tlb->mm);
- while (tlb->nr_ptes > 0)
- page_table_free_rcu(tlb->mm, tlb->array[--tlb->nr_ptes]);
- while (tlb->nr_pxds < tlb->max)
- crst_table_free_rcu(tlb->mm, tlb->array[tlb->nr_pxds++]);
+ if (tlb->need_flush)
+ tlb_table_flush(tlb);
}

static inline void tlb_finish_mmu(struct mmu_gather *tlb,
@@ -80,13 +72,8 @@ static inline void tlb_finish_mmu(struct
{
tlb_flush_mmu(tlb);

- rcu_table_freelist_finish();
-
/* keep the page table cache within bounds */
check_pgt_cache();
-
- if (tlb->array != tlb->local)
- free_pages((unsigned long) tlb->array, 0);
}

/*
@@ -113,12 +100,11 @@ static inline void tlb_remove_page(struc
static inline void pte_free_tlb(struct mmu_gather *tlb, pgtable_t pte,
unsigned long address)
{
- if (!tlb->fullmm) {
- tlb->array[tlb->nr_ptes++] = pte;
- if (tlb->nr_ptes >= tlb->nr_pxds)
- tlb_flush_mmu(tlb);
- } else
- page_table_free(tlb->mm, (unsigned long *) pte);
+ if (!tlb->fullmm)
+ /* Use LSB to distinguish crst table vs. page table */
+ tlb_remove_table(tlb, (void *) pte + 1);
+ else
+ page_table_free((unsigned long *) pte);
}

/*
@@ -134,12 +120,10 @@ static inline void pmd_free_tlb(struct m
#ifdef __s390x__
if (tlb->mm->context.asce_limit <= (1UL << 31))
return;
- if (!tlb->fullmm) {
- tlb->array[--tlb->nr_pxds] = pmd;
- if (tlb->nr_ptes >= tlb->nr_pxds)
- tlb_flush_mmu(tlb);
- } else
- crst_table_free(tlb->mm, (unsigned long *) pmd);
+ if (!tlb->fullmm)
+ tlb_remove_table(tlb, pmd);
+ else
+ crst_table_free((unsigned long *) pmd);
#endif
}

@@ -156,15 +140,22 @@ static inline void pud_free_tlb(struct m
#ifdef __s390x__
if (tlb->mm->context.asce_limit <= (1UL << 42))
return;
- if (!tlb->fullmm) {
- tlb->array[--tlb->nr_pxds] = pud;
- if (tlb->nr_ptes >= tlb->nr_pxds)
- tlb_flush_mmu(tlb);
- } else
- crst_table_free(tlb->mm, (unsigned long *) pud);
+ if (!tlb->fullmm)
+ tlb_remove_table(tlb, pud);
+ else
+ crst_table_free((unsigned long *) pud);
#endif
}

+static inline void __tlb_remove_table(void *table)
+{
+ /* Use LSB to distinguish crst table vs. page table */
+ if ((unsigned long) table & 1)
+ page_table_free(table - 1);
+ else
+ crst_table_free(table);
+}
+
#define tlb_start_vma(tlb, vma) do { } while (0)
#define tlb_end_vma(tlb, vma) do { } while (0)
#define tlb_remove_tlb_entry(tlb, ptep, addr) do { } while (0)
--- a/arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c
+++ b/arch/s390/mm/pgtable.c
@@ -24,92 +24,17 @@
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>

-struct rcu_table_freelist {
- struct rcu_head rcu;
- struct mm_struct *mm;
- unsigned int pgt_index;
- unsigned int crst_index;
- unsigned long *table[0];
-};
-
-#define RCU_FREELIST_SIZE \
- ((PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct rcu_table_freelist)) \
- / sizeof(unsigned long))
-
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_table_freelist *, rcu_table_freelist);
-
-static void __page_table_free(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *table);
-static void __crst_table_free(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *table);
-
-static struct rcu_table_freelist *rcu_table_freelist_get(struct mm_struct *mm)
-{
- struct rcu_table_freelist **batchp = &__get_cpu_var(rcu_table_freelist);
- struct rcu_table_freelist *batch = *batchp;
-
- if (batch)
- return batch;
- batch = (struct rcu_table_freelist *) __get_free_page(GFP_ATOMIC);
- if (batch) {
- batch->mm = mm;
- batch->pgt_index = 0;
- batch->crst_index = RCU_FREELIST_SIZE;
- *batchp = batch;
- }
- return batch;
-}
-
-static void rcu_table_freelist_callback(struct rcu_head *head)
-{
- struct rcu_table_freelist *batch =
- container_of(head, struct rcu_table_freelist, rcu);
-
- while (batch->pgt_index > 0)
- __page_table_free(batch->mm, batch->table[--batch->pgt_index]);
- while (batch->crst_index < RCU_FREELIST_SIZE)
- __crst_table_free(batch->mm, batch->table[batch->crst_index++]);
- free_page((unsigned long) batch);
-}
-
-void rcu_table_freelist_finish(void)
-{
- struct rcu_table_freelist *batch = __get_cpu_var(rcu_table_freelist);
-
- if (!batch)
- return;
- call_rcu(&batch->rcu, rcu_table_freelist_callback);
- __get_cpu_var(rcu_table_freelist) = NULL;
-}
-
-static void smp_sync(void *arg)
-{
-}

#ifndef CONFIG_64BIT
#define ALLOC_ORDER 1
#define TABLES_PER_PAGE 4
#define FRAG_MASK 15UL
#define SECOND_HALVES 10UL
-
-void clear_table_pgstes(unsigned long *table)
-{
- clear_table(table, _PAGE_TYPE_EMPTY, PAGE_SIZE/4);
- memset(table + 256, 0, PAGE_SIZE/4);
- clear_table(table + 512, _PAGE_TYPE_EMPTY, PAGE_SIZE/4);
- memset(table + 768, 0, PAGE_SIZE/4);
-}
-
#else
#define ALLOC_ORDER 2
#define TABLES_PER_PAGE 2
#define FRAG_MASK 3UL
#define SECOND_HALVES 2UL
-
-void clear_table_pgstes(unsigned long *table)
-{
- clear_table(table, _PAGE_TYPE_EMPTY, PAGE_SIZE/2);
- memset(table + 256, 0, PAGE_SIZE/2);
-}
-
#endif

unsigned long VMALLOC_START = VMALLOC_END - VMALLOC_SIZE;
@@ -138,6 +63,7 @@ unsigned long *crst_table_alloc(struct m
return NULL;
}
page->index = page_to_phys(shadow);
+ page->private = (unsigned long) mm;
}
spin_lock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
list_add(&page->lru, &mm->context.crst_list);
@@ -145,47 +71,19 @@ unsigned long *crst_table_alloc(struct m
return (unsigned long *) page_to_phys(page);
}

-static void __crst_table_free(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *table)
-{
- unsigned long *shadow = get_shadow_table(table);
-
- if (shadow)
- free_pages((unsigned long) shadow, ALLOC_ORDER);
- free_pages((unsigned long) table, ALLOC_ORDER);
-}
-
-void crst_table_free(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *table)
-{
- struct page *page = virt_to_page(table);
-
- spin_lock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
- list_del(&page->lru);
- spin_unlock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
- __crst_table_free(mm, table);
-}
-
-void crst_table_free_rcu(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *table)
+void crst_table_free(unsigned long *table)
{
- struct rcu_table_freelist *batch;
struct page *page = virt_to_page(table);
+ struct mm_struct *mm = (struct mm_struct *) page->private;
+ unsigned long *shadow = get_shadow_table(table);

spin_lock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
list_del(&page->lru);
+ page->private = 0;
spin_unlock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
- if (atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) < 2 &&
- cpumask_equal(mm_cpumask(mm), cpumask_of(smp_processor_id()))) {
- __crst_table_free(mm, table);
- return;
- }
- batch = rcu_table_freelist_get(mm);
- if (!batch) {
- smp_call_function(smp_sync, NULL, 1);
- __crst_table_free(mm, table);
- return;
- }
- batch->table[--batch->crst_index] = table;
- if (batch->pgt_index >= batch->crst_index)
- rcu_table_freelist_finish();
+ if (shadow)
+ free_pages((unsigned long) shadow, ALLOC_ORDER);
+ free_pages((unsigned long) table, ALLOC_ORDER);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
@@ -223,7 +121,7 @@ repeat:
}
spin_unlock_bh(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (table)
- crst_table_free(mm, table);
+ crst_table_free(table);
if (mm->context.asce_limit < limit)
goto repeat;
update_mm(mm, current);
@@ -257,7 +155,7 @@ void crst_table_downgrade(struct mm_stru
}
mm->pgd = (pgd_t *) (pgd_val(*pgd) & _REGION_ENTRY_ORIGIN);
mm->task_size = mm->context.asce_limit;
- crst_table_free(mm, (unsigned long *) pgd);
+ crst_table_free((unsigned long *) pgd);
}
update_mm(mm, current);
}
@@ -288,11 +186,7 @@ unsigned long *page_table_alloc(struct m
return NULL;
pgtable_page_ctor(page);
page->flags &= ~FRAG_MASK;
- table = (unsigned long *) page_to_phys(page);
- if (mm->context.has_pgste)
- clear_table_pgstes(table);
- else
- clear_table(table, _PAGE_TYPE_EMPTY, PAGE_SIZE);
+ page->private = (unsigned long) mm;
spin_lock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
list_add(&page->lru, &mm->context.pgtable_list);
}
@@ -305,42 +199,34 @@ unsigned long *page_table_alloc(struct m
if ((page->flags & FRAG_MASK) == ((1UL << TABLES_PER_PAGE) - 1))
list_move_tail(&page->lru, &mm->context.pgtable_list);
spin_unlock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
+ clear_table(table, _PAGE_TYPE_EMPTY, PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(long));
+ if (mm->context.noexec)
+ clear_table(table + 256, _PAGE_TYPE_EMPTY,
+ PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(long));
+ else if (mm->context.has_pgste)
+ clear_table(table + 256, 0, PTRS_PER_PTE * sizeof(long));
return table;
}

-static void __page_table_free(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *table)
+void page_table_free(unsigned long *table)
{
- struct page *page;
- unsigned long bits;
-
- bits = ((unsigned long) table) & 15;
- table = (unsigned long *)(((unsigned long) table) ^ bits);
- page = pfn_to_page(__pa(table) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
- page->flags ^= bits;
- if (!(page->flags & FRAG_MASK)) {
- pgtable_page_dtor(page);
- __free_page(page);
- }
-}
-
-void page_table_free(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *table)
-{
- struct page *page;
+ struct page *page = virt_to_page(table);
+ struct mm_struct *mm = (struct mm_struct *) page->private;
unsigned long bits;

bits = (mm->context.noexec || mm->context.has_pgste) ? 3UL : 1UL;
bits <<= (__pa(table) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) / 256 / sizeof(unsigned long);
- page = pfn_to_page(__pa(table) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
spin_lock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
page->flags ^= bits;
if (page->flags & FRAG_MASK) {
/* Page now has some free pgtable fragments. */
- if (!list_empty(&page->lru))
- list_move(&page->lru, &mm->context.pgtable_list);
+ list_move(&page->lru, &mm->context.pgtable_list);
page = NULL;
- } else
+ } else {
/* All fragments of the 4K page have been freed. */
list_del(&page->lru);
+ page->private = 0;
+ }
spin_unlock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
if (page) {
pgtable_page_dtor(page);
@@ -348,36 +234,6 @@ void page_table_free(struct mm_struct *m
}
}

-void page_table_free_rcu(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long *table)
-{
- struct rcu_table_freelist *batch;
- struct page *page;
- unsigned long bits;
-
- if (atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) < 2 &&
- cpumask_equal(mm_cpumask(mm), cpumask_of(smp_processor_id()))) {
- page_table_free(mm, table);
- return;
- }
- batch = rcu_table_freelist_get(mm);
- if (!batch) {
- smp_call_function(smp_sync, NULL, 1);
- page_table_free(mm, table);
- return;
- }
- bits = (mm->context.noexec || mm->context.has_pgste) ? 3UL : 1UL;
- bits <<= (__pa(table) & (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) / 256 / sizeof(unsigned long);
- page = pfn_to_page(__pa(table) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
- spin_lock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
- /* Delayed freeing with rcu prevents reuse of pgtable fragments */
- list_del_init(&page->lru);
- spin_unlock_bh(&mm->context.list_lock);
- table = (unsigned long *)(((unsigned long) table) | bits);
- batch->table[batch->pgt_index++] = table;
- if (batch->pgt_index >= batch->crst_index)
- rcu_table_freelist_finish();
-}
-
void disable_noexec(struct mm_struct *mm, struct task_struct *tsk)
{
struct page *page;

--
blue skies,
Martin.

"Reality continues to ruin my life." - Calvin.



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