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SubjectRe: [PATCH -tip v8 13/13] x86/kprobes: Fixup return address in generic trampoline handler

* Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@kernel.org> wrote:

> In x86, kretprobe trampoline address on the stack frame will
> be replaced with the real return address after returning from
> trampoline_handler. Before fixing the return address, the real
> return address can be found in the current->kretprobe_instances.
>
> However, since there is a window between updating the
> current->kretprobe_instances and fixing the address on the stack,
> if an interrupt caused at that timing and the interrupt handler
> does stacktrace, it may fail to unwind because it can not get
> the correct return address from current->kretprobe_instances.
>
> This will minimize that window by fixing the return address
> right before updating current->kretprobe_instances.

Is there still a window? I.e. is it "minimized" (to how big of a window?),
or eliminated?

> +void arch_kretprobe_fixup_return(struct pt_regs *regs,
> + unsigned long correct_ret_addr)
> +{
> + unsigned long *frame_pointer;
> +
> + frame_pointer = ((unsigned long *)&regs->sp) + 1;
> +
> + /* Replace fake return address with real one. */
> + *frame_pointer = correct_ret_addr;

Firstly, why does &regs->sp have to be forced to 'unsigned long *'?

pt_regs::sp is 'unsigned long' on both 32-bit and 64-bit kernels AFAICS.

Secondly, the new code modified by your patch now looks like this:

frame_pointer = ((unsigned long *)&regs->sp) + 1;

+ kretprobe_trampoline_handler(regs, frame_pointer);

where:

+void arch_kretprobe_fixup_return(struct pt_regs *regs,
+ unsigned long correct_ret_addr)
+{
+ unsigned long *frame_pointer;
+
+ frame_pointer = ((unsigned long *)&regs->sp) + 1;
+
+ /* Replace fake return address with real one. */
+ *frame_pointer = correct_ret_addr;
+}

So we first do:

frame_pointer = ((unsigned long *)&regs->sp) + 1;

... and pass that in to arch_kretprobe_fixup_return() as
'correct_ret_addr', which does:

+ frame_pointer = ((unsigned long *)&regs->sp) + 1;
+ *frame_pointer = correct_ret_addr;

... which looks like the exact same thing as:

*frame_pointer = frame_pointer;

... obfuscated through a thick layer of type casts?

Thanks,

Ingo

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