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Subject[PATCH v2] vfio/pci: Handle concurrent vma faults
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Date
vfio_pci_mmap_fault() incorrectly makes use of io_remap_pfn_range()
from within a vm_ops fault handler. This function will trigger a
BUG_ON if it encounters a populated pte within the remapped range,
where any fault is meant to populate the entire vma. Concurrent
inflight faults to the same vma will therefore hit this issue,
triggering traces such as:

[ 1591.733256] kernel BUG at mm/memory.c:2177!
[ 1591.739515] Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
[ 1591.747381] Modules linked in: vfio_iommu_type1 vfio_pci vfio_virqfd vfio pv680_mii(O)
[ 1591.760536] CPU: 2 PID: 227 Comm: lcore-worker-2 Tainted: G O 5.11.0-rc3+ #1
[ 1591.770735] Hardware name: , BIOS HixxxxFPGA 1P B600 V121-1
[ 1591.778872] pstate: 40400009 (nZcv daif +PAN -UAO -TCO BTYPE=--)
[ 1591.786134] pc : remap_pfn_range+0x214/0x340
[ 1591.793564] lr : remap_pfn_range+0x1b8/0x340
[ 1591.799117] sp : ffff80001068bbd0
[ 1591.803476] x29: ffff80001068bbd0 x28: 0000042eff6f0000
[ 1591.810404] x27: 0000001100910000 x26: 0000001300910000
[ 1591.817457] x25: 0068000000000fd3 x24: ffffa92f1338e358
[ 1591.825144] x23: 0000001140000000 x22: 0000000000000041
[ 1591.832506] x21: 0000001300910000 x20: ffffa92f141a4000
[ 1591.839520] x19: 0000001100a00000 x18: 0000000000000000
[ 1591.846108] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: ffffa92f11844540
[ 1591.853570] x15: 0000000000000000 x14: 0000000000000000
[ 1591.860768] x13: fffffc0000000000 x12: 0000000000000880
[ 1591.868053] x11: ffff0821bf3d01d0 x10: ffff5ef2abd89000
[ 1591.875932] x9 : ffffa92f12ab0064 x8 : ffffa92f136471c0
[ 1591.883208] x7 : 0000001140910000 x6 : 0000000200000000
[ 1591.890177] x5 : 0000000000000001 x4 : 0000000000000001
[ 1591.896656] x3 : 0000000000000000 x2 : 0168044000000fd3
[ 1591.903215] x1 : ffff082126261880 x0 : fffffc2084989868
[ 1591.910234] Call trace:
[ 1591.914837] remap_pfn_range+0x214/0x340
[ 1591.921765] vfio_pci_mmap_fault+0xac/0x130 [vfio_pci]
[ 1591.931200] __do_fault+0x44/0x12c
[ 1591.937031] handle_mm_fault+0xcc8/0x1230
[ 1591.942475] do_page_fault+0x16c/0x484
[ 1591.948635] do_translation_fault+0xbc/0xd8
[ 1591.954171] do_mem_abort+0x4c/0xc0
[ 1591.960316] el0_da+0x40/0x80
[ 1591.965585] el0_sync_handler+0x168/0x1b0
[ 1591.971608] el0_sync+0x174/0x180
[ 1591.978312] Code: eb1b027f 540000c0 f9400022 b4fffe02 (d4210000)

Switch to using vmf_insert_pfn() to allow replacing mappings, and
include decrypted memory protection as formerly provided by
io_remap_pfn_range(). Tracking of vmas is also updated to
prevent duplicate entries.

Fixes: 11c4cd07ba11 ("vfio-pci: Fault mmaps to enable vma tracking")
Reported-by: Zeng Tao <prime.zeng@hisilicon.com>
Suggested-by: Zeng Tao <prime.zeng@hisilicon.com>
Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
---

v2: Set decrypted pgprot in mmap, use non-_prot vmf_insert_pfn()
as suggested by Jason G.

drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++------------
1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
index 65e7e6b44578..73e125d73640 100644
--- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
+++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
@@ -1573,6 +1573,11 @@ static int __vfio_pci_add_vma(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
{
struct vfio_pci_mmap_vma *mmap_vma;

+ list_for_each_entry(mmap_vma, &vdev->vma_list, vma_next) {
+ if (mmap_vma->vma == vma)
+ return 0; /* Swallow the error, the vma is tracked */
+ }
+
mmap_vma = kmalloc(sizeof(*mmap_vma), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!mmap_vma)
return -ENOMEM;
@@ -1612,31 +1617,31 @@ static vm_fault_t vfio_pci_mmap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = vma->vm_private_data;
- vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
+ unsigned long vaddr = vma->vm_start, pfn = vma->vm_pgoff;
+ vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;

mutex_lock(&vdev->vma_lock);
down_read(&vdev->memory_lock);

- if (!__vfio_pci_memory_enabled(vdev)) {
- ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
- mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
+ if (!__vfio_pci_memory_enabled(vdev))
goto up_out;
+
+ for (; vaddr < vma->vm_end; vaddr += PAGE_SIZE, pfn++) {
+ ret = vmf_insert_pfn(vma, vaddr, pfn);
+ if (ret != VM_FAULT_NOPAGE) {
+ zap_vma_ptes(vma, vma->vm_start, vaddr - vma->vm_start);
+ goto up_out;
+ }
}

if (__vfio_pci_add_vma(vdev, vma)) {
ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
- mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
- goto up_out;
+ zap_vma_ptes(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start);
}

- mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
-
- if (io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_pgoff,
- vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start, vma->vm_page_prot))
- ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
-
up_out:
up_read(&vdev->memory_lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
return ret;
}

@@ -1702,6 +1707,7 @@ static int vfio_pci_mmap(void *device_data, struct vm_area_struct *vma)

vma->vm_private_data = vdev;
vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(vma->vm_page_prot);
+ vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_decrypted(vma->vm_page_prot);
vma->vm_pgoff = (pci_resource_start(pdev, index) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + pgoff;

/*
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