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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] vfio/pci: Handle concurrent vma faults
On Wed, 10 Mar 2021 11:58:07 -0700
Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com> wrote:

> vfio_pci_mmap_fault() incorrectly makes use of io_remap_pfn_range()
> from within a vm_ops fault handler. This function will trigger a
> BUG_ON if it encounters a populated pte within the remapped range,
> where any fault is meant to populate the entire vma. Concurrent
> inflight faults to the same vma will therefore hit this issue,
> triggering traces such as:
>
> [ 1591.733256] kernel BUG at mm/memory.c:2177!
> [ 1591.739515] Internal error: Oops - BUG: 0 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
> [ 1591.747381] Modules linked in: vfio_iommu_type1 vfio_pci vfio_virqfd vfio pv680_mii(O)
> [ 1591.760536] CPU: 2 PID: 227 Comm: lcore-worker-2 Tainted: G O 5.11.0-rc3+ #1
> [ 1591.770735] Hardware name: , BIOS HixxxxFPGA 1P B600 V121-1
> [ 1591.778872] pstate: 40400009 (nZcv daif +PAN -UAO -TCO BTYPE=--)
> [ 1591.786134] pc : remap_pfn_range+0x214/0x340
> [ 1591.793564] lr : remap_pfn_range+0x1b8/0x340
> [ 1591.799117] sp : ffff80001068bbd0
> [ 1591.803476] x29: ffff80001068bbd0 x28: 0000042eff6f0000
> [ 1591.810404] x27: 0000001100910000 x26: 0000001300910000
> [ 1591.817457] x25: 0068000000000fd3 x24: ffffa92f1338e358
> [ 1591.825144] x23: 0000001140000000 x22: 0000000000000041
> [ 1591.832506] x21: 0000001300910000 x20: ffffa92f141a4000
> [ 1591.839520] x19: 0000001100a00000 x18: 0000000000000000
> [ 1591.846108] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: ffffa92f11844540
> [ 1591.853570] x15: 0000000000000000 x14: 0000000000000000
> [ 1591.860768] x13: fffffc0000000000 x12: 0000000000000880
> [ 1591.868053] x11: ffff0821bf3d01d0 x10: ffff5ef2abd89000
> [ 1591.875932] x9 : ffffa92f12ab0064 x8 : ffffa92f136471c0
> [ 1591.883208] x7 : 0000001140910000 x6 : 0000000200000000
> [ 1591.890177] x5 : 0000000000000001 x4 : 0000000000000001
> [ 1591.896656] x3 : 0000000000000000 x2 : 0168044000000fd3
> [ 1591.903215] x1 : ffff082126261880 x0 : fffffc2084989868
> [ 1591.910234] Call trace:
> [ 1591.914837] remap_pfn_range+0x214/0x340
> [ 1591.921765] vfio_pci_mmap_fault+0xac/0x130 [vfio_pci]
> [ 1591.931200] __do_fault+0x44/0x12c
> [ 1591.937031] handle_mm_fault+0xcc8/0x1230
> [ 1591.942475] do_page_fault+0x16c/0x484
> [ 1591.948635] do_translation_fault+0xbc/0xd8
> [ 1591.954171] do_mem_abort+0x4c/0xc0
> [ 1591.960316] el0_da+0x40/0x80
> [ 1591.965585] el0_sync_handler+0x168/0x1b0
> [ 1591.971608] el0_sync+0x174/0x180
> [ 1591.978312] Code: eb1b027f 540000c0 f9400022 b4fffe02 (d4210000)
>
> Switch to using vmf_insert_pfn() to allow replacing mappings, and
> include decrypted memory protection as formerly provided by
> io_remap_pfn_range(). Tracking of vmas is also updated to
> prevent duplicate entries.
>
> Fixes: 11c4cd07ba11 ("vfio-pci: Fault mmaps to enable vma tracking")
> Reported-by: Zeng Tao <prime.zeng@hisilicon.com>
> Suggested-by: Zeng Tao <prime.zeng@hisilicon.com>
> Signed-off-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> ---
>
> v2: Set decrypted pgprot in mmap, use non-_prot vmf_insert_pfn()
> as suggested by Jason G.

IIRC, there were no blocking issues on this patch as an interim fix to
resolve the concurrent fault issues with io_remap_pfn_range().
Unfortunately it also got no Reviewed-by or Tested-by feedback. I'd
like to put this in for v5.14 (should have gone in earlier). Any final
comments? Thanks,

Alex

>
> drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c | 30 ++++++++++++++++++------------
> 1 file changed, 18 insertions(+), 12 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> index 65e7e6b44578..73e125d73640 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/pci/vfio_pci.c
> @@ -1573,6 +1573,11 @@ static int __vfio_pci_add_vma(struct vfio_pci_device *vdev,
> {
> struct vfio_pci_mmap_vma *mmap_vma;
>
> + list_for_each_entry(mmap_vma, &vdev->vma_list, vma_next) {
> + if (mmap_vma->vma == vma)
> + return 0; /* Swallow the error, the vma is tracked */
> + }
> +
> mmap_vma = kmalloc(sizeof(*mmap_vma), GFP_KERNEL);
> if (!mmap_vma)
> return -ENOMEM;
> @@ -1612,31 +1617,31 @@ static vm_fault_t vfio_pci_mmap_fault(struct vm_fault *vmf)
> {
> struct vm_area_struct *vma = vmf->vma;
> struct vfio_pci_device *vdev = vma->vm_private_data;
> - vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
> + unsigned long vaddr = vma->vm_start, pfn = vma->vm_pgoff;
> + vm_fault_t ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
>
> mutex_lock(&vdev->vma_lock);
> down_read(&vdev->memory_lock);
>
> - if (!__vfio_pci_memory_enabled(vdev)) {
> - ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
> - mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
> + if (!__vfio_pci_memory_enabled(vdev))
> goto up_out;
> +
> + for (; vaddr < vma->vm_end; vaddr += PAGE_SIZE, pfn++) {
> + ret = vmf_insert_pfn(vma, vaddr, pfn);
> + if (ret != VM_FAULT_NOPAGE) {
> + zap_vma_ptes(vma, vma->vm_start, vaddr - vma->vm_start);
> + goto up_out;
> + }
> }
>
> if (__vfio_pci_add_vma(vdev, vma)) {
> ret = VM_FAULT_OOM;
> - mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
> - goto up_out;
> + zap_vma_ptes(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start);
> }
>
> - mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
> -
> - if (io_remap_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_pgoff,
> - vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start, vma->vm_page_prot))
> - ret = VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;
> -
> up_out:
> up_read(&vdev->memory_lock);
> + mutex_unlock(&vdev->vma_lock);
> return ret;
> }
>
> @@ -1702,6 +1707,7 @@ static int vfio_pci_mmap(void *device_data, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>
> vma->vm_private_data = vdev;
> vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_noncached(vma->vm_page_prot);
> + vma->vm_page_prot = pgprot_decrypted(vma->vm_page_prot);
> vma->vm_pgoff = (pci_resource_start(pdev, index) >> PAGE_SHIFT) + pgoff;
>
> /*
>

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