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Subject[PATCH 3.16 045/148] blk-mq: fix deadlock when reading cpu_list
3.16.82-rc1 review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>

commit 60de074ba1e8f327db19bc33d8530131ac01695d upstream.

CPU hotplug handling for blk-mq (blk_mq_queue_reinit) acquires
all_q_mutex in blk_mq_queue_reinit_notify() and then removes sysfs
entries by blk_mq_sysfs_unregister(). Removing sysfs entry needs to
be blocked until the active reference of the kernfs_node to be zero.

On the other hand, reading blk_mq_hw_sysfs_cpu sysfs entry (e.g.
/sys/block/nullb0/mq/0/cpu_list) acquires all_q_mutex in
blk_mq_hw_sysfs_cpus_show().

If these happen at the same time, a deadlock can happen. Because one
can wait for the active reference to be zero with holding all_q_mutex,
and the other tries to acquire all_q_mutex with holding the active
reference.

The reason that all_q_mutex is acquired in blk_mq_hw_sysfs_cpus_show()
is to avoid reading an imcomplete hctx->cpumask. Since reading sysfs
entry for blk-mq needs to acquire q->sysfs_lock, we can avoid deadlock
and reading an imcomplete hctx->cpumask by protecting q->sysfs_lock
while hctx->cpumask is being updated.

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Ming Lei <tom.leiming@gmail.com>
Cc: Ming Lei <tom.leiming@gmail.com>
Cc: Wanpeng Li <wanpeng.li@hotmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben@decadent.org.uk>
---
block/blk-mq-sysfs.c | 4 ----
block/blk-mq.c | 7 +++++++
2 files changed, 7 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

--- a/block/blk-mq-sysfs.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq-sysfs.c
@@ -229,8 +229,6 @@ static ssize_t blk_mq_hw_sysfs_cpus_show
unsigned int i, first = 1;
ssize_t ret = 0;

- blk_mq_disable_hotplug();
-
for_each_cpu(i, hctx->cpumask) {
if (first)
ret += sprintf(ret + page, "%u", i);
@@ -240,8 +238,6 @@ static ssize_t blk_mq_hw_sysfs_cpus_show
first = 0;
}

- blk_mq_enable_hotplug();
-
ret += sprintf(ret + page, "\n");
return ret;
}
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -1645,6 +1645,11 @@ static void blk_mq_map_swqueue(struct re
struct blk_mq_ctx *ctx;
struct blk_mq_tag_set *set = q->tag_set;

+ /*
+ * Avoid others reading imcomplete hctx->cpumask through sysfs
+ */
+ mutex_lock(&q->sysfs_lock);
+
queue_for_each_hw_ctx(q, hctx, i) {
cpumask_clear(hctx->cpumask);
hctx->nr_ctx = 0;
@@ -1664,6 +1669,8 @@ static void blk_mq_map_swqueue(struct re
hctx->ctxs[hctx->nr_ctx++] = ctx;
}

+ mutex_unlock(&q->sysfs_lock);
+
queue_for_each_hw_ctx(q, hctx, i) {
/*
* If not software queues are mapped to this hardware queue,
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