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Subject[PATCHSET 00/10] perf: Improve cgroup profiling (v5)
Date
Hello,

This work is to improve cgroup profiling in perf. Currently it only
supports profiling tasks in a specific cgroup and there's no way to
identify which cgroup the current sample belongs to. So I added
PERF_SAMPLE_CGROUP to add cgroup id into each sample. It's a 64-bit
integer having file handle of the cgroup. And kernel also generates
PERF_RECORD_CGROUP event for new groups to correlate the cgroup id and
cgroup name (path in the cgroup filesystem). The cgroup id can be
read from userspace by name_to_handle_at() system call so it can
synthesize the CGROUP event for existing groups.

So why do we want this? Systems running a large number of jobs in
different cgroups want to profiling such jobs precisely. This includes
container hosting systems widely used today. Currently perf supports
namespace tracking but the systems may not use (cgroup) namespace for
their jobs. Also it'd be more intuitive to see cgroup names (as
they're given by user or sysadmin) rather than numeric
cgroup/namespace id even if they use the namespaces.

From Stephane Eranian:
> In data centers you care about attributing samples to a job not such
> much to a process. A job may have multiple processes which may come
> and go. The cgroup on the other hand stays around for the entire
> lifetime of the job. It is much easier to map a cgroup name to a
> particular job than it is to map a pid back to a job name,
> especially for offline post-processing.

Note that this only works for "perf_event" cgroups (obviously) so if
users are still using cgroup-v1 interface, they need to have same
hierarchy for subsystem(s) want to profile with it.

* Changes from v4:
- use CONFIG_CGROUP_PERF
- move cgroup tree to perf_env
- move cgroup fs utility function to tools/lib/api/fs
- use a local buffer and check its size for cgroup systhesis

* Changes from v3:
- staticize perf_event_cgroup()
- fix sample parsing test

* Changes from v2:
- remove path_len from cgroup_event
- bail out if kernel doesn't support cgroup sampling
- add some description in the Kconfig

* Changes from v1:
- use new cgroup id (= file handle)

The code is available at perf/cgroup-v5 branch in

git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/namhyung/linux-perf.git


The testing result looks something like this:

[root@qemu build]# ./perf record --all-cgroups ./cgtest
[ perf record: Woken up 1 times to write data ]
[ perf record: Captured and wrote 0.009 MB perf.data (150 samples) ]

[root@qemu build]# ./perf report -s cgroup,comm --stdio
# To display the perf.data header info, please use --header/--header-only options.
#
#
# Total Lost Samples: 0
#
# Samples: 150 of event 'cpu-clock:pppH'
# Event count (approx.): 37500000
#
# Overhead cgroup Command
# ........ .......... .......
#
32.00% /sub/cgrp2 looper2
28.00% /sub/cgrp1 looper1
25.33% /sub looper0
4.00% / cgtest
4.00% /sub cgtest
3.33% /sub/cgrp2 cgtest
2.67% /sub/cgrp1 cgtest
0.67% / looper0


The test program (cgtest) follows.

Thanks,
Namhyung


Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Li Zefan <lizefan@huawei.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com>


-------8<-----------------------------------------8<----------------
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/prctl.h>
#include <sys/mount.h>

char cgbase[] = "/sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event";

void mkcgrp(char *name) {
char buf[256];

snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s%s", cgbase, name);
if (mkdir(buf, 0755) < 0)
perror("mkdir");
}

void rmcgrp(char *name) {
char buf[256];

snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s%s", cgbase, name);
if (rmdir(buf) < 0)
perror("rmdir");
}

void setcgrp(char *name) {
char buf[256];
int fd;

snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s%s/tasks", cgbase, name);

fd = open(buf, O_WRONLY);
if (fd > 0) {
if (write(fd, "0\n", 2) != 2)
perror("write");
close(fd);
}
}

void create_sub_cgroup(int idx) {
char buf[128];

snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sub/cgrp%d", idx);
mkcgrp(buf);
}

void remove_sub_cgroup(int idx) {
char buf[128];

snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sub/cgrp%d", idx);
rmcgrp(buf);
}

void set_sub_cgroup(int idx) {
char buf[128];

snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/sub/cgrp%d", idx);
setcgrp(buf);
}

void set_task_name(int idx) {
char buf[16];

snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "looper%d", idx);
prctl(PR_SET_NAME, buf, 0, 0, 0);
}

void loop(unsigned max) {
volatile unsigned int count = 1;

while (count++ != max) {
asm volatile ("pause");
}
}

void worker(int idx, unsigned cnt, int new_ns) {
int oldns;

create_sub_cgroup(idx);
set_sub_cgroup(idx);

if (new_ns) {
if (unshare(CLONE_NEWCGROUP) < 0)
perror("unshare");

#if 0 /* FIXME */
if (unshare(CLONE_NEWNS) < 0)
perror("unshare");

if (mount("none", "/sys", NULL, MS_REMOUNT | MS_REC | MS_SLAVE, NULL) < 0)
perror("mount --make-rslave");

sleep(1);
if (umount("/sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event") < 0)
perror("umount");

if (mount("cgroup", "/sys/fs/cgroup/perf_event", "cgroup",
MS_NODEV | MS_NOEXEC | MS_NOSUID, "perf_event") < 0)
perror("mount again");
#endif
}

if (fork() == 0) {
set_task_name(idx);
loop(cnt);
exit(0);
}
wait(NULL);
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int i, nr = 2;
int new_ns = 1;
unsigned cnt = 1000000;
int fd;

if (argc > 1)
nr = atoi(argv[1]);
if (argc > 2)
cnt = atoi(argv[2]);
if (argc > 3)
new_ns = atoi(argv[3]);

mkcgrp("/sub");
setcgrp("/sub");

for (i = 0; i < nr; i++) {
if (fork() == 0) {
worker(i+1, cnt, new_ns);
exit(0);
}
}

set_task_name(0);
loop(cnt);

for (i = 0; i < nr; i++)
wait(NULL);

for (i = 0; i < nr; i++)
remove_sub_cgroup(i+1);

setcgrp("/");
rmcgrp("/sub");

return 0;
}
-------8<-----------------------------------------8<----------------


Namhyung Kim (10):
perf/core: Add PERF_RECORD_CGROUP event
perf/core: Add PERF_SAMPLE_CGROUP feature
tools lib api fs: Move cgroupsfs__mountpoint()
perf tools: Basic support for CGROUP event
perf tools: Maintain cgroup hierarchy
perf report: Add 'cgroup' sort key
perf record: Support synthesizing cgroup events
perf record: Add --all-cgroups option
perf top: Add --all-cgroups option
perf script: Add --show-cgroup-events option

include/linux/perf_event.h | 1 +
include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h | 16 ++-
init/Kconfig | 3 +-
kernel/events/core.c | 133 ++++++++++++++++++++
tools/include/uapi/linux/perf_event.h | 16 ++-
tools/lib/api/fs/Build | 1 +
tools/lib/api/fs/cgroup.c | 67 ++++++++++
tools/lib/api/fs/fs.h | 2 +
tools/lib/perf/include/perf/event.h | 7 ++
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-record.txt | 5 +-
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-report.txt | 1 +
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt | 3 +
tools/perf/Documentation/perf-top.txt | 4 +
tools/perf/builtin-diff.c | 1 +
tools/perf/builtin-record.c | 10 ++
tools/perf/builtin-report.c | 1 +
tools/perf/builtin-script.c | 41 +++++++
tools/perf/builtin-top.c | 9 ++
tools/perf/tests/sample-parsing.c | 6 +-
tools/perf/util/cgroup.c | 143 +++++++++++++---------
tools/perf/util/cgroup.h | 18 ++-
tools/perf/util/env.c | 2 +
tools/perf/util/env.h | 6 +
tools/perf/util/event.c | 19 +++
tools/perf/util/event.h | 6 +
tools/perf/util/evsel.c | 17 ++-
tools/perf/util/evsel.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/hist.c | 12 ++
tools/perf/util/hist.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/machine.c | 19 +++
tools/perf/util/machine.h | 3 +
tools/perf/util/perf_event_attr_fprintf.c | 2 +
tools/perf/util/record.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/session.c | 4 +
tools/perf/util/sort.c | 37 ++++++
tools/perf/util/sort.h | 2 +
tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.c | 121 ++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/tool.h | 2 +
39 files changed, 671 insertions(+), 73 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 tools/lib/api/fs/cgroup.c

--
2.25.0.265.gbab2e86ba0-goog

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