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Subject[PATCH 07/10] perf record: Support synthesizing cgroup events
Date
Synthesize cgroup events by iterating cgroup filesystem directories.
The cgroup event only saves the portion of cgroup path after the mount
point and the cgroup id (which actually is a file handle).

Signed-off-by: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
---
tools/perf/builtin-record.c | 5 ++
tools/perf/util/cgroup.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/event.c | 1 +
tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.c | 113 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.h | 1 +
tools/perf/util/tool.h | 1 +
6 files changed, 122 insertions(+)

diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
index 4c301466101b..2802de9538ff 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-record.c
@@ -1397,6 +1397,11 @@ static int record__synthesize(struct record *rec, bool tail)
if (err < 0)
pr_warning("Couldn't synthesize bpf events.\n");

+ err = perf_event__synthesize_cgroups(tool, process_synthesized_event,
+ machine);
+ if (err < 0)
+ pr_warning("Couldn't synthesize cgroup events.\n");
+
err = __machine__synthesize_threads(machine, tool, &opts->target, rec->evlist->core.threads,
process_synthesized_event, opts->sample_address,
1);
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/cgroup.h b/tools/perf/util/cgroup.h
index e98d5975fe55..8337ec452c66 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/cgroup.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/cgroup.h
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@ struct cgroup {

extern int nr_cgroups; /* number of explicit cgroups defined */

+int cgroupfs_find_mountpoint(char *buf, size_t maxlen);
struct cgroup *cgroup__get(struct cgroup *cgroup);
void cgroup__put(struct cgroup *cgroup);

diff --git a/tools/perf/util/event.c b/tools/perf/util/event.c
index 824c038e5c33..28801c867f39 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/event.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/event.c
@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@
#include "bpf-event.h"
#include "tool.h"
#include "../perf.h"
+#include "cgroup.h"

static const char *perf_event__names[] = {
[0] = "TOTAL",
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.c b/tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.c
index cd336eb8886b..e826ccad1ebd 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.c
@@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
#include "util/synthetic-events.h"
#include "util/target.h"
#include "util/time-utils.h"
+#include "util/cgroup.h"
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
@@ -413,6 +414,118 @@ int perf_event__synthesize_mmap_events(struct perf_tool *tool,
return rc;
}

+static int perf_event__synthesize_cgroup(struct perf_tool *tool,
+ union perf_event *event,
+ char *path, size_t mount_len,
+ perf_event__handler_t process,
+ struct machine *machine)
+{
+ size_t event_size = sizeof(event->cgroup) - sizeof(event->cgroup.path);
+ size_t path_len = strlen(path) - mount_len + 1;
+ struct {
+ struct file_handle fh;
+ uint64_t cgroup_id;
+ } handle;
+ int mount_id;
+
+ while (path_len % sizeof(u64))
+ path[mount_len + path_len++] = '\0';
+
+ memset(&event->cgroup, 0, event_size);
+
+ event->cgroup.header.type = PERF_RECORD_CGROUP;
+ event->cgroup.header.size = event_size + path_len + machine->id_hdr_size;
+
+ handle.fh.handle_bytes = sizeof(handle.cgroup_id);
+ if (name_to_handle_at(AT_FDCWD, path, &handle.fh, &mount_id, 0) < 0) {
+ pr_debug("stat failed: %s\n", path);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ event->cgroup.id = handle.cgroup_id;
+ strncpy(event->cgroup.path, path + mount_len, path_len);
+ memset(event->cgroup.path + path_len, 0, machine->id_hdr_size);
+
+ if (perf_tool__process_synth_event(tool, event, machine, process) < 0) {
+ pr_debug("process synth event failed\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int perf_event__walk_cgroup_tree(struct perf_tool *tool,
+ union perf_event *event,
+ char *path, size_t mount_len,
+ perf_event__handler_t process,
+ struct machine *machine)
+{
+ size_t pos = strlen(path);
+ DIR *d;
+ struct dirent *dent;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if (perf_event__synthesize_cgroup(tool, event, path, mount_len,
+ process, machine) < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ d = opendir(path);
+ if (d == NULL) {
+ pr_debug("failed to open directory: %s\n", path);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ while ((dent = readdir(d)) != NULL) {
+ if (dent->d_type != DT_DIR)
+ continue;
+ if (!strcmp(dent->d_name, ".") ||
+ !strcmp(dent->d_name, ".."))
+ continue;
+
+ /* any sane path should be less than PATH_MAX */
+ if (strlen(path) + strlen(dent->d_name) + 1 >= PATH_MAX)
+ continue;
+
+ if (path[pos - 1] != '/')
+ strcat(path, "/");
+ strcat(path, dent->d_name);
+
+ ret = perf_event__walk_cgroup_tree(tool, event, path,
+ mount_len, process, machine);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ break;
+
+ path[pos] = '\0';
+ }
+
+ closedir(d);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int perf_event__synthesize_cgroups(struct perf_tool *tool,
+ perf_event__handler_t process,
+ struct machine *machine)
+{
+ union perf_event event;
+ char cgrp_root[PATH_MAX];
+ size_t mount_len; /* length of mount point in the path */
+
+ if (cgroupfs__mountpoint(cgrp_root, PATH_MAX, "perf_event") < 0) {
+ pr_debug("cannot find cgroup mount point\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ mount_len = strlen(cgrp_root);
+ /* make sure the path starts with a slash (after mount point) */
+ strcat(cgrp_root, "/");
+
+ if (perf_event__walk_cgroup_tree(tool, &event, cgrp_root, mount_len,
+ process, machine) < 0)
+ return -1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
int perf_event__synthesize_modules(struct perf_tool *tool, perf_event__handler_t process,
struct machine *machine)
{
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.h b/tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.h
index baead0cdc381..e7a3e9589738 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/synthetic-events.h
@@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ int perf_event__synthesize_kernel_mmap(struct perf_tool *tool, perf_event__handl
int perf_event__synthesize_mmap_events(struct perf_tool *tool, union perf_event *event, pid_t pid, pid_t tgid, perf_event__handler_t process, struct machine *machine, bool mmap_data);
int perf_event__synthesize_modules(struct perf_tool *tool, perf_event__handler_t process, struct machine *machine);
int perf_event__synthesize_namespaces(struct perf_tool *tool, union perf_event *event, pid_t pid, pid_t tgid, perf_event__handler_t process, struct machine *machine);
+int perf_event__synthesize_cgroups(struct perf_tool *tool, perf_event__handler_t process, struct machine *machine);
int perf_event__synthesize_sample(union perf_event *event, u64 type, u64 read_format, const struct perf_sample *sample);
int perf_event__synthesize_stat_config(struct perf_tool *tool, struct perf_stat_config *config, perf_event__handler_t process, struct machine *machine);
int perf_event__synthesize_stat_events(struct perf_stat_config *config, struct perf_tool *tool, struct evlist *evlist, perf_event__handler_t process, bool attrs);
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/tool.h b/tools/perf/util/tool.h
index 472ef5eb4068..3fb67bd31e4a 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/tool.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/tool.h
@@ -79,6 +79,7 @@ struct perf_tool {
bool ordered_events;
bool ordering_requires_timestamps;
bool namespace_events;
+ bool cgroup_events;
bool no_warn;
enum show_feature_header show_feat_hdr;
};
--
2.25.0.265.gbab2e86ba0-goog
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