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Subject[PATCH v4 02/22] iommu: Introduce device fault data
Date
Device faults detected by IOMMU can be reported outside the IOMMU
subsystem for further processing. This patch introduces
a generic device fault data structure.

The fault can be either an unrecoverable fault or a page request,
also referred to as a recoverable fault.

We only care about non internal faults that are likely to be reported
to an external subsystem.

Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe.brucker@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Liu, Yi L <yi.l.liu@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
---
include/linux/iommu.h | 44 +++++++++++++++++
include/uapi/linux/iommu.h | 118 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 162 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/iommu.h

diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
index a815cf6..7890a92 100644
--- a/include/linux/iommu.h
+++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/iommu.h>

#define IOMMU_READ (1 << 0)
#define IOMMU_WRITE (1 << 1)
@@ -49,6 +50,7 @@ struct device;
struct iommu_domain;
struct notifier_block;
struct iommu_sva;
+struct iommu_fault_event;

/* iommu fault flags */
#define IOMMU_FAULT_READ 0x0
@@ -58,6 +60,7 @@ typedef int (*iommu_fault_handler_t)(struct iommu_domain *,
struct device *, unsigned long, int, void *);
typedef int (*iommu_mm_exit_handler_t)(struct device *dev, struct iommu_sva *,
void *);
+typedef int (*iommu_dev_fault_handler_t)(struct iommu_fault_event *, void *);

struct iommu_domain_geometry {
dma_addr_t aperture_start; /* First address that can be mapped */
@@ -301,6 +304,46 @@ struct iommu_device {
struct device *dev;
};

+/**
+ * struct iommu_fault_event - Generic fault event
+ *
+ * Can represent recoverable faults such as a page requests or
+ * unrecoverable faults such as DMA or IRQ remapping faults.
+ *
+ * @fault: fault descriptor
+ * @iommu_private: used by the IOMMU driver for storing fault-specific
+ * data. Users should not modify this field before
+ * sending the fault response.
+ */
+struct iommu_fault_event {
+ struct iommu_fault fault;
+ u64 iommu_private;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct iommu_fault_param - per-device IOMMU fault data
+ * @dev_fault_handler: Callback function to handle IOMMU faults at device level
+ * @data: handler private data
+ *
+ */
+struct iommu_fault_param {
+ iommu_dev_fault_handler_t handler;
+ void *data;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct iommu_param - collection of per-device IOMMU data
+ *
+ * @fault_param: IOMMU detected device fault reporting data
+ *
+ * TODO: migrate other per device data pointers under iommu_dev_data, e.g.
+ * struct iommu_group *iommu_group;
+ * struct iommu_fwspec *iommu_fwspec;
+ */
+struct iommu_param {
+ struct iommu_fault_param *fault_param;
+};
+
int iommu_device_register(struct iommu_device *iommu);
void iommu_device_unregister(struct iommu_device *iommu);
int iommu_device_sysfs_add(struct iommu_device *iommu,
@@ -504,6 +547,7 @@ struct iommu_ops {};
struct iommu_group {};
struct iommu_fwspec {};
struct iommu_device {};
+struct iommu_fault_param {};

static inline bool iommu_present(struct bus_type *bus)
{
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h b/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..aaa3b6a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h
@@ -0,0 +1,118 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
+/*
+ * IOMMU user API definitions
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_IOMMU_H
+#define _UAPI_IOMMU_H
+
+#include <linux/types.h>
+
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_READ (1 << 0) /* read */
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_WRITE (1 << 1) /* write */
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_EXEC (1 << 2) /* exec */
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_PRIV (1 << 3) /* privileged */
+
+/* Generic fault types, can be expanded IRQ remapping fault */
+enum iommu_fault_type {
+ IOMMU_FAULT_DMA_UNRECOV = 1, /* unrecoverable fault */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ, /* page request fault */
+};
+
+enum iommu_fault_reason {
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_UNKNOWN = 0,
+
+ /* Could not access the PASID table (fetch caused external abort) */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_PASID_FETCH,
+
+ /* PASID entry is invalid or has configuration errors */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_BAD_PASID_ENTRY,
+
+ /*
+ * PASID is out of range (e.g. exceeds the maximum PASID
+ * supported by the IOMMU) or disabled.
+ */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_PASID_INVALID,
+
+ /*
+ * An external abort occurred fetching (or updating) a translation
+ * table descriptor
+ */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_WALK_EABT,
+
+ /*
+ * Could not access the page table entry (Bad address),
+ * actual translation fault
+ */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_PTE_FETCH,
+
+ /* Protection flag check failed */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_PERMISSION,
+
+ /* access flag check failed */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_ACCESS,
+
+ /* Output address of a translation stage caused Address Size fault */
+ IOMMU_FAULT_REASON_OOR_ADDRESS,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct iommu_fault_unrecoverable - Unrecoverable fault data
+ * @reason: reason of the fault, from &enum iommu_fault_reason
+ * @flags: parameters of this fault (IOMMU_FAULT_UNRECOV_* values)
+ * @pasid: Process Address Space ID
+ * @perm: Requested permission access using by the incoming transaction
+ * (IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_* values)
+ * @addr: offending page address
+ * @fetch_addr: address that caused a fetch abort, if any
+ */
+struct iommu_fault_unrecoverable {
+ __u32 reason;
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_UNRECOV_PASID_VALID (1 << 0)
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_UNRECOV_ADDR_VALID (1 << 1)
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_UNRECOV_FETCH_ADDR_VALID (1 << 2)
+ __u32 flags;
+ __u32 pasid;
+ __u32 perm;
+ __u64 addr;
+ __u64 fetch_addr;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct iommu_fault_page_request - Page Request data
+ * @flags: encodes whether the corresponding fields are valid and whether this
+ * is the last page in group (IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_* values)
+ * @pasid: Process Address Space ID
+ * @grpid: Page Request Group Index
+ * @perm: requested page permissions (IOMMU_FAULT_PERM_* values)
+ * @addr: page address
+ * @private_data: device-specific private information
+ */
+struct iommu_fault_page_request {
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_PASID_VALID (1 << 0)
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_LAST_PAGE (1 << 1)
+#define IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQUEST_PRIV_DATA (1 << 2)
+ __u32 flags;
+ __u32 pasid;
+ __u32 grpid;
+ __u32 perm;
+ __u64 addr;
+ __u64 private_data[2];
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct iommu_fault - Generic fault data
+ * @type: fault type from &enum iommu_fault_type
+ * @padding: reserved for future use (should be zero)
+ * @event: Fault event, when @type is %IOMMU_FAULT_DMA_UNRECOV
+ * @prm: Page Request message, when @type is %IOMMU_FAULT_PAGE_REQ
+ */
+struct iommu_fault {
+ __u32 type;
+ __u32 padding;
+ union {
+ struct iommu_fault_unrecoverable event;
+ struct iommu_fault_page_request prm;
+ };
+};
+#endif /* _UAPI_IOMMU_H */
--
2.7.4
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