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Subject[RFC][PATCH 5/5] x86/atomic: Fix smp_mb__{before,after}_atomic()
Recent probing at the Linux Kernel Memory Model uncovered a
'surprise'. Strongly ordered architectures where the atomic RmW
primitive implies full memory ordering and
smp_mb__{before,after}_atomic() are a simple barrier() (such as x86)
fail for:

*x = 1;
atomic_inc(u);
smp_mb__after_atomic();
r0 = *y;

Because, while the atomic_inc() implies memory order, it
(surprisingly) does not provide a compiler barrier. This then allows
the compiler to re-order like so:

atomic_inc(u);
*x = 1;
smp_mb__after_atomic();
r0 = *y;

Which the CPU is then allowed to re-order (under TSO rules) like:

atomic_inc(u);
r0 = *y;
*x = 1;

And this very much was not intended. Therefore strengthen the atomic
RmW ops to include a compiler barrier.

NOTE: atomic_{or,and,xor} and the bitops already had the compiler
barrier.

Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
---
Documentation/atomic_t.txt | 3 +++
arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h | 8 ++++----
arch/x86/include/asm/atomic64_64.h | 8 ++++----
arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h | 4 ++--
4 files changed, 13 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

--- a/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
+++ b/Documentation/atomic_t.txt
@@ -194,6 +194,9 @@ These helper barriers exist because arch
ordering on their SMP atomic primitives. For example our TSO architectures
provide full ordered atomics and these barriers are no-ops.

+NOTE: when the atomic RmW ops are fully ordered, they should also imply a
+compiler barrier.
+
Thus:

atomic_fetch_add();
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic.h
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_
{
asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "addl %1,%0"
: "+m" (v->counter)
- : "ir" (i));
+ : "ir" (i) : "memory");
}

/**
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_
{
asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "subl %1,%0"
: "+m" (v->counter)
- : "ir" (i));
+ : "ir" (i) : "memory");
}

/**
@@ -95,7 +95,7 @@ static __always_inline bool arch_atomic_
static __always_inline void arch_atomic_inc(atomic_t *v)
{
asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "incl %0"
- : "+m" (v->counter));
+ : "+m" (v->counter) :: "memory");
}
#define arch_atomic_inc arch_atomic_inc

@@ -108,7 +108,7 @@ static __always_inline void arch_atomic_
static __always_inline void arch_atomic_dec(atomic_t *v)
{
asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "decl %0"
- : "+m" (v->counter));
+ : "+m" (v->counter) :: "memory");
}
#define arch_atomic_dec arch_atomic_dec

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic64_64.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/atomic64_64.h
@@ -45,7 +45,7 @@ static __always_inline void arch_atomic6
{
asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "addq %1,%0"
: "=m" (v->counter)
- : "er" (i), "m" (v->counter));
+ : "er" (i), "m" (v->counter) : "memory");
}

/**
@@ -59,7 +59,7 @@ static inline void arch_atomic64_sub(lon
{
asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "subq %1,%0"
: "=m" (v->counter)
- : "er" (i), "m" (v->counter));
+ : "er" (i), "m" (v->counter) : "memory");
}

/**
@@ -87,7 +87,7 @@ static __always_inline void arch_atomic6
{
asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "incq %0"
: "=m" (v->counter)
- : "m" (v->counter));
+ : "m" (v->counter) : "memory");
}
#define arch_atomic64_inc arch_atomic64_inc

@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ static __always_inline void arch_atomic6
{
asm volatile(LOCK_PREFIX "decq %0"
: "=m" (v->counter)
- : "m" (v->counter));
+ : "m" (v->counter) : "memory");
}
#define arch_atomic64_dec arch_atomic64_dec

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -80,8 +80,8 @@ do { \
})

/* Atomic operations are already serializing on x86 */
-#define __smp_mb__before_atomic() barrier()
-#define __smp_mb__after_atomic() barrier()
+#define __smp_mb__before_atomic() do { } while (0)
+#define __smp_mb__after_atomic() do { } while (0)

#include <asm-generic/barrier.h>


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