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Subject[PATCH 4.9 060/101] bpf: Prevent memory disambiguation attack
Date
4.9-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>

commit af86ca4e3088fe5eacf2f7e58c01fa68ca067672 upstream.

Detect code patterns where malicious 'speculative store bypass' can be used
and sanitize such patterns.

39: (bf) r3 = r10
40: (07) r3 += -216
41: (79) r8 = *(u64 *)(r7 +0) // slow read
42: (7a) *(u64 *)(r10 -72) = 0 // verifier inserts this instruction
43: (7b) *(u64 *)(r8 +0) = r3 // this store becomes slow due to r8
44: (79) r1 = *(u64 *)(r6 +0) // cpu speculatively executes this load
45: (71) r2 = *(u8 *)(r1 +0) // speculatively arbitrary 'load byte'
// is now sanitized

Above code after x86 JIT becomes:
e5: mov %rbp,%rdx
e8: add $0xffffffffffffff28,%rdx
ef: mov 0x0(%r13),%r14
f3: movq $0x0,-0x48(%rbp)
fb: mov %rdx,0x0(%r14)
ff: mov 0x0(%rbx),%rdi
103: movzbq 0x0(%rdi),%rsi

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
[bwh: Backported to 4.9:
- Add bpf_verifier_env parameter to check_stack_write()
- Look up stack slot_types with state->stack_slot_type[] rather than
state->stack[].slot_type[]
- Drop bpf_verifier_env argument to verbose()
- Adjust context]
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
---
include/linux/bpf_verifier.h | 1
kernel/bpf/verifier.c | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
2 files changed, 59 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h
+++ b/include/linux/bpf_verifier.h
@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ struct bpf_insn_aux_data {
enum bpf_reg_type ptr_type; /* pointer type for load/store insns */
struct bpf_map *map_ptr; /* pointer for call insn into lookup_elem */
};
+ int sanitize_stack_off; /* stack slot to be cleared */
bool seen; /* this insn was processed by the verifier */
};

--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -540,8 +540,9 @@ static bool is_spillable_regtype(enum bp
/* check_stack_read/write functions track spill/fill of registers,
* stack boundary and alignment are checked in check_mem_access()
*/
-static int check_stack_write(struct bpf_verifier_state *state, int off,
- int size, int value_regno)
+static int check_stack_write(struct bpf_verifier_env *env,
+ struct bpf_verifier_state *state, int off,
+ int size, int value_regno, int insn_idx)
{
int i, spi = (MAX_BPF_STACK + off) / BPF_REG_SIZE;
/* caller checked that off % size == 0 and -MAX_BPF_STACK <= off < 0,
@@ -560,8 +561,32 @@ static int check_stack_write(struct bpf_
/* save register state */
state->spilled_regs[spi] = state->regs[value_regno];

- for (i = 0; i < BPF_REG_SIZE; i++)
+ for (i = 0; i < BPF_REG_SIZE; i++) {
+ if (state->stack_slot_type[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i] == STACK_MISC &&
+ !env->allow_ptr_leaks) {
+ int *poff = &env->insn_aux_data[insn_idx].sanitize_stack_off;
+ int soff = (-spi - 1) * BPF_REG_SIZE;
+
+ /* detected reuse of integer stack slot with a pointer
+ * which means either llvm is reusing stack slot or
+ * an attacker is trying to exploit CVE-2018-3639
+ * (speculative store bypass)
+ * Have to sanitize that slot with preemptive
+ * store of zero.
+ */
+ if (*poff && *poff != soff) {
+ /* disallow programs where single insn stores
+ * into two different stack slots, since verifier
+ * cannot sanitize them
+ */
+ verbose("insn %d cannot access two stack slots fp%d and fp%d",
+ insn_idx, *poff, soff);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+ *poff = soff;
+ }
state->stack_slot_type[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i] = STACK_SPILL;
+ }
} else {
/* regular write of data into stack */
state->spilled_regs[spi] = (struct bpf_reg_state) {};
@@ -841,7 +866,8 @@ static int check_mem_access(struct bpf_v
verbose("attempt to corrupt spilled pointer on stack\n");
return -EACCES;
}
- err = check_stack_write(state, off, size, value_regno);
+ err = check_stack_write(env, state, off, size,
+ value_regno, insn_idx);
} else {
err = check_stack_read(state, off, size, value_regno);
}
@@ -3367,6 +3393,34 @@ static int convert_ctx_accesses(struct b
else
continue;

+ if (type == BPF_WRITE &&
+ env->insn_aux_data[i + delta].sanitize_stack_off) {
+ struct bpf_insn patch[] = {
+ /* Sanitize suspicious stack slot with zero.
+ * There are no memory dependencies for this store,
+ * since it's only using frame pointer and immediate
+ * constant of zero
+ */
+ BPF_ST_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_FP,
+ env->insn_aux_data[i + delta].sanitize_stack_off,
+ 0),
+ /* the original STX instruction will immediately
+ * overwrite the same stack slot with appropriate value
+ */
+ *insn,
+ };
+
+ cnt = ARRAY_SIZE(patch);
+ new_prog = bpf_patch_insn_data(env, i + delta, patch, cnt);
+ if (!new_prog)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ delta += cnt - 1;
+ env->prog = new_prog;
+ insn = new_prog->insnsi + i + delta;
+ continue;
+ }
+
if (env->insn_aux_data[i + delta].ptr_type != PTR_TO_CTX)
continue;


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