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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/9] Allow persistent memory to be used like normal RAM
On Mon, Oct 22, 2018 at 1:18 PM Dave Hansen <> wrote:
> Persistent memory is cool. But, currently, you have to rewrite
> your applications to use it. Wouldn't it be cool if you could
> just have it show up in your system like normal RAM and get to
> it like a slow blob of memory? Well... have I got the patch
> series for you!
> This series adds a new "driver" to which pmem devices can be
> attached. Once attached, the memory "owned" by the device is
> hot-added to the kernel and managed like any other memory. On
> systems with an HMAT (a new ACPI table), each socket (roughly)
> will have a separate NUMA node for its persistent memory so
> this newly-added memory can be selected by its unique NUMA
> node.
> This is highly RFC, and I really want the feedback from the
> nvdimm/pmem folks about whether this is a viable long-term
> perversion of their code and device mode. It's insufficiently
> documented and probably not bisectable either.
> Todo:
> 1. The device re-binding hacks are ham-fisted at best. We
> need a better way of doing this, especially so the kmem
> driver does not get in the way of normal pmem devices.
> 2. When the device has no proper node, we default it to
> NUMA node 0. Is that OK?
> 3. We muck with the 'struct resource' code quite a bit. It
> definitely needs a once-over from folks more familiar
> with it than I.
> 4. Is there a better way to do this than starting with a
> copy of pmem.c?

So I don't think we want to do patch 2, 3, or 5. Just jump to patch 7
and remove all the devm_memremap_pages() infrastructure and dax_region

The driver should be a dead simple turn around to call add_memory()
for the passed in range. The hard part is, as you say, arranging for
the kmem driver to not stand in the way of typical range / device
claims by the dax_pmem device.

To me this looks like teaching the nvdimm-bus and this dax_kmem driver
to require explicit matching based on 'id'. The attachment scheme
would look like this:

modprobe dax_kmem
echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/nd/drivers/dax_kmem/new_id
echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/nd/drivers/dax_pmem/unbind
echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/nd/drivers/dax_kmem/bind

At step1 the dax_kmem drivers will match no devices and stays out of
the way of dax_pmem. It learns about devices it cares about by being
explicitly told about them. Then unbind from the typical dax_pmem
driver and attach to dax_kmem to perform the one way hotplug.

I expect udev can automate this by setting up a rule to watch for
device-dax instances by UUID and call a script to do the detach /
reattach dance.

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