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SubjectRE: [PATCH 0/9] Allow persistent memory to be used like normal RAM

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Linux-nvdimm [] On Behalf Of Dan Williams
> Sent: Monday, October 22, 2018 8:05 PM
> Subject: Re: [PATCH 0/9] Allow persistent memory to be used like normal RAM
> On Mon, Oct 22, 2018 at 1:18 PM Dave Hansen <> wrote:
> This series adds a new "driver" to which pmem devices can be
> attached. Once attached, the memory "owned" by the device is
> hot-added to the kernel and managed like any other memory. On

Would this memory be considered volatile (with the driver initializing
it to zeros), or persistent (contents are presented unchanged,
applications may guarantee persistence by using cache flush
instructions, fence instructions, and writing to flush hint addresses
per the persistent memory programming model)?

> > 1. The device re-binding hacks are ham-fisted at best. We
> > need a better way of doing this, especially so the kmem
> > driver does not get in the way of normal pmem devices.
> To me this looks like teaching the nvdimm-bus and this dax_kmem driver
> to require explicit matching based on 'id'. The attachment scheme
> would look like this:
> modprobe dax_kmem
> echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/nd/drivers/dax_kmem/new_id
> echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/nd/drivers/dax_pmem/unbind
> echo dax0.0 > /sys/bus/nd/drivers/dax_kmem/bind
> At step1 the dax_kmem drivers will match no devices and stays out of
> the way of dax_pmem. It learns about devices it cares about by being
> explicitly told about them. Then unbind from the typical dax_pmem
> driver and attach to dax_kmem to perform the one way hotplug.
> I expect udev can automate this by setting up a rule to watch for
> device-dax instances by UUID and call a script to do the detach /
> reattach dance.

Where would that rule be stored? Storing it on another device
is problematic. If that rule is lost, it could confuse other
drivers trying to grab device DAX devices for use as persistent

A new namespace mode would record the intended usage in the
device itself, eliminating dependencies. It could join the
other modes like:

ndctl create-namespace -m raw
create /dev/pmem4 block device
ndctl create-namespace -m sector
create /dev/pmem4s block device
ndctl create-namespace -m fsdax
create /dev/pmem4 block device
ndctl create-namespace -m devdax
create /dev/dax4.3 character device
for use as persistent memory
ndctl create-namespace -m mem
create /dev/mem4.3 character device
for use as volatile memory

Robert Elliott, HPE Persistent Memory

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