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Subject64-syscall args on 32-bit vs syscall()
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Hoy there !

This may have been discussed earlier (I have some vague memories...) but
I just hit a problem with that again (Mark: hint, it's in hdparm's
fallocate) so I'd like a bit of a refresh here on what is the "right
thing" to do...

So some syscalls want a 64-bit argument. Let's take fallocate() as our
example. So we already know that we have to be extra careful since some
32-bit arch will pass this into 2 registers (or stack slots) which need
to be aligned, and so we tend to already take care of making sure that
the said 64-bit argument is either defined as 2x32-bit arguments, or
defined as 1x64 bit argument aligned to 2x32-bit in the argument list.

So far so good...

The problem is when user space tries to use the same trick for calling
those functions using glibc-provided syscall() function. In this
example, hdparm does:

err = syscall(SYS_fallocate, fd, mode, offset, len);

With "offset" being a 64-bit argument.

This will break because the first argument to syscall now shifts
everything by one register, which breaks the register pair alignment
(and I suppose archs with stack based calling convention can have
similar alignment issues even if x86 doesn't).

Ulrich, Steven, shouldn't we have glibc's syscall() take a long long as
it's first argument to correct that ? Either that or making it some kind
of macro wrapper around a __syscall(int dummy, int sysno, ...) ?

As it is, any 32-bit app using syscall() on any of the syscalls that
takes 64-bit arguments will be broken, unless the app itself breaks up
the argument, but the the order of the hi and lo part is different
between BE and LE architectures ;-)

So is there a more "correct" solution than another here ? Should powerpc
glibc be fixed at least so that syscall() keeps the alignment ?

Cheers,
Ben.




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