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SubjectRe: 64-syscall args on 32-bit vs syscall()
On Mon, Mar 15, 2010 at 04:18:33PM +1100, Benjamin Herrenschmidt wrote:

> On Sun, 2010-03-14 at 22:06 -0700, David Miller wrote:
> > From: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
> > Date: Mon, 15 Mar 2010 15:48:13 +1100
> >
> > > As it is, any 32-bit app using syscall() on any of the syscalls that
> > > takes 64-bit arguments will be broken, unless the app itself breaks up
> > > the argument, but the the order of the hi and lo part is different
> > > between BE and LE architectures ;-)
> >
> > I think it is even different on the same endian architectures,
> > f.e. mips I think.

MIPS passes arguments in the endian order that is low/high for little
endian rsp high/low for big endian.

> > There is no way to do this without some arch specific code
> > to handle things properly, really.
>
> Right, but to what extent ? IE. do we always need the callers using
> syscall() directly to know it all, or can we to some extent handle some
> of it inside glibc ?
>
> For example, if powerpc glibc is fixed so that syscall() takes a 64-bit
> first argument (or calls via some macro to add a dummy 32-bit argument),
> the register alignment will be preserved, and things will work just
> fine.
>
> IE. It may not fix all problems with all archs, but in this case, it
> will fix the common cases for powerpc at least :-) And any other arch
> that has the exact same alignment problem.
>
> Or is there any good reason -not- to do that in glibc ?

Syscall is most often used for new syscalls that have no syscall stub in
glibc yet, so the user of syscall() encodes this ABI knowledge. If at a
later stage syscall() is changed to have this sort of knowledge we break
the API. This is something only the kernel can get right.

Ralf


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