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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Make PFN_PHYS return a properly-formed physical address
Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Thu, 07 Aug 2008 14:38:08 -0700
> Jeremy Fitzhardinge <> wrote:
>> PFN_PHYS, as its name suggests, turns a pfn into a physical address.
>> However, it is a macro which just operates on its argument without
>> modifying its type. pfns are typed unsigned long, but an unsigned
>> long may not be long enough to hold a physical address (32-bit systems
>> with more than 32 bits of physcial address). This means that the
>> resulting address could be truncated if it doesn't fit within an
>> unsigned long. This isn't generally a problem because most users end
>> up using it for "low" memory, but there's no reason why PFN_PHYS
>> couldn't be used for any possible pfn.
> Please copy a mailing list on patches. So you can get your titties
> toasted off ;)

Oops. Forgot.

>> Fortunately, resource_size_t is the right size, and has approximately
>> the right meaning. It's 64-bits on platforms where that's
>> appropriate, but 32-bits where the extra bits are not needed.
> aww maaan. Hack or what?

I don't know. Is it? It's what linux/ioport.h:struct resource uses to
hold "start" and "end", which presumably means its intended to hold
arbitrary physical addresses.

>> #define PFN_ALIGN(x) (((unsigned long)(x) + (PAGE_SIZE - 1)) & PAGE_MASK)
>> #define PFN_UP(x) (((x) + PAGE_SIZE-1) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
>> #define PFN_DOWN(x) ((x) >> PAGE_SHIFT)
>> -#define PFN_PHYS(x) ((x) << PAGE_SHIFT)
>> +#define PFN_PHYS(x) ((resource_size_t)(x) << PAGE_SHIFT)
> Busted on PAE with CONFIG_RESOURCES_64BIT=n, surely?

Not an option:

config X86_PAE
def_bool n
prompt "PAE (Physical Address Extension) Support"
depends on X86_32 && !HIGHMEM4G

And if you don't enable RESOURCES_64BIT, then I guess it's reasonable
for PFN_PHYS to discount the possibility of high pages?

> Can we please do this properly, whatever that is? Even a dumb
> always-return-u64 would be better?

I had that originally, but someone (hpa?) suggested resource_size_t.
The sad thing is that most users don't really care; they're either
64-bit anyway, or immediately truncate the result to 32-bit.

"Properly" would be to define a phys_addr_t which can always represent a
physical address. We have one in x86-land, but I hesitate to add it for
everyone else.

>> printk("initrd extends beyond end of memory "
>> - "(0x%08lx > 0x%08lx)\ndisabling initrd\n",
>> + "(0x%08lx > 0x%08llx)\ndisabling initrd\n",
>> PFN_PHYS(max_low_pfn));
> that'll generate a compile warning if m32r can set CONFIG_RESOURCES_64BIT=n.

(u64) cast, I guess.


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