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Subjectsetitimer timer expires too early
Hello


I wrote a program which uses setitimer to implement a usleep() equivalent.

The setitimer man page states:

"
Timers will never expire before the requested time, instead
expiring some short, constant time afterwards, dependent on the system
timer resolution (currently 10ms).
"

I think that the current implementation of setitimer() (or something
related) is broken.

Or may be I use setitimer() in the wrong way!?

You will find the program below, and also some results under kernels
2.4.20 and 2.6.11.7 (both SuSE) on a x86 32bits PC.

I also tested it under MacOS X.3 and SunOS 5.8, and unter these OS all
is OK!


Each line represents one dectected problem with the format:
specified_delay real_delay

("problem" means real_delay < specified_delay )

As you can see, there is a bunch of premature timer expirations.

There seems also to give a kind of pattern:

For kernel 2.6, timers between
"n" ms - 300 us and "n" ms expire too early
For kernel 2.4, timers between
10*"n" ms - 600 us and 10*"n" ms expire too early

(with n integer)

Anyone have an idea?
Can you reproduce that?


Furthermore, the man page is not up-to-date about the the timer
resolution IMHA.
2.6 provides 1ms resolution for x86 (and what about other platforms?).

Do you know here can I find the maintainer?


Best regards

Olivier




#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>





typedef unsigned long long int u_time_t; /* in microsecs */

static int handler_flag;

u_time_t gettime(void ) {

struct timeval tv;

if ( gettimeofday(&tv, NULL) ) {
perror("gettimeofday()");
return 0;
}

return (tv.tv_usec + tv.tv_sec * 1000000LL);
}


static void my_dummy_handler (int sig, siginfo_t *siginfo,
void *context) {
handler_flag++;
return ;
}


int isleep(u_time_t time, int return_on_any_signal) {
struct itimerval newtv;

sigset_t sigset;
struct sigaction sigact;

if ( time == 0)
return 0;

/* block SIGALRM */

sigemptyset (&sigset);
sigaddset (&sigset, SIGALRM);
sigprocmask (SIG_BLOCK, &sigset, NULL);

/* set up our handler */
sigact.sa_sigaction = my_dummy_handler;
sigemptyset(&sigact.sa_mask);
sigact.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
sigaction (SIGALRM, &sigact, NULL);

newtv.it_interval.tv_sec = 0;
newtv.it_interval.tv_usec = 0;
newtv.it_value.tv_sec = time / 1000000;
newtv.it_value.tv_usec = time % 1000000;

if ( setitimer(ITIMER_REAL,&newtv,NULL) < 0 ) {
perror("setitimer(set)");
return 1;
}

sigemptyset (&sigset);
sigsuspend (&sigset);
return 0;

}

int main(void ) {
u_time_t wait;

srand(gettime());

for (wait= 1; wait<30000; wait++) {
int i;
for ( i=0 ; i<1; i++) {
u_time_t t1, t2;
u_time_t diff;

t1 = gettime();


handler_flag = 0;
isleep(wait,0);
if ( handler_flag != 1 ) {
fprintf(stderr,
"Problem with the handler flag (%d)!\n",handler_flag);
}
// usleep(wait);


t2 = gettime();
diff = t2 - t1;
if ( diff < wait )
printf("%llu %llu %llu %llu\n",t1, t2, wait,diff);
}
}
return 0;
}



/*


Kernel 2.6.11.7
746 717
751 632
762 645
806 731
821 816
841 758
851 822
855 534
871 813
878 833
881 860
888 689
891 825
902 727
911 818
921 830
926 729
931 880
941 878
945 873
950 889
951 830
958 942
962 927
971 851
972 967
974 728
981 881
988 985
991 727
992 988
995 988
996 995
998 842
999 994
1753 1727
1765 1679
1789 1726
1795 1714
1807 1733
1819 1728
1843 1747
1855 1704
1867 1743
1879 1857
1891 1747
1903 1735
1915 1712
1927 1610
1939 1806
1951 1812
1952 1920
1963 1747
1975 1705
1977 1920
1979 1955
1981 1861
1990 1969
1993 1747
1995 1990
1997 1985
1999 1995
2778 2757
2843 2796
2852 2768
2853 2768
2863 2801
2879 2848
2883 2882
2900 2885
2910 2859
2920 2871
2930 2769
2935 2931
2940 2877
2950 2833
2960 2891
2970 2773
2972 2965
2979 2915
2980 2932
2981 2979
2985 2937
2990 2903
2992 2937
2993 2991
2994 2993
2997 2985
2998 2992
3351 3281
3615 3279
3847 3821
3862 3847
3867 3842
3877 3846
3882 3814
3890 3799
3892 3860
3897 3854
3907 3859
3912 3904
3922 3835
3927 3919
3937 3799
3942 3854
3952 3862
3957 3861
3967 3844
3972 3858
3974 3951
3982 3843
3984 3969
3987 3908
3988 3986
3997 3836
3999 3977
4719 4655
4770 4633
4830 4781
4854 4744
4866 4720
4890 4861
4914 4855
4932 4900
4950 4734
4970 4783
4974 4828
4981 4972
4990 4972
4991 4985
4993 4968
4995 4978
4996 4995
4998 4842
4999 4991
5520 5219
5644 5622
5714 5570
5724 5581
5740 5733
5744 5694
5752 5751
5756 5741
5760 5724
5764 5708
5772 5743
5776 5677
5782 5730
5786 5729
5790 5735
5794 5599
5802 5741
5807 5558
5810 5734
5814 5707
5822 5572
5826 5692
5830 5717
5834 5687
5836 5751
5840 5703
5844 5583
5852 5742
5854 5827
5856 5735
5860 5735
5864 5564
5869 5858
5872 5722
5874 5851
5876 5734
5880 5730
5884 5756
5888 5856
5889 5878
5892 5724
5894 5594
5898 5797
5902 5841
5904 5861
5906 5720
5910 5733
5914 5727
5918 5843
5922 5726
5926 5686
5930 5727
5934 5740
5935 5331
5946 5894
5947 5927
5956 5947
5963 5831
5968 5868
5972 5848
5988 5984
5994 5986
5995 5988
5997 5921
5998 5989
5999 5997
6547 6546
6560 6464
6622 6508
6707 6642
6729 6508
6730 6512
6754 6699
6780 6718
6785 6423
6786 6718
6816 6769
6835 6828
6846 6735
6855 6845
6870 6858
6882 6863
6885 6841
6906 6722
6915 6885
6921 6755
6923 6919
6926 6470
6935 6714
6938 6931
6944 6841
6959 6834
6964 6943
6971 6874
6974 6931
6975 6866
6987 6960
6990 6943
6995 6713
6997 6973
6998 6997
7850 7845
7855 7842
7865 7857
7870 7862
7880 7854
7885 7829
7890 7868
7895 7841
7900 7866
7905 7865
7913 7845
7915 7806
7926 7847
7930 7892
7935 7858
7940 7847
7945 7858
7950 7848
7960 7852
7965 7869
7970 7796
7975 7891
7980 7839
7985 7890
7986 7984
7988 7841
7990 7845
7991 7966
7993 7992
7995 7829
7996 7985
7998 7978
8856 8849
8858 8794
8878 8817
8888 8884
8898 8852
8906 8850
8908 8874
8918 8846
8928 8875
8938 8863
8948 8889
8956 8840
8958 8783
8968 8883
8978 8906
8988 8896
8990 8987
8994 8983
8995 8991
8998 8847
9749 9704
9979 9943
9993 9980
9994 9990
9995 9994
9996 9986
9997 9990
9998 9996
10735 10731
10759 10744
10771 10723
10807 10723
10843 10764
10855 10838
10879 10729
10891 10739
10893 10889
10915 10740
10927 10855
10943 10936
10951 10725
10957 10922
10963 10723
10977 10968
10987 10720
10989 10987
10993 10926
10995 10989
10996 10995
10997 10987
11485 11268
11532 11309
11866 11844
11891 11848
11908 11846
11916 11838
11930 11927
11941 11843
11955 11934
11966 11840
11971 11961
11980 11932
11991 11878
11992 11959
11993 11989
11994 11985
11995 11992
11996 11988
11997 11988
11998 11993
12774 12362
12926 12839
12962 12945
12986 12982
12992 12990
12993 12988
12994 12991
12995 12991
12996 12988
12997 12995
12998 12984
13984 13983
13986 13540
13987 13985
13991 13967
13995 13988
13996 13990
13997 13982
14672 14422
14682 14424
14691 14388
14720 14547
14729 14339
14927 14921
14950 14790
14953 14898
14967 14925
14973 14958
14984 14852
14985 14984
14989 14988
14993 14966
14994 14980
14995 14692
14996 14962
15902 15836
15919 15896
15944 15926
15964 15963
15969 15921
15977 15845
15979 15966
15991 15990
15992 15990
15994 15903
15995 15986
15997 15988
16896 16849
16977 16966
16979 16953
16980 16979
16989 16987
16991 16988
16992 16991
16995 16988
16996 16982
16997 16996
17805 17794
17990 17988
17992 17989
17993 17990
17994 17991
17995 17980
17996 17994
17997 17991
18886 18836
18958 18940
18974 18927
18984 18968
18985 18979
18990 18986
18991 18987
18993 18989
18995 18986
18996 18987
18997 18993
19831 19624
19867 19816
19883 19871
19896 19828
19911 19840
19939 19541
19952 19951
19964 19953
19976 19965
19986 19871
19987 19982
19989 19547
19991 19633
19992 19977
19993 19974
19994 19984
19995 19989
19996 19995
20928 20925
20954 20937
20970 20950
20990 20986
20992 20989
20993 20989
20994 20992
20995 20986
20996 20985
21853 21843
21928 21838
21947 21928
21955 21945
21972 21941
21991 21988
21992 21989
21993 21982
21995 21988
22929 22845
22943 22924
22945 22933
22947 22545
22992 22988
22993 22985
22995 22931
22996 22989
23782 23286
23869 23595
23937 23930
23941 23904
23966 23955
23991 23884
23992 23985
23993 23989
23994 23992
23995 23991
23996 23983
24992 24985
24993 24989
24994 24987
24995 24989
24996 24990
25868 25861
25936 25933
25943 25855
25961 25936
25965 25930
25986 25944
25987 25986
25988 25986
25992 25985
25993 25987
25994 25993
25995 25985
25996 25984
26981 26949
26990 26989
26992 26552
26993 26984
26994 26986
26995 26993
27965 27855
27989 27932
27990 27985
27992 27991
27993 27982
27994 27990
27995 27991
28948 28935
28972 28942
28980 28859
28988 28983
28993 28988
28994 28985
28995 28993
29993 29986
29994 29987
29995 29992



Kernel 2.4.20
9479 9338
9579 9338
9654 9628
9679 9375
9746 9733
9756 9683
9762 9716
9779 9341
9797 9788
9807 9702
9829 9821
9848 9758
9858 9673
9879 9341
9899 9774
9909 9751
9919 9872
9929 9808
9950 9751
9952 9934
9960 9673
9962 9948
9972 9952
9979 9387
9980 9969
9984 9971
9988 9983
9992 9927
9996 9942
9998 9976
19254 19165
19404 19386
19454 19376
19504 19339
19604 19368
19654 19379
19704 19383
19754 19372
19804 19357
19810 19777
19829 19789
19854 19397
19860 19770
19879 19805
19904 19315
19910 19777
19929 19802
19954 19341
19960 19768
19979 19797
19993 19960
19994 19993
19998 19988
19999 19998
20000 19997
29588 29372
29736 29374
29807 29707
29836 29345
29886 29786
29907 29697
29936 29336
29949 29933
29955 29761
29970 29965
29975 29968
29978 29972
29986 29793
29996 29992
29998 29978
29999 29984
*/



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