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Subject[PATCH v4 1/4] workingset: fix confusion around eviction vs refault container
Date
From: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>

Refault decisions are made based on the lruvec where the page was
evicted, as that determined its LRU order while it was alive. Stats
and workingset aging must then occur on the lruvec of the new page, as
that's the node and cgroup that experience the refault and that's the
lruvec whose nonresident info ages out by a new resident page. Those
lruvecs could be different when a page is shared between cgroups, or
the refaulting page is allocated on a different node.

There are currently two mix-ups:

1. When swap is available, the resident anon set must be considered
when comparing the refault distance. The comparison is made against
the right anon set, but the check for swap is not. When pages get
evicted from a cgroup with swap, and refault in one without, this
can incorrectly consider a hot refault as cold - and vice
versa. Fix that by using the eviction cgroup for the swap check.

2. The stats and workingset age are updated against the wrong lruvec
altogether: the right cgroup but the wrong NUMA node. When a page
refaults on a different NUMA node, this will have confusing stats
and distort the workingset age on a different lruvec - again
possibly resulting in hot/cold misclassifications down the line.

Fix the swap check and the refault pgdat to address both concerns.

This was found during code review. It hasn't caused notable issues in
production, suggesting that those refault-migrations are relatively
rare in practice.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Co-developed-by: Nhat Pham <nphamcs@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Nhat Pham <nphamcs@gmail.com>
---
mm/workingset.c | 3 ++-
1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/mm/workingset.c b/mm/workingset.c
index ae7e984b23c6..79585d55c45d 100644
--- a/mm/workingset.c
+++ b/mm/workingset.c
@@ -457,6 +457,7 @@ void workingset_refault(struct folio *folio, void *shadow)
*/
nr = folio_nr_pages(folio);
memcg = folio_memcg(folio);
+ pgdat = folio_pgdat(folio);
lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(memcg, pgdat);

mod_lruvec_state(lruvec, WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE + file, nr);
@@ -474,7 +475,7 @@ void workingset_refault(struct folio *folio, void *shadow)
workingset_size += lruvec_page_state(eviction_lruvec,
NR_INACTIVE_FILE);
}
- if (mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(memcg) > 0) {
+ if (mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(eviction_memcg) > 0) {
workingset_size += lruvec_page_state(eviction_lruvec,
NR_ACTIVE_ANON);
if (file) {
--
2.30.2
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