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Subject[PATCH v4 3/4] cachestat: implement cachestat syscall
Date
Implement a new syscall that queries cache state of a file and
summarizes the number of cached pages, number of dirty pages, number of
pages marked for writeback, number of (recently) evicted pages, etc. in
a given range.

NAME
cachestat - query the page cache status of a file.

SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/mman.h>

struct cachestat {
__u64 nr_cache;
__u64 nr_dirty;
__u64 nr_writeback;
__u64 nr_evicted;
__u64 nr_recently_evicted;
};

int cachestat(unsigned int fd, off_t off, size_t len,
size_t cstat_size, struct cachestat *cstat,
unsigned int flags);

DESCRIPTION
cachestat() queries the number of cached pages, number of dirty
pages, number of pages marked for writeback, number of (recently)
evicted pages, in the bytes range given by `off` and `len`.

These values are returned in a cachestat struct, whose address is
given by the `cstat` argument.

The `off` and `len` arguments must be non-negative integers. If
`len` > 0, the queried range is [`off`, `off` + `len`]. If `len` ==
0, we will query in the range from `off` to the end of the file.

`cstat_size` allows users to obtain partial results. The syscall
will copy the first `csstat_size` bytes to the specified userspace
memory. `cstat_size` must be a non-negative value that is no larger
than the current size of the cachestat struct.

The `flags` argument is unused for now, but is included for future
extensibility. User should pass 0 (i.e no flag specified).

RETURN VALUE
On success, cachestat returns 0. On error, -1 is returned, and errno
is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
EFAULT cstat points to an invalid address.

EINVAL invalid `cstat_size` or `flags`

EBADF invalid file descriptor.

Signed-off-by: Nhat Pham <nphamcs@gmail.com>
---
arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl | 1 +
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 1 +
arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl | 1 +
include/linux/fs.h | 3 +
include/linux/syscalls.h | 3 +
include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h | 5 +-
include/uapi/linux/mman.h | 9 ++
init/Kconfig | 10 ++
kernel/sys_ni.c | 1 +
mm/filemap.c | 137 ++++++++++++++++++++
20 files changed, 180 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 8ebacf37a8cf..1f13995d00d7 100644
--- a/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/alpha/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -490,3 +490,4 @@
558 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
559 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
560 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_ni_syscall
+561 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl b/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
index ac964612d8b0..8ebed8a13874 100644
--- a/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/arm/tools/syscall.tbl
@@ -464,3 +464,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 72c929d9902b..f8c74ffeeefb 100644
--- a/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/ia64/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -371,3 +371,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index b1f3940bc298..4f504783371f 100644
--- a/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/m68k/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -450,3 +450,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 820145e47350..858d22bf275c 100644
--- a/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/microblaze/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -456,3 +456,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 8a99c998da9b..7c84a72306d1 100644
--- a/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/parisc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -448,3 +448,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 2bca64f96164..937460f0a8ec 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -530,3 +530,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 nospu set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 799147658dee..7df0329d46cb 100644
--- a/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/s390/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -453,3 +453,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 2de85c977f54..97377e8c5025 100644
--- a/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/sh/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -453,3 +453,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 4398cc6fb68d..faa835f3c54a 100644
--- a/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/sparc/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -496,3 +496,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
index 320480a8db4f..bc0a3c941b35 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_32.tbl
@@ -455,3 +455,4 @@
448 i386 process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 i386 futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 i386 set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 i386 cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
index c84d12608cd2..227538b0ce80 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
@@ -372,6 +372,7 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat

#
# Due to a historical design error, certain syscalls are numbered differently
diff --git a/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl b/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
index 52c94ab5c205..2b69c3c035b6 100644
--- a/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
+++ b/arch/xtensa/kernel/syscalls/syscall.tbl
@@ -421,3 +421,4 @@
448 common process_mrelease sys_process_mrelease
449 common futex_waitv sys_futex_waitv
450 common set_mempolicy_home_node sys_set_mempolicy_home_node
+451 common cachestat sys_cachestat
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index e654435f1651..8902799121c9 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -46,6 +46,7 @@

#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <uapi/linux/fs.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/mman.h>

struct backing_dev_info;
struct bdi_writeback;
@@ -830,6 +831,8 @@ void filemap_invalidate_lock_two(struct address_space *mapping1,
struct address_space *mapping2);
void filemap_invalidate_unlock_two(struct address_space *mapping1,
struct address_space *mapping2);
+void filemap_cachestat(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index,
+ pgoff_t last_index, struct cachestat *cs);


/*
diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
index a34b0f9a9972..50f8c6999d99 100644
--- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
+++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
@@ -72,6 +72,7 @@ struct open_how;
struct mount_attr;
struct landlock_ruleset_attr;
enum landlock_rule_type;
+struct cachestat;

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/aio_abi.h>
@@ -1056,6 +1057,8 @@ asmlinkage long sys_memfd_secret(unsigned int flags);
asmlinkage long sys_set_mempolicy_home_node(unsigned long start, unsigned long len,
unsigned long home_node,
unsigned long flags);
+asmlinkage long sys_cachestat(unsigned int fd, off_t off, size_t len,
+ size_t cstat_size, struct cachestat __user *cstat, unsigned int flags);

/*
* Architecture-specific system calls
diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
index 45fa180cc56a..cd639fae9086 100644
--- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
+++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/unistd.h
@@ -886,8 +886,11 @@ __SYSCALL(__NR_futex_waitv, sys_futex_waitv)
#define __NR_set_mempolicy_home_node 450
__SYSCALL(__NR_set_mempolicy_home_node, sys_set_mempolicy_home_node)

+#define __NR_cachestat 451
+__SYSCALL(__NR_cachestat, sys_cachestat)
+
#undef __NR_syscalls
-#define __NR_syscalls 451
+#define __NR_syscalls 452

/*
* 32 bit systems traditionally used different
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/mman.h b/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
index f55bc680b5b0..fe03ed0b7587 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/mman.h
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@

#include <asm/mman.h>
#include <asm-generic/hugetlb_encode.h>
+#include <linux/types.h>

#define MREMAP_MAYMOVE 1
#define MREMAP_FIXED 2
@@ -41,4 +42,12 @@
#define MAP_HUGE_2GB HUGETLB_FLAG_ENCODE_2GB
#define MAP_HUGE_16GB HUGETLB_FLAG_ENCODE_16GB

+struct cachestat {
+ __u64 nr_cache;
+ __u64 nr_dirty;
+ __u64 nr_writeback;
+ __u64 nr_evicted;
+ __u64 nr_recently_evicted;
+};
+
#endif /* _UAPI_LINUX_MMAN_H */
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index 694f7c160c9c..ecc4f781dd6c 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -1798,6 +1798,16 @@ config RSEQ

If unsure, say Y.

+config CACHESTAT
+ bool "Enable cachestat() system call" if EXPERT
+ default y
+ help
+ Enable the cachestat system call, which queries the page cache
+ statistics of a file (number of cached pages, dirty pages,
+ pages marked for writeback, (recently) evicted pages).
+
+ If unsure say Y here.
+
config DEBUG_RSEQ
default n
bool "Enabled debugging of rseq() system call" if EXPERT
diff --git a/kernel/sys_ni.c b/kernel/sys_ni.c
index 860b2dcf3ac4..04bfb1e4d377 100644
--- a/kernel/sys_ni.c
+++ b/kernel/sys_ni.c
@@ -299,6 +299,7 @@ COND_SYSCALL(set_mempolicy);
COND_SYSCALL(migrate_pages);
COND_SYSCALL(move_pages);
COND_SYSCALL(set_mempolicy_home_node);
+COND_SYSCALL(cachestat);

COND_SYSCALL(perf_event_open);
COND_SYSCALL(accept4);
diff --git a/mm/filemap.c b/mm/filemap.c
index 08341616ae7a..29ffb906caa4 100644
--- a/mm/filemap.c
+++ b/mm/filemap.c
@@ -22,6 +22,7 @@
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
@@ -55,6 +56,9 @@
#include <linux/buffer_head.h> /* for try_to_free_buffers */

#include <asm/mman.h>
+#include <uapi/linux/mman.h>
+
+#include "swap.h"

/*
* Shared mappings implemented 30.11.1994. It's not fully working yet,
@@ -3949,3 +3953,136 @@ bool filemap_release_folio(struct folio *folio, gfp_t gfp)
return try_to_free_buffers(folio);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_release_folio);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_CACHESTAT
+/**
+ * filemap_cachestat() - compute the page cache statistics of a mapping
+ * @mapping: The mapping to compute the statistics for.
+ * @first_index: The starting page cache index.
+ * @last_index: The final page index (inclusive).
+ * @cs: the cachestat struct to write the result to.
+ *
+ * This will query the page cache statistics of a mapping in the
+ * page range of [first_index, last_index] (inclusive). THe statistics
+ * queried include: number of dirty pages, number of pages marked for
+ * writeback, and the number of (recently) evicted pages.
+ */
+void filemap_cachestat(struct address_space *mapping, pgoff_t first_index,
+ pgoff_t last_index, struct cachestat *cs)
+{
+ XA_STATE(xas, &mapping->i_pages, first_index);
+ struct folio *folio;
+
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ xas_for_each(&xas, folio, last_index) {
+ unsigned long nr_pages;
+ pgoff_t folio_first_index, folio_last_index;
+
+ if (xas_retry(&xas, folio))
+ continue;
+
+ nr_pages = folio_nr_pages(folio);
+ folio_first_index = folio_pgoff(folio);
+ folio_last_index = folio_first_index + nr_pages - 1;
+
+ /* Folios might straddle the range boundaries, only count covered subpages */
+ if (folio_first_index < first_index)
+ nr_pages -= first_index - folio_first_index;
+
+ if (folio_last_index > last_index)
+ nr_pages -= folio_last_index - last_index;
+
+ if (xa_is_value(folio)) {
+ /* page is evicted */
+ void *shadow = (void *)folio;
+ bool workingset; /* not used */
+
+ cs->nr_evicted += nr_pages;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SWAP /* implies CONFIG_MMU */
+ if (shmem_mapping(mapping)) {
+ /* shmem file - in swap cache */
+ swp_entry_t swp = radix_to_swp_entry(folio);
+
+ shadow = get_shadow_from_swap_cache(swp);
+ }
+#endif
+ if (workingset_test_recent(shadow, true, &workingset))
+ cs->nr_recently_evicted += nr_pages;
+
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ /* page is in cache */
+ cs->nr_cache += nr_pages;
+
+ if (folio_test_dirty(folio))
+ cs->nr_dirty += nr_pages;
+
+ if (folio_test_writeback(folio))
+ cs->nr_writeback += nr_pages;
+ }
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(filemap_cachestat);
+
+/*
+ * The cachestat(5) system call.
+ *
+ * cachestat() returns the page cache statistics of a file in the
+ * bytes specified by `off` and `len`: number of cached pages,
+ * number of dirty pages, number of pages marked for writeback,
+ * number of (recently) evicted pages.
+ *
+ * `off` and `len` must be non-negative integers. If `len` > 0,
+ * the queried range is [`off`, `off` + `len`]. If `len` == 0,
+ * we will query in the range from `off` to the end of the file.
+ *
+ * `cstat_size` allows users to obtain partial results. The syscall
+ * will copy the first `csstat_size` bytes to the specified userspace
+ * memory. It also makes the cachestat struct extensible - new fields
+ * can be added in the future without breaking existing usage.
+ * `cstat_size` must be a non-negative value that is no larger than
+ * the current size of the cachestat struct.
+ *
+ * The `flags` argument is unused for now, but is included for future
+ * extensibility. User should pass 0 (i.e no flag specified).
+ *
+ * Because the status of a page can change after cachestat() checks it
+ * but before it returns to the application, the returned values may
+ * contain stale information.
+ *
+ * return values:
+ * zero - success
+ * -EFAULT - cstat points to an illegal address
+ * -EINVAL - invalid arguments
+ * -EBADF - invalid file descriptor
+ */
+SYSCALL_DEFINE6(cachestat, unsigned int, fd, off_t, off, size_t, len,
+ size_t, cstat_size, struct cachestat __user *, cstat,
+ unsigned int, flags)
+{
+ struct fd f = fdget(fd);
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ struct cachestat cs;
+ pgoff_t first_index = off >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+ pgoff_t last_index =
+ len == 0 ? ULONG_MAX : (off + len - 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
+
+ if (off < 0 || cstat_size > sizeof(struct cachestat) || flags != 0)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ if (!f.file)
+ return -EBADF;
+
+ memset(&cs, 0, sizeof(struct cachestat));
+ mapping = f.file->f_mapping;
+ filemap_cachestat(mapping, first_index, last_index, &cs);
+ fdput(f);
+
+ if (copy_to_user(cstat, &cs, cstat_size))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_CACHESTAT */
--
2.30.2
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