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Subject[PATCH bpf-next] bpf: dup xlated insns with kvmalloc+memcpy
Currently, kmemdup() is used for allocating and copying xlated insns
in bpf_insn_prepare_dump(). The following warning can be triggered
when dup large amount of insns (roughly BPF_COMPLEXITY_LIMIT_INSNS/2)
because kmemdup() uses kmalloc() which would fail when allocing size
is too big, leading to failure in dump xlated insns:

WARNING: CPU: 2 PID: 7060 at mm/page_alloc.c:5534
Call Trace:
__alloc_pages_node include/linux/gfp.h:237 [inline]
alloc_pages_node include/linux/gfp.h:260 [inline]
__kmalloc_large_node+0x81/0x160 mm/slab_common.c:1096
__do_kmalloc_node mm/slab_common.c:943 [inline]
__kmalloc_node_track_caller.cold+0x5/0x5d mm/slab_common.c:975
kmemdup+0x29/0x60 mm/util.c:129
kmemdup include/linux/fortify-string.h:585 [inline]
bpf_insn_prepare_dump kernel/bpf/syscall.c:3820 [inline]
bpf_prog_get_info_by_fd+0x9a3/0x2cb0 kernel/bpf/syscall.c:3975
bpf_obj_get_info_by_fd kernel/bpf/syscall.c:4297 [inline]
__sys_bpf+0x3928/0x56f0 kernel/bpf/syscall.c:5004
__do_sys_bpf kernel/bpf/syscall.c:5069 [inline]
__se_sys_bpf kernel/bpf/syscall.c:5067 [inline]

So use kvmalloc()+memcpy() to fix this, for small size of insns,
this is same as kmemdup(), but this also support dup large amount
of xlated insns.

Signed-off-by: Hao Sun <>
kernel/bpf/syscall.c | 8 ++++----
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
index 35972afb6850..06229fddac0d 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/syscall.c
@@ -3831,10 +3831,10 @@ static struct bpf_insn *bpf_insn_prepare_dump(const struct bpf_prog *prog,
u8 code;
int i;

- insns = kmemdup(prog->insnsi, bpf_prog_insn_size(prog),
- if (!insns)
+ insns = kvmalloc(bpf_prog_insn_size(prog), GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
+ if (unlikely(!insns))
return insns;
+ memcpy(insns, prog->insnsi, bpf_prog_insn_size(prog));

for (i = 0; i < prog->len; i++) {
code = insns[i].code;
@@ -3992,7 +3992,7 @@ static int bpf_prog_get_info_by_fd(struct file *file,
uinsns = u64_to_user_ptr(info.xlated_prog_insns);
ulen = min_t(u32, info.xlated_prog_len, ulen);
fault = copy_to_user(uinsns, insns_sanitized, ulen);
- kfree(insns_sanitized);
+ kvfree(insns_sanitized);
if (fault)
return -EFAULT;
base-commit: 0e43662e61f2569500ab83b8188c065603530785

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