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SubjectRe: [RFC 03/11] hte: Add tegra194 HTE kernel provider
On Fri, Jun 25, 2021 at 04:55:24PM -0700, Dipen Patel wrote:
> Tegra194 device has multiple HTE instances also known as GTE
> (Generic hardware Timestamping Engine) which can timestamp subset of
> SoC lines/signals. This provider driver focuses on IRQ and GPIO lines
> and exposes timestamping ability on those lines to the consumers
> through HTE subsystem.
>
> Also, with this patch, added:
> - documentation about this provider and its capabilities at
> Documentation/hte.
> - Compilation support in Makefile and Kconfig
>
> Signed-off-by: Dipen Patel <dipenp@nvidia.com>
> ---
> Documentation/hte/index.rst | 21 ++
> Documentation/hte/tegra194-hte.rst | 65 ++++
> Documentation/index.rst | 1 +
> drivers/hte/Kconfig | 12 +
> drivers/hte/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/hte/hte-tegra194.c | 554 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 6 files changed, 654 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/hte/index.rst
> create mode 100644 Documentation/hte/tegra194-hte.rst
> create mode 100644 drivers/hte/hte-tegra194.c
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/hte/index.rst b/Documentation/hte/index.rst
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..f311ebec6b47
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/hte/index.rst
> @@ -0,0 +1,21 @@
> +.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +
> +============================================
> +The Linux Hardware Timestamping Engine (HTE)
> +============================================
> +
> +The HTE Subsystem
> +=================
> +
> +.. toctree::
> + :maxdepth: 1
> +
> + hte
> +
> +HTE Tegra Provider
> +==================
> +
> +.. toctree::
> + :maxdepth: 1
> +
> + tegra194-hte
> \ No newline at end of file
> diff --git a/Documentation/hte/tegra194-hte.rst b/Documentation/hte/tegra194-hte.rst
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..c23eaafcf080
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/hte/tegra194-hte.rst
> @@ -0,0 +1,65 @@
> +HTE Kernel provider driver
> +==========================
> +
> +Description
> +-----------
> +The Nvidia tegra194 chip has many hardware timestamping engine (HTE) instances
> +known as generic timestamping engine (GTE). This provider driver implements
> +two GTE instances 1) GPIO GTE and 2) IRQ GTE. The both GTEs instances get the
> +timestamp from the system counter TSC which has 31.25MHz clock rate, and the
> +driver converts clock tick rate to nano seconds before storing it as timestamp
> +value.
> +
> +GPIO GTE
> +--------
> +
> +This GTE instance help timestamps GPIO in real time, for that to happen GPIO
> +needs to be configured as input and IRQ needs to ba enabled as well. The only
> +always on (AON) gpio controller instance supports timestamping GPIOs in
> +realtime and it has 39 GPIO lines. There is also a dependency on AON GPIO
> +controller as it requires very specific bits to be set in GPIO config register.
> +It in a way creates cyclic dependency between GTE and GPIO controller. The GTE
> +GPIO functionality is accessed from the GPIOLIB. It can support both the in
> +kernel and userspace consumers. In the later case, requests go through GPIOLIB
> +CDEV framework. The below APIs are added in GPIOLIB framework to access HTE
> +subsystem and GPIO GTE for in kernel consumers.
> +
> +.. c:function:: int gpiod_hw_timestamp_control( struct gpio_desc *desc, bool enable )
> +
> + To enable HTE on given GPIO line.
> +
> +.. c:function:: u64 gpiod_get_hw_timestamp( struct gpio_desc *desc, bool block )
> +
> + To retrieve hardwre timestamp in nano seconds.
> +
> +.. c:function:: bool gpiod_is_hw_timestamp_enabled( const struct gpio_desc *desc )
> +
> + To query if HTE is enabled on the given GPIO.
> +
> +There is hte-tegra194-gpio-test.c, located in ``drivers/hte/`` directory, test
> +driver which demonstrates above APIs for the Jetson AGX platform. For userspace
> +consumers, GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE flag must be specifed during
> +IOCTL calls, refer ``tools/gpio/gpio-event-mon.c``, which returns the timestamp
> +in nano second.
> +

<snip>

> +
> +static void tegra_hte_read_fifo(struct tegra_hte_soc *gs)
> +{
> + u32 tsh, tsl, src, pv, cv, acv, slice, bit_index, line_id;
> + u64 tsc;
> + int dir;
> + struct hte_ts_data el;
> +
> + while ((tegra_hte_readl(gs, HTE_TESTATUS) >>
> + HTE_TESTATUS_OCCUPANCY_SHIFT) &
> + HTE_TESTATUS_OCCUPANCY_MASK) {
> + tsh = tegra_hte_readl(gs, HTE_TETSCH);
> + tsl = tegra_hte_readl(gs, HTE_TETSCL);
> + tsc = (((u64)tsh << 32) | tsl);
> +
> + src = tegra_hte_readl(gs, HTE_TESRC);
> + slice = (src >> HTE_TESRC_SLICE_SHIFT) &
> + HTE_TESRC_SLICE_DEFAULT_MASK;
> +
> + pv = tegra_hte_readl(gs, HTE_TEPCV);
> + cv = tegra_hte_readl(gs, HTE_TECCV);
> + acv = pv ^ cv;
> + while (acv) {
> + bit_index = __builtin_ctz(acv);
> + if ((pv >> bit_index) & BIT(0))
> + dir = HTE_EVENT_RISING_EDGE;
> + else
> + dir = HTE_EVENT_FALLING_EDGE;
> +
> + line_id = bit_index + (slice << 5);
> + el.dir = dir;
> + el.tsc = tsc << HTE_TS_NS_SHIFT;
> + hte_push_ts_ns_atomic(gs->chip, line_id, &el,
> + sizeof(el));
> + acv &= ~BIT(bit_index);
> + }
> + tegra_hte_writel(gs, HTE_TECMD, HTE_TECMD_CMD_POP);
> + }
> +}

What happens when the hte_push_ts_ns_atomic() fails?
The timestamp will be quietly dropped?
What happens when the interrupt corresponding to that dropped timestamp
asks for it? The irq handler thread will block until it can get a
timestamp from the subsequent interrupt?

Which brings me back to the concern I have with the approach used in
the hte/gpiolib integration - how do you guarantee that the timestamp
returned by gpiod_get_hw_timestamp() corresponds to the irq interrupt
being handled, particularly in the face of errors such as:
- overflows of the timestamp FIFO in the chip
- overflows of software FIFOs as here
- lost interupts (if the hw generates interrupts faster than the CPU
can service them)
?

Cheers,
Kent.

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