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SubjectRe: [RFC 08/11] gpiolib: cdev: Add hardware timestamp clock type
On Fri, Jun 25, 2021 at 04:55:29PM -0700, Dipen Patel wrote:
> This patch adds new clock type for the GPIO controller which can
> timestamp gpio lines using hardware means. To expose such
> functionalities to the userspace, code has been added in this patch
> where during line create call, it checks for new clock type and if
> requested, calls hardware timestamp related API from gpiolib.c.
> During line change event, it retrieves timestamp in nano seconds by
> calling gpiod_get_hw_timestamp API from gpiolib.c. At the line release,
> it disables this functionality by calling gpiod_hw_timestamp_control.
>
> Signed-off-by: Dipen Patel <dipenp@nvidia.com>
> ---
> drivers/gpio/gpiolib-cdev.c | 65 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> include/uapi/linux/gpio.h | 1 +
> 2 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-cdev.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-cdev.c
> index 1631727bf0da..9f98c727e937 100644
> --- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-cdev.c
> +++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib-cdev.c
> @@ -518,6 +518,7 @@ struct linereq {
> GPIO_V2_LINE_DRIVE_FLAGS | \
> GPIO_V2_LINE_EDGE_FLAGS | \
> GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_REALTIME | \
> + GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE | \
> GPIO_V2_LINE_BIAS_FLAGS)
>
> static void linereq_put_event(struct linereq *lr,
> @@ -540,9 +541,20 @@ static void linereq_put_event(struct linereq *lr,
>
> static u64 line_event_timestamp(struct line *line)
> {
> + bool block;
> +
> if (test_bit(FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_REALTIME, &line->desc->flags))
> return ktime_get_real_ns();
>
> + if (test_bit(FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE, &line->desc->flags)) {
> + if (irq_count())
> + block = false;
> + else
> + block = true;
> +
> + return gpiod_get_hw_timestamp(line->desc, block);
> + }
> +

Use in_task() instead of block?

> return ktime_get_ns();
> }
>
> @@ -828,6 +840,7 @@ static int edge_detector_setup(struct line *line,
> return ret;
>
> line->irq = irq;
> +
> return 0;
> }
>

Remove gratuitous whitespace changes.
If you dislike the formatting then suggest it in a separate patch.

> @@ -891,7 +904,6 @@ static int gpio_v2_line_flags_validate(u64 flags)
> /* Return an error if an unknown flag is set */
> if (flags & ~GPIO_V2_LINE_VALID_FLAGS)
> return -EINVAL;
> -
> /*
> * Do not allow both INPUT and OUTPUT flags to be set as they are
> * contradictory.
> @@ -900,6 +912,14 @@ static int gpio_v2_line_flags_validate(u64 flags)
> (flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_OUTPUT))
> return -EINVAL;
>

Same here.

> + /*
> + * Do not mix with any other clocks if hardware assisted timestamp is
> + * asked.
> + */
> + if ((flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_REALTIME) &&
> + (flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +

The comment is very hw timestamp centric. It should just be something
along the lines of "only allow one event clock source".

> /* Edge detection requires explicit input. */
> if ((flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_EDGE_FLAGS) &&
> !(flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_INPUT))
> @@ -992,6 +1012,8 @@ static void gpio_v2_line_config_flags_to_desc_flags(u64 flags,
>
> assign_bit(FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_REALTIME, flagsp,
> flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_REALTIME);
> + assign_bit(FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE, flagsp,
> + flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE);
> }
>
> static long linereq_get_values(struct linereq *lr, void __user *ip)
> @@ -1139,6 +1161,18 @@ static long linereq_set_config_unlocked(struct linereq *lr,
> int val = gpio_v2_line_config_output_value(lc, i);
>
> edge_detector_stop(&lr->lines[i]);
> +
> + /*
> + * Assuming line was input before and hardware
> + * assisted timestamp only timestamps the input
> + * lines.
> + */
> + if (gpiod_is_hw_timestamp_enabled(desc)) {
> + ret = gpiod_hw_timestamp_control(desc, false);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }
> +

So if you fail to disable the hw timestamp then you fail the set_config?
Does that make sense?
It should be impossible to fail, as per the preceding edge_detector_stop(),
or any failure in this context is irrelevant and so can be ignored.

> ret = gpiod_direction_output(desc, val);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
> @@ -1152,6 +1186,13 @@ static long linereq_set_config_unlocked(struct linereq *lr,
> polarity_change);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
> +
> + /* Check if new config sets hardware assisted clock */
> + if (flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE) {
> + ret = gpiod_hw_timestamp_control(desc, true);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> + }
> }
>

The error code here can come from the pinctrl timestamp_control(), so it
should be sanitised before being returned to userspace.

> blocking_notifier_call_chain(&desc->gdev->notifier,
> @@ -1281,8 +1322,12 @@ static void linereq_free(struct linereq *lr)
>
> for (i = 0; i < lr->num_lines; i++) {
> edge_detector_stop(&lr->lines[i]);
> - if (lr->lines[i].desc)
> + if (lr->lines[i].desc) {
> + if (gpiod_is_hw_timestamp_enabled(lr->lines[i].desc))
> + gpiod_hw_timestamp_control(lr->lines[i].desc,
> + false);
> gpiod_free(lr->lines[i].desc);
> + }

Potential race on gpiod_is_hw_timestamp_enabled() and the call to
gpiod_hw_timestamp_control()?
Why not put the gpiod_is_hw_timestamp_enabled() check inside
gpiod_hw_timestamp_control()?

And the gpiod_hw_timestamp_control() call should be moved inside
gpiod_free(), or more correctly gpiod_free_commit().
i.e. whenever you free the gpio you release any associated hw timestamp.

> }
> kfifo_free(&lr->events);
> kfree(lr->label);
> @@ -1409,6 +1454,15 @@ static int linereq_create(struct gpio_device *gdev, void __user *ip)
> flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_EDGE_FLAGS);
> if (ret)
> goto out_free_linereq;
> +
> + /*
> + * Check if hardware assisted timestamp is requested
> + */
> + if (flags & GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE) {
> + ret = gpiod_hw_timestamp_control(desc, true);
> + if (ret)
> + goto out_free_linereq;
> + }
> }
>

Comment can fit on one line, and probably isn't even necessary - the
code is clear enough.

> blocking_notifier_call_chain(&desc->gdev->notifier,
> @@ -1956,8 +2010,15 @@ static void gpio_desc_to_lineinfo(struct gpio_desc *desc,
> if (test_bit(FLAG_EDGE_FALLING, &desc->flags))
> info->flags |= GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EDGE_FALLING;
>
> + /*
> + * Practically it is possible that user will want both the real time
> + * and hardware timestamps on GPIO events, for now however lets just
> + * work with either clocks
> + */
> if (test_bit(FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_REALTIME, &desc->flags))
> info->flags |= GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_REALTIME;
> + else if (test_bit(FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE, &desc->flags))
> + info->flags |= GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE;
>

If there is any need or intent to support multiple clock sources then
avoid creeping API changes and add it now.
Either way, drop the comment.

> debounce_period_us = READ_ONCE(desc->debounce_period_us);
> if (debounce_period_us) {
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/gpio.h b/include/uapi/linux/gpio.h
> index eaaea3d8e6b4..d360545b4c21 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/gpio.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/gpio.h
> @@ -80,6 +80,7 @@ enum gpio_v2_line_flag {
> GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_BIAS_PULL_DOWN = _BITULL(9),
> GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_BIAS_DISABLED = _BITULL(10),
> GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_REALTIME = _BITULL(11),
> + GPIO_V2_LINE_FLAG_EVENT_CLOCK_HARDWARE = _BITULL(12),
> };
>
> /**
> --
> 2.17.1
>

Cheers,
Kent.

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