lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2021]   [Jun]   [11]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[RFC PATCH] sched/fair: Age the average idle time
From: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>

This is a partial forward-port of Peter Ziljstra's work first posted
at https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20180530142236.667774973@infradead.org/.
His Signed-off has been removed because it is modified but will be restored
if he says it's still ok.

Currently select_idle_cpu()'s proportional scheme uses the average idle
time *for when we are idle*, that is temporally challenged. When a CPU
is not at all idle, we'll happily continue using whatever value we did
see when the CPU goes idle. To fix this, introduce a separate average
idle and age it (the existing value still makes sense for things like
new-idle balancing, which happens when we do go idle).

The overall goal is to not spend more time scanning for idle CPUs than
we're idle for. Otherwise we're inhibiting work. This means that we need to
consider the cost over all the wake-ups between consecutive idle periods.
To track this, the scan cost is subtracted from the estimated average
idle time.

The impact of this patch is related to workloads that have domains that
are fully busy or overloaded. Without the patch, the scan depth may be
too high because a CPU is not reaching idle.

Due to the nature of the patch, this is a regression magnet. It
potentially wins when domains are almost fully busy or overloaded --
at that point searches are likely to fail but idle is not being aged
as CPUs are active so search depth is too large and useless. It will
potentially show regressions when there are idle CPUs and a deep search is
beneficial. This tbench result on a 2-socket broadwell machine partially
illustates the problem

5.13.0-rc2 5.13.0-rc2
vanilla sched-avgidle-v1r5
Hmean 1 445.02 ( 0.00%) 451.36 * 1.42%*
Hmean 2 830.69 ( 0.00%) 846.03 * 1.85%*
Hmean 4 1350.80 ( 0.00%) 1505.56 * 11.46%*
Hmean 8 2888.88 ( 0.00%) 2586.40 * -10.47%*
Hmean 16 5248.18 ( 0.00%) 5305.26 * 1.09%*
Hmean 32 8914.03 ( 0.00%) 9191.35 * 3.11%*
Hmean 64 10663.10 ( 0.00%) 10192.65 * -4.41%*
Hmean 128 18043.89 ( 0.00%) 18478.92 * 2.41%*
Hmean 256 16530.89 ( 0.00%) 17637.16 * 6.69%*
Hmean 320 16451.13 ( 0.00%) 17270.97 * 4.98%*

Note that 8 was a regression point where a deeper search would have helped
but it gains for high thread counts when searches are useless. Hackbench
is a more extreme example although not perfect as the tasks idle rapidly

hackbench-process-pipes
5.13.0-rc2 5.13.0-rc2
vanilla sched-avgidle-v1r5
Amean 1 0.3950 ( 0.00%) 0.3887 ( 1.60%)
Amean 4 0.9450 ( 0.00%) 0.9677 ( -2.40%)
Amean 7 1.4737 ( 0.00%) 1.4890 ( -1.04%)
Amean 12 2.3507 ( 0.00%) 2.3360 * 0.62%*
Amean 21 4.0807 ( 0.00%) 4.0993 * -0.46%*
Amean 30 5.6820 ( 0.00%) 5.7510 * -1.21%*
Amean 48 8.7913 ( 0.00%) 8.7383 ( 0.60%)
Amean 79 14.3880 ( 0.00%) 13.9343 * 3.15%*
Amean 110 21.2233 ( 0.00%) 19.4263 * 8.47%*
Amean 141 28.2930 ( 0.00%) 25.1003 * 11.28%*
Amean 172 34.7570 ( 0.00%) 30.7527 * 11.52%*
Amean 203 41.0083 ( 0.00%) 36.4267 * 11.17%*
Amean 234 47.7133 ( 0.00%) 42.0623 * 11.84%*
Amean 265 53.0353 ( 0.00%) 47.7720 * 9.92%*
Amean 296 60.0170 ( 0.00%) 53.4273 * 10.98%*
Stddev 1 0.0052 ( 0.00%) 0.0025 ( 51.57%)
Stddev 4 0.0357 ( 0.00%) 0.0370 ( -3.75%)
Stddev 7 0.0190 ( 0.00%) 0.0298 ( -56.64%)
Stddev 12 0.0064 ( 0.00%) 0.0095 ( -48.38%)
Stddev 21 0.0065 ( 0.00%) 0.0097 ( -49.28%)
Stddev 30 0.0185 ( 0.00%) 0.0295 ( -59.54%)
Stddev 48 0.0559 ( 0.00%) 0.0168 ( 69.92%)
Stddev 79 0.1559 ( 0.00%) 0.0278 ( 82.17%)
Stddev 110 1.1728 ( 0.00%) 0.0532 ( 95.47%)
Stddev 141 0.7867 ( 0.00%) 0.0968 ( 87.69%)
Stddev 172 1.0255 ( 0.00%) 0.0420 ( 95.91%)
Stddev 203 0.8106 ( 0.00%) 0.1384 ( 82.92%)
Stddev 234 1.1949 ( 0.00%) 0.1328 ( 88.89%)
Stddev 265 0.9231 ( 0.00%) 0.0820 ( 91.11%)
Stddev 296 1.0456 ( 0.00%) 0.1327 ( 87.31%)

Again, higher thread counts benefit and the standard deviation
shows that results are also a lot more stable when the idle
time is aged.

The patch potentially matters when a socket was multiple LLCs as the
maximum search depth is lower. However, some of the test results were
suspiciously good (e.g. specjbb2005 gaining 50% on a Zen1 machine) and
other results were not dramatically different to other mcahines.

Given the nature of the patch, Peter's full series is not being forward
ported as each part should stand on its own. Preferably they would be
merged at different times to reduce the risk of false bisections.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
---
kernel/sched/core.c | 5 +++++
kernel/sched/fair.c | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++----
kernel/sched/sched.h | 3 +++
3 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 5226cc26a095..6a3fdb9f4380 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -2979,6 +2979,9 @@ static void ttwu_do_wakeup(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int wake_flags,
if (rq->avg_idle > max)
rq->avg_idle = max;

+ rq->wake_stamp = jiffies;
+ rq->wake_avg_idle = rq->avg_idle / 2;
+
rq->idle_stamp = 0;
}
#endif
@@ -8215,6 +8218,8 @@ void __init sched_init(void)
rq->online = 0;
rq->idle_stamp = 0;
rq->avg_idle = 2*sysctl_sched_migration_cost;
+ rq->wake_stamp = jiffies;
+ rq->wake_avg_idle = rq->avg_idle;
rq->max_idle_balance_cost = sysctl_sched_migration_cost;

INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rq->cfs_tasks);
diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index 3248e24a90b0..cc7d1144a356 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -6172,9 +6172,10 @@ static int select_idle_cpu(struct task_struct *p, struct sched_domain *sd, bool
{
struct cpumask *cpus = this_cpu_cpumask_var_ptr(select_idle_mask);
int i, cpu, idle_cpu = -1, nr = INT_MAX;
+ struct rq *this_rq = this_rq();
int this = smp_processor_id();
struct sched_domain *this_sd;
- u64 time;
+ u64 time = 0;

this_sd = rcu_dereference(*this_cpu_ptr(&sd_llc));
if (!this_sd)
@@ -6184,12 +6185,21 @@ static int select_idle_cpu(struct task_struct *p, struct sched_domain *sd, bool

if (sched_feat(SIS_PROP) && !has_idle_core) {
u64 avg_cost, avg_idle, span_avg;
+ unsigned long now = jiffies;

/*
- * Due to large variance we need a large fuzz factor;
- * hackbench in particularly is sensitive here.
+ * If we're busy, the assumption that the last idle period
+ * predicts the future is flawed; age away the remaining
+ * predicted idle time.
*/
- avg_idle = this_rq()->avg_idle / 512;
+ if (unlikely(this_rq->wake_stamp < now)) {
+ while (this_rq->wake_stamp < now && this_rq->wake_avg_idle) {
+ this_rq->wake_stamp++;
+ this_rq->wake_avg_idle >>= 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ avg_idle = this_rq->wake_avg_idle;
avg_cost = this_sd->avg_scan_cost + 1;

span_avg = sd->span_weight * avg_idle;
@@ -6221,6 +6231,13 @@ static int select_idle_cpu(struct task_struct *p, struct sched_domain *sd, bool

if (sched_feat(SIS_PROP) && !has_idle_core) {
time = cpu_clock(this) - time;
+
+ /*
+ * Account for the scan cost of wakeups against the average
+ * idle time.
+ */
+ this_rq->wake_avg_idle -= min(this_rq->wake_avg_idle, time);
+
update_avg(&this_sd->avg_scan_cost, time);
}

diff --git a/kernel/sched/sched.h b/kernel/sched/sched.h
index a189bec13729..7bc20e5541cf 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/sched.h
+++ b/kernel/sched/sched.h
@@ -1017,6 +1017,9 @@ struct rq {
u64 idle_stamp;
u64 avg_idle;

+ unsigned long wake_stamp;
+ u64 wake_avg_idle;
+
/* This is used to determine avg_idle's max value */
u64 max_idle_balance_cost;

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2021-06-11 12:16    [W:0.039 / U:0.132 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site