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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 16/22] powerpc/syscall: Avoid stack frame in likely part of system_call_exception()
Excerpts from Christophe Leroy's message of February 9, 2021 1:10 am:
> When r3 is not modified, reload it from regs->orig_r3 to free
> volatile registers. This avoids a stack frame for the likely part
> of system_call_exception()

This doesn't on my 64s build, but it does reduce one non volatile
register save/restore. With quite a bit more register pressure
reduction 64s can avoid the stack frame as well.

It's a cool trick but quite code and compiler specific so I don't know
how worthwhile it is to keep considering we're calling out into random
kernel C code after this.

Maybe just keep it PPC32 specific for the moment, will have to do more
tuning for 64 and we have other stuff to do there first.

If you are happy to make it 32-bit only then

Reviewed-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>

>
> Before the patch:
>
> c000b4d4 <system_call_exception>:
> c000b4d4: 7c 08 02 a6 mflr r0
> c000b4d8: 94 21 ff e0 stwu r1,-32(r1)
> c000b4dc: 93 e1 00 1c stw r31,28(r1)
> c000b4e0: 90 01 00 24 stw r0,36(r1)
> c000b4e4: 90 6a 00 88 stw r3,136(r10)
> c000b4e8: 81 6a 00 84 lwz r11,132(r10)
> c000b4ec: 69 6b 00 02 xori r11,r11,2
> c000b4f0: 55 6b ff fe rlwinm r11,r11,31,31,31
> c000b4f4: 0f 0b 00 00 twnei r11,0
> c000b4f8: 81 6a 00 a0 lwz r11,160(r10)
> c000b4fc: 55 6b 07 fe clrlwi r11,r11,31
> c000b500: 0f 0b 00 00 twnei r11,0
> c000b504: 7c 0c 42 e6 mftb r0
> c000b508: 83 e2 00 08 lwz r31,8(r2)
> c000b50c: 81 82 00 28 lwz r12,40(r2)
> c000b510: 90 02 00 24 stw r0,36(r2)
> c000b514: 7d 8c f8 50 subf r12,r12,r31
> c000b518: 7c 0c 02 14 add r0,r12,r0
> c000b51c: 90 02 00 08 stw r0,8(r2)
> c000b520: 7c 10 13 a6 mtspr 80,r0
> c000b524: 81 62 00 70 lwz r11,112(r2)
> c000b528: 71 60 86 91 andi. r0,r11,34449
> c000b52c: 40 82 00 34 bne c000b560 <system_call_exception+0x8c>
> c000b530: 2b 89 01 b6 cmplwi cr7,r9,438
> c000b534: 41 9d 00 64 bgt cr7,c000b598 <system_call_exception+0xc4>
> c000b538: 3d 40 c0 5c lis r10,-16292
> c000b53c: 55 29 10 3a rlwinm r9,r9,2,0,29
> c000b540: 39 4a 41 e8 addi r10,r10,16872
> c000b544: 80 01 00 24 lwz r0,36(r1)
> c000b548: 7d 2a 48 2e lwzx r9,r10,r9
> c000b54c: 7c 08 03 a6 mtlr r0
> c000b550: 7d 29 03 a6 mtctr r9
> c000b554: 83 e1 00 1c lwz r31,28(r1)
> c000b558: 38 21 00 20 addi r1,r1,32
> c000b55c: 4e 80 04 20 bctr
>
> After the patch:
>
> c000b4d4 <system_call_exception>:
> c000b4d4: 81 6a 00 84 lwz r11,132(r10)
> c000b4d8: 90 6a 00 88 stw r3,136(r10)
> c000b4dc: 69 6b 00 02 xori r11,r11,2
> c000b4e0: 55 6b ff fe rlwinm r11,r11,31,31,31
> c000b4e4: 0f 0b 00 00 twnei r11,0
> c000b4e8: 80 6a 00 a0 lwz r3,160(r10)
> c000b4ec: 54 63 07 fe clrlwi r3,r3,31
> c000b4f0: 0f 03 00 00 twnei r3,0
> c000b4f4: 7d 6c 42 e6 mftb r11
> c000b4f8: 81 82 00 08 lwz r12,8(r2)
> c000b4fc: 80 02 00 28 lwz r0,40(r2)
> c000b500: 91 62 00 24 stw r11,36(r2)
> c000b504: 7c 00 60 50 subf r0,r0,r12
> c000b508: 7d 60 5a 14 add r11,r0,r11
> c000b50c: 91 62 00 08 stw r11,8(r2)
> c000b510: 7c 10 13 a6 mtspr 80,r0
> c000b514: 80 62 00 70 lwz r3,112(r2)
> c000b518: 70 6b 86 91 andi. r11,r3,34449
> c000b51c: 40 82 00 28 bne c000b544 <system_call_exception+0x70>
> c000b520: 2b 89 01 b6 cmplwi cr7,r9,438
> c000b524: 41 9d 00 84 bgt cr7,c000b5a8 <system_call_exception+0xd4>
> c000b528: 80 6a 00 88 lwz r3,136(r10)
> c000b52c: 3d 40 c0 5c lis r10,-16292
> c000b530: 55 29 10 3a rlwinm r9,r9,2,0,29
> c000b534: 39 4a 41 e4 addi r10,r10,16868
> c000b538: 7d 2a 48 2e lwzx r9,r10,r9
> c000b53c: 7d 29 03 a6 mtctr r9
> c000b540: 4e 80 04 20 bctr
>
> Signed-off-by: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@csgroup.eu>
> ---
> arch/powerpc/kernel/interrupt.c | 3 +++
> 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/interrupt.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/interrupt.c
> index 107ec39f05cb..205902052112 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/interrupt.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/interrupt.c
> @@ -117,6 +117,9 @@ notrace long system_call_exception(long r3, long r4, long r5,
> return regs->gpr[3];
> }
> return -ENOSYS;
> + } else {
> + /* Restore r3 from orig_gpr3 to free up a volatile reg */
> + r3 = regs->orig_gpr3;
> }
>
> /* May be faster to do array_index_nospec? */
> --
> 2.25.0
>
>

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