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SubjectRe: [PATCH] KVM: x86: emulate wait-for-SIPI and SIPI-VMExit
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On 22/09/20 07:23, yadong.qi@intel.com wrote:
> From: Yadong Qi <yadong.qi@intel.com>
>
> Background: We have a lightweight HV, it needs INIT-VMExit and
> SIPI-VMExit to wake-up APs for guests since it do not monitor
> the Local APIC. But currently virtual wait-for-SIPI(WFS) state
> is not supported in nVMX, so when running on top of KVM, the L1
> HV cannot receive the INIT-VMExit and SIPI-VMExit which cause
> the L2 guest cannot wake up the APs.
>
> According to Intel SDM Chapter 25.2 Other Causes of VM Exits,
> SIPIs cause VM exits when a logical processor is in
> wait-for-SIPI state.
>
> In this patch:
> 1. introduce SIPI exit reason,
> 2. introduce wait-for-SIPI state for nVMX,
> 3. advertise wait-for-SIPI support to guest.
>
> When L1 hypervisor is not monitoring Local APIC, L0 need to emulate
> INIT-VMExit and SIPI-VMExit to L1 to emulate INIT-SIPI-SIPI for
> L2. L2 LAPIC write would be traped by L0 Hypervisor(KVM), L0 should
> emulate the INIT/SIPI vmexit to L1 hypervisor to set proper state
> for L2's vcpu state.
>
> Handle procdure:
> Source vCPU:
> L2 write LAPIC.ICR(INIT).
> L0 trap LAPIC.ICR write(INIT): inject a latched INIT event to target
> vCPU.
> Target vCPU:
> L0 emulate an INIT VMExit to L1 if is guest mode.
> L1 set guest VMCS, guest_activity_state=WAIT_SIPI, vmresume.
> L0 set vcpu.mp_state to INIT_RECEIVED if (vmcs12.guest_activity_state
> == WAIT_SIPI).
>
> Source vCPU:
> L2 write LAPIC.ICR(SIPI).
> L0 trap LAPIC.ICR write(INIT): inject a latched SIPI event to traget
> vCPU.
> Target vCPU:
> L0 emulate an SIPI VMExit to L1 if (vcpu.mp_state == INIT_RECEIVED).
> L1 set CS:IP, guest_activity_state=ACTIVE, vmresume.
> L0 resume to L2.
> L2 start-up.

Again, this looks good but it needs testcases.

Thanks,

Paolo

> Signed-off-by: Yadong Qi <yadong.qi@intel.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h | 1 +
> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/vmx.h | 2 ++
> arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c | 5 ++--
> arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c | 53 ++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
> 4 files changed, 45 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
> index cd7de4b401fe..bff06dc64c52 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/vmx.h
> @@ -113,6 +113,7 @@
> #define VMX_MISC_PREEMPTION_TIMER_RATE_MASK 0x0000001f
> #define VMX_MISC_SAVE_EFER_LMA 0x00000020
> #define VMX_MISC_ACTIVITY_HLT 0x00000040
> +#define VMX_MISC_ACTIVITY_WAIT_SIPI 0x00000100
> #define VMX_MISC_ZERO_LEN_INS 0x40000000
> #define VMX_MISC_MSR_LIST_MULTIPLIER 512
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/vmx.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/vmx.h
> index b8ff9e8ac0d5..ada955c5ebb6 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/vmx.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/vmx.h
> @@ -32,6 +32,7 @@
> #define EXIT_REASON_EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT 1
> #define EXIT_REASON_TRIPLE_FAULT 2
> #define EXIT_REASON_INIT_SIGNAL 3
> +#define EXIT_REASON_SIPI_SIGNAL 4
>
> #define EXIT_REASON_INTERRUPT_WINDOW 7
> #define EXIT_REASON_NMI_WINDOW 8
> @@ -94,6 +95,7 @@
> { EXIT_REASON_EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT, "EXTERNAL_INTERRUPT" }, \
> { EXIT_REASON_TRIPLE_FAULT, "TRIPLE_FAULT" }, \
> { EXIT_REASON_INIT_SIGNAL, "INIT_SIGNAL" }, \
> + { EXIT_REASON_SIPI_SIGNAL, "SIPI_SIGNAL" }, \
> { EXIT_REASON_INTERRUPT_WINDOW, "INTERRUPT_WINDOW" }, \
> { EXIT_REASON_NMI_WINDOW, "NMI_WINDOW" }, \
> { EXIT_REASON_TASK_SWITCH, "TASK_SWITCH" }, \
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> index 5ccbee7165a2..d04ac7dc6adf 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/lapic.c
> @@ -2839,7 +2839,7 @@ void kvm_apic_accept_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
>
> /*
> * INITs are latched while CPU is in specific states
> - * (SMM, VMX non-root mode, SVM with GIF=0).
> + * (SMM, SVM with GIF=0).
> * Because a CPU cannot be in these states immediately
> * after it has processed an INIT signal (and thus in
> * KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED state), just eat SIPIs
> @@ -2847,7 +2847,8 @@ void kvm_apic_accept_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> */
> if (kvm_vcpu_latch_init(vcpu)) {
> WARN_ON_ONCE(vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED);
> - if (test_bit(KVM_APIC_SIPI, &apic->pending_events))
> + if (test_bit(KVM_APIC_SIPI, &apic->pending_events) &&
> + !is_guest_mode(vcpu))
> clear_bit(KVM_APIC_SIPI, &apic->pending_events);
> return;
> }
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
> index 1bb6b31eb646..fe3bb68df987 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx/nested.c
> @@ -2946,7 +2946,8 @@ static int nested_vmx_check_vmcs_link_ptr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> static int nested_check_guest_non_reg_state(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12)
> {
> if (CC(vmcs12->guest_activity_state != GUEST_ACTIVITY_ACTIVE &&
> - vmcs12->guest_activity_state != GUEST_ACTIVITY_HLT))
> + vmcs12->guest_activity_state != GUEST_ACTIVITY_HLT &&
> + vmcs12->guest_activity_state != GUEST_ACTIVITY_WAIT_SIPI))
> return -EINVAL;
>
> return 0;
> @@ -3543,19 +3544,29 @@ static int nested_vmx_run(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool launch)
> */
> nested_cache_shadow_vmcs12(vcpu, vmcs12);
>
> - /*
> - * If we're entering a halted L2 vcpu and the L2 vcpu won't be
> - * awakened by event injection or by an NMI-window VM-exit or
> - * by an interrupt-window VM-exit, halt the vcpu.
> - */
> - if ((vmcs12->guest_activity_state == GUEST_ACTIVITY_HLT) &&
> - !(vmcs12->vm_entry_intr_info_field & INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK) &&
> - !(vmcs12->cpu_based_vm_exec_control & CPU_BASED_NMI_WINDOW_EXITING) &&
> - !((vmcs12->cpu_based_vm_exec_control & CPU_BASED_INTR_WINDOW_EXITING) &&
> - (vmcs12->guest_rflags & X86_EFLAGS_IF))) {
> + switch (vmcs12->guest_activity_state) {
> + case GUEST_ACTIVITY_HLT:
> + /*
> + * If we're entering a halted L2 vcpu and the L2 vcpu won't be
> + * awakened by event injection or by an NMI-window VM-exit or
> + * by an interrupt-window VM-exit, halt the vcpu.
> + */
> + if (!(vmcs12->vm_entry_intr_info_field & INTR_INFO_VALID_MASK) &&
> + !nested_cpu_has(vmcs12, CPU_BASED_NMI_WINDOW_EXITING) &&
> + !(nested_cpu_has(vmcs12, CPU_BASED_INTR_WINDOW_EXITING) &&
> + (vmcs12->guest_rflags & X86_EFLAGS_IF))) {
> + vmx->nested.nested_run_pending = 0;
> + return kvm_vcpu_halt(vcpu);
> + }
> + break;
> + case GUEST_ACTIVITY_WAIT_SIPI:
> vmx->nested.nested_run_pending = 0;
> - return kvm_vcpu_halt(vcpu);
> + vcpu->arch.mp_state = KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED;
> + break;
> + default:
> + break;
> }
> +
> return 1;
>
> vmentry_failed:
> @@ -3781,7 +3792,20 @@ static int vmx_check_nested_events(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> return -EBUSY;
> nested_vmx_update_pending_dbg(vcpu);
> clear_bit(KVM_APIC_INIT, &apic->pending_events);
> - nested_vmx_vmexit(vcpu, EXIT_REASON_INIT_SIGNAL, 0, 0);
> + if (vcpu->arch.mp_state != KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED)
> + nested_vmx_vmexit(vcpu, EXIT_REASON_INIT_SIGNAL, 0, 0);
> + return 0;
> + }
> +
> + if (lapic_in_kernel(vcpu) &&
> + test_bit(KVM_APIC_SIPI, &apic->pending_events)) {
> + if (block_nested_events)
> + return -EBUSY;
> +
> + clear_bit(KVM_APIC_SIPI, &apic->pending_events);
> + if (vcpu->arch.mp_state == KVM_MP_STATE_INIT_RECEIVED)
> + nested_vmx_vmexit(vcpu, EXIT_REASON_SIPI_SIGNAL, 0,
> + apic->sipi_vector & 0xFFUL);
> return 0;
> }
>
> @@ -6471,7 +6495,8 @@ void nested_vmx_setup_ctls_msrs(struct nested_vmx_msrs *msrs, u32 ept_caps)
> msrs->misc_low |=
> MSR_IA32_VMX_MISC_VMWRITE_SHADOW_RO_FIELDS |
> VMX_MISC_EMULATED_PREEMPTION_TIMER_RATE |
> - VMX_MISC_ACTIVITY_HLT;
> + VMX_MISC_ACTIVITY_HLT |
> + VMX_MISC_ACTIVITY_WAIT_SIPI;
> msrs->misc_high = 0;
>
> /*
>

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