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Subject[PATCH] mm/gup.c: Updating the documentation
Date
This patch is an attempt to update the documentation.

* Adding / removing extra * based on type of function
static / global.

* Added description for functions and their input arguments.

Signed-off-by: Souptick Joarder <jrdr.linux@gmail.com>
---
mm/gup.c | 59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
index 6076df8e..7ce796c 100644
--- a/mm/gup.c
+++ b/mm/gup.c
@@ -722,7 +722,7 @@ static struct page *follow_p4d_mask(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
return follow_pud_mask(vma, address, p4d, flags, ctx);
}

-/**
+/*
* follow_page_mask - look up a page descriptor from a user-virtual address
* @vma: vm_area_struct mapping @address
* @address: virtual address to look up
@@ -1168,7 +1168,7 @@ static bool vma_permits_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
return true;
}

-/*
+/**
* fixup_user_fault() - manually resolve a user page fault
* @tsk: the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
* NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
@@ -1837,7 +1837,7 @@ static long __get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk,
gup_flags | FOLL_TOUCH | FOLL_REMOTE);
}

-/*
+/**
* get_user_pages_remote() - pin user pages in memory
* @tsk: the task_struct to use for page fault accounting, or
* NULL if faults are not to be recorded.
@@ -1868,13 +1868,13 @@ static long __get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk,
*
* Must be called with mmap_sem held for read or write.
*
- * get_user_pages walks a process's page tables and takes a reference to
- * each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
+ * get_user_pages_remote walks a process's page tables and takes a reference
+ * to each struct page that each user address corresponds to at a given
* instant. That is, it takes the page that would be accessed if a user
* thread accesses the given user virtual address at that instant.
*
* This does not guarantee that the page exists in the user mappings when
- * get_user_pages returns, and there may even be a completely different
+ * get_user_pages_remote returns, and there may even be a completely different
* page there in some cases (eg. if mmapped pagecache has been invalidated
* and subsequently re faulted). However it does guarantee that the page
* won't be freed completely. And mostly callers simply care that the page
@@ -1886,17 +1886,17 @@ static long __get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk,
* is written to, set_page_dirty (or set_page_dirty_lock, as appropriate) must
* be called after the page is finished with, and before put_page is called.
*
- * get_user_pages is typically used for fewer-copy IO operations, to get a
- * handle on the memory by some means other than accesses via the user virtual
- * addresses. The pages may be submitted for DMA to devices or accessed via
- * their kernel linear mapping (via the kmap APIs). Care should be taken to
- * use the correct cache flushing APIs.
+ * get_user_pages_remote is typically used for fewer-copy IO operations,
+ * to get a handle on the memory by some means other than accesses
+ * via the user virtual addresses. The pages may be submitted for
+ * DMA to devices or accessed via their kernel linear mapping (via the
+ * kmap APIs). Care should be taken to use the correct cache flushing APIs.
*
* See also get_user_pages_fast, for performance critical applications.
*
- * get_user_pages should be phased out in favor of
+ * get_user_pages_remote should be phased out in favor of
* get_user_pages_locked|unlocked or get_user_pages_fast. Nothing
- * should use get_user_pages because it cannot pass
+ * should use get_user_pages_remote because it cannot pass
* FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY to handle_mm_fault.
*/
long get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
@@ -1935,7 +1935,17 @@ static long __get_user_pages_remote(struct task_struct *tsk,
}
#endif /* !CONFIG_MMU */

-/*
+/**
+ * get_user_pages() - pin user pages in memory
+ * @start: starting user address
+ * @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
+ * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour
+ * @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
+ * Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
+ * only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
+ * @vmas: array of pointers to vmas corresponding to each page.
+ * Or NULL if the caller does not require them.
+ *
* This is the same as get_user_pages_remote(), just with a
* less-flexible calling convention where we assume that the task
* and mm being operated on are the current task's and don't allow
@@ -1958,11 +1968,7 @@ long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_user_pages);

-/*
- * We can leverage the VM_FAULT_RETRY functionality in the page fault
- * paths better by using either get_user_pages_locked() or
- * get_user_pages_unlocked().
- *
+/**
* get_user_pages_locked() is suitable to replace the form:
*
* down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
@@ -1978,6 +1984,21 @@ long get_user_pages(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
* get_user_pages_locked(tsk, mm, ..., pages, &locked);
* if (locked)
* up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
+ *
+ * @start: starting user address
+ * @nr_pages: number of pages from start to pin
+ * @gup_flags: flags modifying lookup behaviour
+ * @pages: array that receives pointers to the pages pinned.
+ * Should be at least nr_pages long. Or NULL, if caller
+ * only intends to ensure the pages are faulted in.
+ * @locked: pointer to lock flag indicating whether lock is held and
+ * subsequently whether VM_FAULT_RETRY functionality can be
+ * utilised. Lock must initially be held.
+ *
+ * We can leverage the VM_FAULT_RETRY functionality in the page fault
+ * paths better by using either get_user_pages_locked() or
+ * get_user_pages_unlocked().
+ *
*/
long get_user_pages_locked(unsigned long start, unsigned long nr_pages,
unsigned int gup_flags, struct page **pages,
--
1.9.1
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