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Subject[PATCH v6 15/16] exec: Fix dead-lock in de_thread with ptrace_attach
Date
This removes the last users of cred_guard_mutex
and replaces it with a new mutex exec_guard_mutex,
and a boolean unsafe_execve_in_progress.

This addresses the case when at least one of the
sibling threads is traced, and therefore the trace
process may dead-lock in ptrace_attach, but de_thread
will need to wait for the tracer to continue execution.

The solution is to detect this situation and make
ptrace_attach and similar functions return -EAGAIN,
but only in a situation where a dead-lock is imminent.

This means this is an API change, but only when the
process is traced while execve happens in a
multi-threaded application.

See tools/testing/selftests/ptrace/vmaccess.c
for a test case that gets fixed by this change.

Signed-off-by: Bernd Edlinger <bernd.edlinger@hotmail.de>
---
fs/exec.c | 44 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
fs/proc/base.c | 13 ++++++++-----
include/linux/sched/signal.h | 14 +++++++++-----
init/init_task.c | 2 +-
kernel/cred.c | 2 +-
kernel/fork.c | 2 +-
kernel/ptrace.c | 20 +++++++++++++++++---
kernel/seccomp.c | 15 +++++++++------
8 files changed, 81 insertions(+), 31 deletions(-)

diff --git a/fs/exec.c b/fs/exec.c
index 0e46ec5..2056562 100644
--- a/fs/exec.c
+++ b/fs/exec.c
@@ -1078,14 +1078,26 @@ static int de_thread(struct task_struct *tsk)
struct signal_struct *sig = tsk->signal;
struct sighand_struct *oldsighand = tsk->sighand;
spinlock_t *lock = &oldsighand->siglock;
+ struct task_struct *t = tsk;

if (thread_group_empty(tsk))
goto no_thread_group;

+ spin_lock_irq(lock);
+ while_each_thread(tsk, t) {
+ if (unlikely(t->ptrace))
+ sig->unsafe_execve_in_progress = true;
+ }
+
+ if (unlikely(sig->unsafe_execve_in_progress)) {
+ spin_unlock_irq(lock);
+ mutex_unlock(&sig->exec_guard_mutex);
+ spin_lock_irq(lock);
+ }
+
/*
* Kill all other threads in the thread group.
*/
- spin_lock_irq(lock);
if (signal_group_exit(sig)) {
/*
* Another group action in progress, just
@@ -1429,22 +1441,30 @@ void finalize_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(finalize_exec);

/*
- * Prepare credentials and lock ->cred_guard_mutex.
+ * Prepare credentials and lock ->exec_guard_mutex.
* install_exec_creds() commits the new creds and drops the lock.
* Or, if exec fails before, free_bprm() should release ->cred and
* and unlock.
*/
static int prepare_bprm_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
{
- if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex))
+ int ret;
+
+ if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex))
return -ERESTARTNOINTR;

+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+ goto out;
+
bprm->cred = prepare_exec_creds();
if (likely(bprm->cred))
return 0;

- mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
- return -ENOMEM;
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+out:
+ mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
+ return ret;
}

static void free_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
@@ -1453,7 +1473,10 @@ static void free_bprm(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
if (bprm->cred) {
if (bprm->called_exec_mmap)
mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_update_mutex);
- mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+ if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+ mutex_lock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
+ current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress = false;
+ mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
abort_creds(bprm->cred);
}
if (bprm->file) {
@@ -1497,19 +1520,22 @@ void install_exec_creds(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
if (get_dumpable(current->mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER)
perf_event_exit_task(current);
/*
- * cred_guard_mutex must be held at least to this point to prevent
+ * exec_guard_mutex must be held at least to this point to prevent
* ptrace_attach() from altering our determination of the task's
* credentials; any time after this it may be unlocked.
*/
security_bprm_committed_creds(bprm);
mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_update_mutex);
- mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+ if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+ mutex_lock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
+ current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress = false;
+ mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(install_exec_creds);

/*
* determine how safe it is to execute the proposed program
- * - the caller must hold ->cred_guard_mutex to protect against
+ * - the caller must hold ->exec_guard_mutex to protect against
* PTRACE_ATTACH or seccomp thread-sync
*/
static void check_unsafe_exec(struct linux_binprm *bprm)
diff --git a/fs/proc/base.c b/fs/proc/base.c
index 6b13fc4..a428536 100644
--- a/fs/proc/base.c
+++ b/fs/proc/base.c
@@ -2680,14 +2680,17 @@ static ssize_t proc_pid_attr_write(struct file * file, const char __user * buf,
}

/* Guard against adverse ptrace interaction */
- rv = mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+ rv = mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
if (rv < 0)
goto out_free;

- rv = security_setprocattr(PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm,
- file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name, page,
- count);
- mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+ if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+ rv = -EAGAIN;
+ else
+ rv = security_setprocattr(PROC_I(inode)->op.lsm,
+ file->f_path.dentry->d_name.name,
+ page, count);
+ mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
out_free:
kfree(page);
out:
diff --git a/include/linux/sched/signal.h b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
index a29df79..e83cef2 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched/signal.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched/signal.h
@@ -212,6 +212,13 @@ struct signal_struct {
#endif

/*
+ * Set while execve is executing but is *not* holding
+ * exec_guard_mutex to avoid possible dead-locks.
+ * Only valid when exec_guard_mutex is held.
+ */
+ bool unsafe_execve_in_progress;
+
+ /*
* Thread is the potential origin of an oom condition; kill first on
* oom
*/
@@ -222,11 +229,8 @@ struct signal_struct {
struct mm_struct *oom_mm; /* recorded mm when the thread group got
* killed by the oom killer */

- struct mutex cred_guard_mutex; /* guard against foreign influences on
- * credential calculations
- * (notably. ptrace)
- * Deprecated do not use in new code.
- * Use exec_update_mutex instead.
+ struct mutex exec_guard_mutex; /* Held while execve runs, except when
+ * a sibling thread is being traced.
*/
struct mutex exec_update_mutex; /* Held while task_struct is being
* updated during exec, and may have
diff --git a/init/init_task.c b/init/init_task.c
index bd403ed..6f96327 100644
--- a/init/init_task.c
+++ b/init/init_task.c
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@
},
.multiprocess = HLIST_HEAD_INIT,
.rlim = INIT_RLIMITS,
- .cred_guard_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(init_signals.cred_guard_mutex),
+ .exec_guard_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(init_signals.exec_guard_mutex),
.exec_update_mutex = __MUTEX_INITIALIZER(init_signals.exec_update_mutex),
#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_TIMERS
.posix_timers = LIST_HEAD_INIT(init_signals.posix_timers),
diff --git a/kernel/cred.c b/kernel/cred.c
index 71a7926..341ca59 100644
--- a/kernel/cred.c
+++ b/kernel/cred.c
@@ -295,7 +295,7 @@ struct cred *prepare_creds(void)

/*
* Prepare credentials for current to perform an execve()
- * - The caller must hold ->cred_guard_mutex
+ * - The caller must hold ->exec_guard_mutex
*/
struct cred *prepare_exec_creds(void)
{
diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
index e23ccac..98012f7 100644
--- a/kernel/fork.c
+++ b/kernel/fork.c
@@ -1593,7 +1593,7 @@ static int copy_signal(unsigned long clone_flags, struct task_struct *tsk)
sig->oom_score_adj = current->signal->oom_score_adj;
sig->oom_score_adj_min = current->signal->oom_score_adj_min;

- mutex_init(&sig->cred_guard_mutex);
+ mutex_init(&sig->exec_guard_mutex);
mutex_init(&sig->exec_update_mutex);

return 0;
diff --git a/kernel/ptrace.c b/kernel/ptrace.c
index 43d6179..221759e 100644
--- a/kernel/ptrace.c
+++ b/kernel/ptrace.c
@@ -392,9 +392,13 @@ static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task, long request,
* under ptrace.
*/
retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
- if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex))
+ if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&task->signal->exec_guard_mutex))
goto out;

+ retval = -EAGAIN;
+ if (unlikely(task->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+ goto unlock_creds;
+
task_lock(task);
retval = __ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS);
task_unlock(task);
@@ -447,7 +451,7 @@ static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task, long request,
unlock_tasklist:
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
unlock_creds:
- mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+ mutex_unlock(&task->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
out:
if (!retval) {
/*
@@ -472,10 +476,18 @@ static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task, long request,
*/
static int ptrace_traceme(void)
{
- int ret = -EPERM;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex))
+ return -ERESTARTNOINTR;
+
+ ret = -EAGAIN;
+ if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+ goto unlock_creds;

write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
/* Are we already being traced? */
+ ret = -EPERM;
if (!current->ptrace) {
ret = security_ptrace_traceme(current->parent);
/*
@@ -490,6 +502,8 @@ static int ptrace_traceme(void)
}
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);

+unlock_creds:
+ mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
return ret;
}

diff --git a/kernel/seccomp.c b/kernel/seccomp.c
index b6ea3dc..acd6960 100644
--- a/kernel/seccomp.c
+++ b/kernel/seccomp.c
@@ -329,7 +329,7 @@ static int is_ancestor(struct seccomp_filter *parent,
/**
* seccomp_can_sync_threads: checks if all threads can be synchronized
*
- * Expects sighand and cred_guard_mutex locks to be held.
+ * Expects sighand and exec_guard_mutex locks to be held.
*
* Returns 0 on success, -ve on error, or the pid of a thread which was
* either not in the correct seccomp mode or did not have an ancestral
@@ -339,9 +339,12 @@ static inline pid_t seccomp_can_sync_threads(void)
{
struct task_struct *thread, *caller;

- BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex));
+ BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex));
assert_spin_locked(&current->sighand->siglock);

+ if (unlikely(current->signal->unsafe_execve_in_progress))
+ return -EAGAIN;
+
/* Validate all threads being eligible for synchronization. */
caller = current;
for_each_thread(caller, thread) {
@@ -371,7 +374,7 @@ static inline pid_t seccomp_can_sync_threads(void)
/**
* seccomp_sync_threads: sets all threads to use current's filter
*
- * Expects sighand and cred_guard_mutex locks to be held, and for
+ * Expects sighand and exec_guard_mutex locks to be held, and for
* seccomp_can_sync_threads() to have returned success already
* without dropping the locks.
*
@@ -380,7 +383,7 @@ static inline void seccomp_sync_threads(unsigned long flags)
{
struct task_struct *thread, *caller;

- BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex));
+ BUG_ON(!mutex_is_locked(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex));
assert_spin_locked(&current->sighand->siglock);

/* Synchronize all threads. */
@@ -1319,7 +1322,7 @@ static long seccomp_set_mode_filter(unsigned int flags,
* while another thread is in the middle of calling exec.
*/
if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC &&
- mutex_lock_killable(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex))
+ mutex_lock_killable(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex))
goto out_put_fd;

spin_lock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
@@ -1337,7 +1340,7 @@ static long seccomp_set_mode_filter(unsigned int flags,
out:
spin_unlock_irq(&current->sighand->siglock);
if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_TSYNC)
- mutex_unlock(&current->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
+ mutex_unlock(&current->signal->exec_guard_mutex);
out_put_fd:
if (flags & SECCOMP_FILTER_FLAG_NEW_LISTENER) {
if (ret) {
--
1.9.1
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