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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 26/29] vfio-pci: Register an iommu fault handler
On 06/06/2019 21:29, Jacob Pan wrote:
>>>>>> iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler(&vdev->pdev->dev);
>>>>> But this can fail if there are pending faults which leaves a
>>>>> device reference and then the system is broken :(
>>>> This series only features unrecoverable errors and for those the
>>>> unregistration cannot fail. Now unrecoverable errors were added I
>>>> admit this is confusing. We need to sort this out or clean the
>>>> dependencies.
>>> As Alex pointed out in 4/29, we can make
>>> iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler() never fail and clean up all
>>> the pending faults in the host IOMMU belong to that device. But the
>>> problem is that if a fault, such as PRQ, has already been injected
>>> into the guest, the page response may come back after handler is
>>> unregistered and registered again.
>> I'm trying to figure out if that would be harmful in any way. I guess
>> it can be a bit nasty if we handle the page response right after
>> having injected a new page request that uses the same PRGI. In any
>> other case we discard the page response, but here we forward it to
>> the endpoint and:
>> * If the response status is success, endpoint retries the
>> translation. The guest probably hasn't had time to handle the new
>> page request and translation will fail, which may lead the endpoint
>> to give up (two unsuccessful translation requests). Or send a new
>> request
> Good point, there shouldn't be any harm if the page response is a
> "fake" success. In fact it could happen in the normal operation when
> PRQs to two devices share the same non-leaf translation structure. The
> worst case is just a retry. I am not aware of the retry limit, is it in
> the PCIe spec? I cannot find it.

I don't think so, it's the implementation's choice. In general I don't
think devices will have a retry limit, but it doesn't seem like the PCI
spec prevents them from implementing one either. It could be useful to
stop retrying after a certain number of faults, for preventing livelocks
when the OS doesn't fix up the page tables and the device would just
repeat the fault indefinitely.

> I think we should just document it, similar to having a spurious
> interrupt. The PRQ trace event should capture that as well.
>> * otherwise the endpoint won't retry the access, and could also
>> disable PRI if the status is failure.
> That would be true regardless this race condition with handler
> registration. So should be fine.

We do give an invalid response for the old PRG (because of unregistering),
but also for the new one, which has a different address that the guest
might be able to page in and would normally return success.

>>> We need a way to reject such page response belong
>>> to the previous life of the handler. Perhaps a sync call to the
>>> guest with your fault queue eventfd? I am not sure.
>> We could simply expect the device driver not to send any page response
>> after unregistering the fault handler. Is there any reason VFIO would
>> need to unregister and re-register the fault handler on a live guest?
> There is no reason for VFIO to unregister and register again, I was
> just thinking from security perspective. Someone could write a VFIO app
> do this attack. But I agree the damage is within the device, may get
> PRI disabled as a result.

Yes I think the damage would always be contained within the misbehaving

> So it seems we agree on the following:
> - iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler() will never fail
> - iommu driver cleans up all pending faults when handler is unregistered
> - assume device driver or guest not sending more page response _after_
> handler is unregistered.
> - system will tolerate rare spurious response
> Sounds right?

Yes, I'll add that to the fault series


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