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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8 26/29] vfio-pci: Register an iommu fault handler
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On 07/06/2019 18:43, Jacob Pan wrote:
>>> So it seems we agree on the following:
>>> - iommu_unregister_device_fault_handler() will never fail
>>> - iommu driver cleans up all pending faults when handler is
>>> unregistered
>>> - assume device driver or guest not sending more page response
>>> _after_ handler is unregistered.
>>> - system will tolerate rare spurious response
>>>
>>> Sounds right?
>>
>> Yes, I'll add that to the fault series
> Hold on a second please, I think we need more clarifications. Ashok
> pointed out to me that the spurious response can be harmful to other
> devices when it comes to mdev, where PRQ group id is not per PASID,
> device may reuse the group number and receiving spurious page response
> can confuse the entire PF.

I don't understand how mdev differs from the non-mdev situation (but I
also still don't fully get how mdev+PASID will be implemented). Is the
following the case you're worried about?

M#: mdev #

# Dev Host mdev drv VFIO/QEMU Guest
====================================================================
1 <- reg(handler)
2 PR1 G1 P1 -> M1 PR1 G1 inject -> M1 PR1 G1
3 <- unreg(handler)
4 <- PS1 G1 P1 (F) |
5 unreg(handler)
6 <- reg(handler)
7 PR2 G1 P1 -> M2 PR2 G1 inject -> M2 PR2 G1
8 <- M1 PS1 G1
9 accept ?? <- PS1 G1 P1
10 <- M2 PS2 G1
11 accept <- PS2 G1 P1


Step 2 injects PR1 for mdev#1. Step 4 auto-responds to PR1. Between
steps 5 and 6, we re-allocate PASID #1 for mdev #2. At step 7, we inject
PR2 for mdev #2. Step 8 is the spurious Page Response for PR1.

But I don't think step 9 is possible, because the mdev driver knows that
mdev #1 isn't using PASID #1 anymore. If the configuration is valid at
all (a page response channel still exists for mdev #1), then mdev #1 now
has a different PASID, e.g. #2, and step 9 would be "<- PS1 G1 P2" which
is rejected by iommu.c (no such pending page request). And step 11 will
be accepted.

If PASIDs are allocated through VCMD, then the situation seems similar:
at step 2 you inject "M1 PR1 G1 P1" into the guest, and at step 8 the
spurious response is "M1 PS1 G1 P1". If mdev #1 doesn't have PASID #1
anymore, then the mdev driver can check that the PASID is invalid and
can reject the page response.

> Having spurious page response is also not
> abiding the PCIe spec. exactly.

We are following the PCI spec though, in that we don't send page
responses for PRGIs that aren't in flight.

> We have two options here:
> 1. unregister handler will get -EBUSY if outstanding fault exists.
> -PROs: block offending device unbind only, eventually timeout
> will clear.
> -CONs: flooded faults can prevent clearing
> 2. unregister handle will block until all faults are clear in the host.
> Never fails unregistration

Here the host completes the faults itself or wait for a response from
the guest? I'm slightly confused by the word "blocking". I'd rather we
don't introduce an uninterruptible sleep in the IOMMU core, since it's
unlikely to ever finish if we rely on the guest to complete things.

> -PROs: simple flow for VFIO, no need to worry about device
> holding reference.
> -CONs: spurious page response may come from
> misbehaving/malicious guest if guest does unregister and
> register back to back.

> It seems the only way to prevent spurious page response is to introduce
> a SW token or sequence# for each PRQ that needs a response. I still
> think option 2 is good.
>
> Consider the following time line:
> decoding
> PR#: page request
> G#: group #
> P#: PASID
> S#: sequence #
> A#: address
> PS#: page response
> (F): Fail
> (S): Success
>
> # Dev Host VFIO/QEMU Guest
> ===========================================================
> 1 <-reg(handler)
> 2 PR1G1S1A1 -> inject -> PR1G1S1A1
> 3 PR2G1S2A2 -> inject -> PR2G1S2A2
> 4. <-unreg(handler)
> 5. <-PR1G1S1A1(F) |
> 6. <-PR2G1S2A2(F) V
> 7. <-unreg(handler)
> 8. <-reg(handler)
> 9 PR3G1S3A1 -> inject -> PR3G1S3A1
> 10. <-PS1G1S1A1
> 11. <reject S1>
> 11. <accept S3> <-PS3G1S3A1
> 12.PS3G1S3A1(S)
>
> The spurious page response comes in at step 10 where the guest sends
> response for the request in step 1. But since the sequence # is 1, host
> IOMMU driver will reject it. At step 11, we accept page response for
> the matching sequence # then respond SUCCESS to the device.
>
> So would it be OK to add this sequence# to iommu_fault and page
> response, or could event reuse the time stamp for that purpose.

With a PV interface we can do what we want, but it can't work with an
IOMMU emulation that only has 9 bits for the PRGI. I suppose we can add
the sequence number but we'll have to handle the case where it isn't
present in the page response (ie. accept it anyway).

Thanks,
Jean

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