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Subject[PATCH v3 5/8] arm64: Fix incorrect irqflag restore for priority masking
Date
When using IRQ priority masking to disable interrupts, in order to deal
with the PSR.I state, local_irq_save() would convert the I bit into a
PMR value (GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF). This resulted in local_irq_restore()
potentially modifying the value of PMR in undesired location due to the
state of PSR.I upon flag saving [1].

In an attempt to solve this issue in a less hackish manner, introduce
a bit (GIC_PRIO_IGNORE_PMR) for the PMR values that can represent
whether PSR.I is being used to disable interrupts, in which case it
takes precedence of the status of interrupt masking via PMR.

GIC_PRIO_IGNORE_PMR is chosen such that (<pmr_value> |
GIC_PRIO_IGNORE_PMR) does not mask more interrupts than <pmr_value> as
some sections (e.g. arch_cpu_idle(), interrupt acknowledge path)
requires PMR not to mask interrupts that could be signaled to the
CPU when using only PSR.I.

[1] https://www.spinics.net/lists/arm-kernel/msg716956.html

Fixes: commit 4a503217ce37 ("arm64: irqflags: Use ICC_PMR_EL1 for interrupt masking")
Signed-off-by: Julien Thierry <julien.thierry@arm.com>
Reported-by: Zenghui Yu <yuzenghui@huawei.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Wei Li <liwei391@huawei.com>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Christoffer Dall <christoffer.dall@arm.com>
Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
Cc: James Morse <james.morse@arm.com>
Cc: Suzuki K Pouloze <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
---
arch/arm64/include/asm/arch_gicv3.h | 4 ++-
arch/arm64/include/asm/daifflags.h | 68 ++++++++++++++++++++++---------------
arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h | 67 +++++++++++++++---------------------
arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 7 ++--
arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h | 10 ++++--
arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S | 38 ++++++++++++++++++---
arch/arm64/kernel/process.c | 2 +-
arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c | 8 +++--
arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c | 2 +-
9 files changed, 123 insertions(+), 83 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/arch_gicv3.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/arch_gicv3.h
index 14b41dd..9e991b6 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/arch_gicv3.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/arch_gicv3.h
@@ -163,7 +163,9 @@ static inline bool gic_prio_masking_enabled(void)

static inline void gic_pmr_mask_irqs(void)
{
- BUILD_BUG_ON(GICD_INT_DEF_PRI <= GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(GICD_INT_DEF_PRI < (GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF |
+ GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET));
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(GICD_INT_DEF_PRI >= GIC_PRIO_IRQON);
gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF);
}

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/daifflags.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/daifflags.h
index db452aa..f93204f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/daifflags.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/daifflags.h
@@ -18,6 +18,7 @@

#include <linux/irqflags.h>

+#include <asm/arch_gicv3.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>

#define DAIF_PROCCTX 0
@@ -32,6 +33,11 @@ static inline void local_daif_mask(void)
:
:
: "memory");
+
+ /* Don't really care for a dsb here, we don't intend to enable IRQs */
+ if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking())
+ gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQON | GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET);
+
trace_hardirqs_off();
}

@@ -43,7 +49,7 @@ static inline unsigned long local_daif_save(void)

if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking()) {
/* If IRQs are masked with PMR, reflect it in the flags */
- if (read_sysreg_s(SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1) <= GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF)
+ if (read_sysreg_s(SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1) != GIC_PRIO_IRQON)
flags |= PSR_I_BIT;
}

@@ -59,36 +65,44 @@ static inline void local_daif_restore(unsigned long flags)
if (!irq_disabled) {
trace_hardirqs_on();

- if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking())
- arch_local_irq_enable();
- } else if (!(flags & PSR_A_BIT)) {
- /*
- * If interrupts are disabled but we can take
- * asynchronous errors, we can take NMIs
- */
if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking()) {
- flags &= ~PSR_I_BIT;
+ gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQON);
+ dsb(sy);
+ }
+ } else if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking()) {
+ u64 pmr;
+
+ if (!(flags & PSR_A_BIT)) {
/*
- * There has been concern that the write to daif
- * might be reordered before this write to PMR.
- * From the ARM ARM DDI 0487D.a, section D1.7.1
- * "Accessing PSTATE fields":
- * Writes to the PSTATE fields have side-effects on
- * various aspects of the PE operation. All of these
- * side-effects are guaranteed:
- * - Not to be visible to earlier instructions in
- * the execution stream.
- * - To be visible to later instructions in the
- * execution stream
- *
- * Also, writes to PMR are self-synchronizing, so no
- * interrupts with a lower priority than PMR is signaled
- * to the PE after the write.
- *
- * So we don't need additional synchronization here.
+ * If interrupts are disabled but we can take
+ * asynchronous errors, we can take NMIs
*/
- arch_local_irq_disable();
+ flags &= ~PSR_I_BIT;
+ pmr = GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF;
+ } else {
+ pmr = GIC_PRIO_IRQON | GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET;
}
+
+ /*
+ * There has been concern that the write to daif
+ * might be reordered before this write to PMR.
+ * From the ARM ARM DDI 0487D.a, section D1.7.1
+ * "Accessing PSTATE fields":
+ * Writes to the PSTATE fields have side-effects on
+ * various aspects of the PE operation. All of these
+ * side-effects are guaranteed:
+ * - Not to be visible to earlier instructions in
+ * the execution stream.
+ * - To be visible to later instructions in the
+ * execution stream
+ *
+ * Also, writes to PMR are self-synchronizing, so no
+ * interrupts with a lower priority than PMR is signaled
+ * to the PE after the write.
+ *
+ * So we don't need additional synchronization here.
+ */
+ gic_write_pmr(pmr);
}

write_sysreg(flags, daif);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
index fbe1aba..b6f757f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/irqflags.h
@@ -67,43 +67,46 @@ static inline void arch_local_irq_disable(void)
*/
static inline unsigned long arch_local_save_flags(void)
{
- unsigned long daif_bits;
unsigned long flags;

- daif_bits = read_sysreg(daif);
-
- /*
- * The asm is logically equivalent to:
- *
- * if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking())
- * flags = (daif_bits & PSR_I_BIT) ?
- * GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF :
- * read_sysreg_s(SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1);
- * else
- * flags = daif_bits;
- */
asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(
- "mov %0, %1\n"
- "nop\n"
- "nop",
- __mrs_s("%0", SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1)
- "ands %1, %1, " __stringify(PSR_I_BIT) "\n"
- "csel %0, %0, %2, eq",
- ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING)
- : "=&r" (flags), "+r" (daif_bits)
- : "r" ((unsigned long) GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF)
- : "cc", "memory");
+ "mrs %0, daif",
+ __mrs_s("%0", SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1),
+ ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING)
+ : "=&r" (flags)
+ :
+ : "memory");

return flags;
}

+static inline int arch_irqs_disabled_flags(unsigned long flags)
+{
+ int res;
+
+ asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(
+ "and %w0, %w1, #" __stringify(PSR_I_BIT),
+ "eor %w0, %w1, #" __stringify(GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF),
+ ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING)
+ : "=&r" (res)
+ : "r" ((int) flags)
+ : "memory");
+
+ return res;
+}
+
static inline unsigned long arch_local_irq_save(void)
{
unsigned long flags;

flags = arch_local_save_flags();

- arch_local_irq_disable();
+ /*
+ * There are too many states with IRQs disabled, just keep the current
+ * state if interrupts are already disabled/masked.
+ */
+ if (!arch_irqs_disabled_flags(flags))
+ arch_local_irq_disable();

return flags;
}
@@ -124,21 +127,5 @@ static inline void arch_local_irq_restore(unsigned long flags)
: "memory");
}

-static inline int arch_irqs_disabled_flags(unsigned long flags)
-{
- int res;
-
- asm volatile(ALTERNATIVE(
- "and %w0, %w1, #" __stringify(PSR_I_BIT) "\n"
- "nop",
- "cmp %w1, #" __stringify(GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF) "\n"
- "cset %w0, ls",
- ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING)
- : "=&r" (res)
- : "r" ((int) flags)
- : "cc", "memory");
-
- return res;
-}
#endif
#endif
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
index 4bcd9c1..fdc0e1c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_host.h
@@ -608,11 +608,12 @@ static inline void kvm_arm_vhe_guest_enter(void)
* will not signal the CPU of interrupts of lower priority, and the
* only way to get out will be via guest exceptions.
* Naturally, we want to avoid this.
+ *
+ * local_daif_mask() already sets IGNORE_PMR, we just need a
+ * dsb to ensure the redistributor is forwards EL2 IRQs to the CPU.
*/
- if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking()) {
- gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQON);
+ if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking())
dsb(sy);
- }
}

static inline void kvm_arm_vhe_guest_exit(void)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
index b2de329..da22422 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/ptrace.h
@@ -35,9 +35,15 @@
* means masking more IRQs (or at least that the same IRQs remain masked).
*
* To mask interrupts, we clear the most significant bit of PMR.
+ *
+ * Some code sections either automatically switch back to PSR.I or explicitly
+ * require to not use priority masking. If bit GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET is included
+ * in the the priority mask, it indicates that PSR.I should be set and
+ * interrupt disabling temporarily does not rely on IRQ priorities.
*/
-#define GIC_PRIO_IRQON 0xf0
-#define GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF (GIC_PRIO_IRQON & ~0x80)
+#define GIC_PRIO_IRQON 0xc0
+#define GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF (GIC_PRIO_IRQON & ~0x80)
+#define GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET (1 << 4)

/* Additional SPSR bits not exposed in the UABI */
#define PSR_IL_BIT (1 << 20)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
index 46358a3..7f92e4b 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/entry.S
@@ -258,6 +258,7 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif
/*
* Registers that may be useful after this macro is invoked:
*
+ * x20 - ICC_PMR_EL1
* x21 - aborted SP
* x22 - aborted PC
* x23 - aborted PSTATE
@@ -449,6 +450,24 @@ alternative_endif
.endm
#endif

+ .macro gic_prio_kentry_setup, tmp:req
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PSEUDO_NMI
+ alternative_if ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING
+ mov x20, #(GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET | GIC_PRIO_IRQON)
+ msr_s SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1, x20
+ alternative_else_nop_endif
+#endif
+ .endm
+
+ .macro gic_prio_irq_setup, pmr:req, tmp:req
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PSEUDO_NMI
+ alternative_if ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING
+ orr \tmp, \pmr, #GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET
+ msr_s SYS_ICC_PMR_EL1, \tmp
+ alternative_else_nop_endif
+#endif
+ .endm
+
.text

/*
@@ -627,6 +646,7 @@ el1_dbg:
cmp x24, #ESR_ELx_EC_BRK64 // if BRK64
cinc x24, x24, eq // set bit '0'
tbz x24, #0, el1_inv // EL1 only
+ gic_prio_kentry_setup tmp=x3
mrs x0, far_el1
mov x2, sp // struct pt_regs
bl do_debug_exception
@@ -644,12 +664,10 @@ ENDPROC(el1_sync)
.align 6
el1_irq:
kernel_entry 1
+ gic_prio_irq_setup pmr=x20, tmp=x1
enable_da_f

#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PSEUDO_NMI
-alternative_if ARM64_HAS_IRQ_PRIO_MASKING
- ldr x20, [sp, #S_PMR_SAVE]
-alternative_else_nop_endif
test_irqs_unmasked res=x0, pmr=x20
cbz x0, 1f
bl asm_nmi_enter
@@ -679,8 +697,9 @@ alternative_else_nop_endif

#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PSEUDO_NMI
/*
- * if IRQs were disabled when we received the interrupt, we have an NMI
- * and we are not re-enabling interrupt upon eret. Skip tracing.
+ * When using IRQ priority masking, we can get spurious interrupts while
+ * PMR is set to GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF. An NMI might also have occurred in a
+ * section with interrupts disabled. Skip tracing in those cases.
*/
test_irqs_unmasked res=x0, pmr=x20
cbz x0, 1f
@@ -809,6 +828,7 @@ el0_ia:
* Instruction abort handling
*/
mrs x26, far_el1
+ gic_prio_kentry_setup tmp=x0
enable_da_f
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
bl trace_hardirqs_off
@@ -854,6 +874,7 @@ el0_sp_pc:
* Stack or PC alignment exception handling
*/
mrs x26, far_el1
+ gic_prio_kentry_setup tmp=x0
enable_da_f
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
bl trace_hardirqs_off
@@ -888,6 +909,7 @@ el0_dbg:
* Debug exception handling
*/
tbnz x24, #0, el0_inv // EL0 only
+ gic_prio_kentry_setup tmp=x3
mrs x0, far_el1
mov x1, x25
mov x2, sp
@@ -909,7 +931,9 @@ ENDPROC(el0_sync)
el0_irq:
kernel_entry 0
el0_irq_naked:
+ gic_prio_irq_setup pmr=x20, tmp=x0
enable_da_f
+
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
bl trace_hardirqs_off
#endif
@@ -931,6 +955,7 @@ ENDPROC(el0_irq)
el1_error:
kernel_entry 1
mrs x1, esr_el1
+ gic_prio_kentry_setup tmp=x2
enable_dbg
mov x0, sp
bl do_serror
@@ -941,6 +966,7 @@ el0_error:
kernel_entry 0
el0_error_naked:
mrs x1, esr_el1
+ gic_prio_kentry_setup tmp=x2
enable_dbg
mov x0, sp
bl do_serror
@@ -965,6 +991,7 @@ work_pending:
*/
ret_to_user:
disable_daif
+ gic_prio_kentry_setup tmp=x3
ldr x1, [tsk, #TSK_TI_FLAGS]
and x2, x1, #_TIF_WORK_MASK
cbnz x2, work_pending
@@ -981,6 +1008,7 @@ ENDPROC(ret_to_user)
*/
.align 6
el0_svc:
+ gic_prio_kentry_setup tmp=x1
mov x0, sp
bl el0_svc_handler
b ret_to_user
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index 3767fb2..58efc37 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -94,7 +94,7 @@ static void __cpu_do_idle_irqprio(void)
* be raised.
*/
pmr = gic_read_pmr();
- gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQON);
+ gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQON | GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET);

__cpu_do_idle();

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
index bb4b3f0..4deaee3 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/smp.c
@@ -192,11 +192,13 @@ static void init_gic_priority_masking(void)

WARN_ON(!(cpuflags & PSR_I_BIT));

- gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF);
-
/* We can only unmask PSR.I if we can take aborts */
- if (!(cpuflags & PSR_A_BIT))
+ if (!(cpuflags & PSR_A_BIT)) {
+ gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQOFF);
write_sysreg(cpuflags & ~PSR_I_BIT, daif);
+ } else {
+ gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQON | GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET);
+ }
}

/*
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
index 8799e0c..b89fcf0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kvm/hyp/switch.c
@@ -615,7 +615,7 @@ int __hyp_text __kvm_vcpu_run_nvhe(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
* Naturally, we want to avoid this.
*/
if (system_uses_irq_prio_masking()) {
- gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQON);
+ gic_write_pmr(GIC_PRIO_IRQON | GIC_PRIO_PSR_I_SET);
dsb(sy);
}

--
1.9.1
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