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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/6] arm64: pmu: Add hook to handle pmu-related undefined instructions
On Fri, May 17, 2019 at 09:10:18AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 02:21:46PM +0100, Raphael Gault wrote:
> > In order to prevent the userspace processes which are trying to access
> > the registers from the pmu registers on a big.LITTLE environment we
> > introduce a hook to handle undefined instructions.
> >
> > The goal here is to prevent the process to be interrupted by a signal
> > when the error is caused by the task being scheduled while accessing
> > a counter, causing the counter access to be invalid. As we are not able
> > to know efficiently the number of counters available physically on both
> > pmu in that context we consider that any faulting access to a counter
> > which is architecturally correct should not cause a SIGILL signal if
> > the permissions are set accordingly.
>
> The other approach is using rseq for this; with that you can guarantee
> it will never issue the instruction on a wrong CPU.
>
> That said; emulating the thing isn't horrible either.

Yup. Attempting to use rseq is on the todo list.

> > + /*
> > + * We put 0 in the target register if we
> > + * are reading from pmu register. If we are
> > + * writing, we do nothing.
> > + */
>
> Wait _what_ ?!? userspace can _WRITE_ to these registers?

Remember that this is in an undefined (trap) handler.

If userspace _attempts_ to write to the registers, the CPU will trap to the
kernel. The comment is perhaps misleading; when we "do nothing", the common
trap handling code will send a SIGILL to userspace.

It would probably be better to say something like:

/*
* If userspace is tries to read a counter that doesn't exist on this
* CPU, we emulate it as reading as zero. This happens if userspace is
* preempted between reading the idx and actually reading the counter,
* and the seqlock and idx have already changed, so it's as-if the
* counter has been reprogrammed with a different event.
*
* We don't permit userspace to write to these registers, and will
* inject a SIGILL.
*/

There is one caveat: userspace can write to PMSELR without trapping, so we will
have to context-switch with the task. That only affects indirect addressing of
PMU registers, and doesn't have a functional effect on the behaviour of the
PMU, so that's benign from the PoV of perf.

Thanks,
Mark.

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