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Subject[PATCH 4.19 111/134] mm: add support for kmem caches in DMA32 zone
Date
4.19-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat@chromium.org>

commit 6d6ea1e967a246f12cfe2f5fb743b70b2e608d4a upstream.

Patch series "iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s: Use DMA32 zone for page tables",
v6.

This is a followup to the discussion in [1], [2].

IOMMUs using ARMv7 short-descriptor format require page tables (level 1
and 2) to be allocated within the first 4GB of RAM, even on 64-bit
systems.

For L1 tables that are bigger than a page, we can just use
__get_free_pages with GFP_DMA32 (on arm64 systems only, arm would still
use GFP_DMA).

For L2 tables that only take 1KB, it would be a waste to allocate a full
page, so we considered 3 approaches:
1. This series, adding support for GFP_DMA32 slab caches.
2. genalloc, which requires pre-allocating the maximum number of L2 page
tables (4096, so 4MB of memory).
3. page_frag, which is not very memory-efficient as it is unable to reuse
freed fragments until the whole page is freed. [3]

This series is the most memory-efficient approach.

stable@ note:
We confirmed that this is a regression, and IOMMU errors happen on 4.19
and linux-next/master on MT8173 (elm, Acer Chromebook R13). The issue
most likely starts from commit ad67f5a6545f ("arm64: replace ZONE_DMA
with ZONE_DMA32"), i.e. 4.15, and presumably breaks a number of Mediatek
platforms (and maybe others?).

[1] https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/iommu/2018-November/030876.html
[2] https://lists.linuxfoundation.org/pipermail/iommu/2018-December/031696.html
[3] https://patchwork.codeaurora.org/patch/671639/

This patch (of 3):

IOMMUs using ARMv7 short-descriptor format require page tables to be
allocated within the first 4GB of RAM, even on 64-bit systems. On arm64,
this is done by passing GFP_DMA32 flag to memory allocation functions.

For IOMMU L2 tables that only take 1KB, it would be a waste to allocate
a full page using get_free_pages, so we considered 3 approaches:
1. This patch, adding support for GFP_DMA32 slab caches.
2. genalloc, which requires pre-allocating the maximum number of L2
page tables (4096, so 4MB of memory).
3. page_frag, which is not very memory-efficient as it is unable
to reuse freed fragments until the whole page is freed.

This change makes it possible to create a custom cache in DMA32 zone using
kmem_cache_create, then allocate memory using kmem_cache_alloc.

We do not create a DMA32 kmalloc cache array, as there are currently no
users of kmalloc(..., GFP_DMA32). These calls will continue to trigger a
warning, as we keep GFP_DMA32 in GFP_SLAB_BUG_MASK.

This implies that calls to kmem_cache_*alloc on a SLAB_CACHE_DMA32
kmem_cache must _not_ use GFP_DMA32 (it is anyway redundant and
unnecessary).

Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20181210011504.122604-2-drinkcat@chromium.org
Signed-off-by: Nicolas Boichat <drinkcat@chromium.org>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@arm.com>
Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Sasha Levin <Alexander.Levin@microsoft.com>
Cc: Huaisheng Ye <yehs1@lenovo.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Yong Wu <yong.wu@mediatek.com>
Cc: Matthias Brugger <matthias.bgg@gmail.com>
Cc: Tomasz Figa <tfiga@google.com>
Cc: Yingjoe Chen <yingjoe.chen@mediatek.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Hsin-Yi Wang <hsinyi@chromium.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
include/linux/slab.h | 2 ++
mm/slab.c | 2 ++
mm/slab.h | 3 ++-
mm/slab_common.c | 2 +-
mm/slub.c | 5 +++++
5 files changed, 12 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

--- a/include/linux/slab.h
+++ b/include/linux/slab.h
@@ -32,6 +32,8 @@
#define SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00002000U)
/* Use GFP_DMA memory */
#define SLAB_CACHE_DMA ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00004000U)
+/* Use GFP_DMA32 memory */
+#define SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00008000U)
/* DEBUG: Store the last owner for bug hunting */
#define SLAB_STORE_USER ((slab_flags_t __force)0x00010000U)
/* Panic if kmem_cache_create() fails */
--- a/mm/slab.c
+++ b/mm/slab.c
@@ -2124,6 +2124,8 @@ done:
cachep->allocflags = __GFP_COMP;
if (flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA)
cachep->allocflags |= GFP_DMA;
+ if (flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA32)
+ cachep->allocflags |= GFP_DMA32;
if (flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
cachep->allocflags |= __GFP_RECLAIMABLE;
cachep->size = size;
--- a/mm/slab.h
+++ b/mm/slab.h
@@ -127,7 +127,8 @@ static inline slab_flags_t kmem_cache_fl


/* Legal flag mask for kmem_cache_create(), for various configurations */
-#define SLAB_CORE_FLAGS (SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_CACHE_DMA | SLAB_PANIC | \
+#define SLAB_CORE_FLAGS (SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN | SLAB_CACHE_DMA | \
+ SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 | SLAB_PANIC | \
SLAB_TYPESAFE_BY_RCU | SLAB_DEBUG_OBJECTS )

#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_SLAB)
--- a/mm/slab_common.c
+++ b/mm/slab_common.c
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ static DECLARE_WORK(slab_caches_to_rcu_d
SLAB_FAILSLAB | SLAB_KASAN)

#define SLAB_MERGE_SAME (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT | SLAB_CACHE_DMA | \
- SLAB_ACCOUNT)
+ SLAB_CACHE_DMA32 | SLAB_ACCOUNT)

/*
* Merge control. If this is set then no merging of slab caches will occur.
--- a/mm/slub.c
+++ b/mm/slub.c
@@ -3539,6 +3539,9 @@ static int calculate_sizes(struct kmem_c
if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA)
s->allocflags |= GFP_DMA;

+ if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA32)
+ s->allocflags |= GFP_DMA32;
+
if (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
s->allocflags |= __GFP_RECLAIMABLE;

@@ -5633,6 +5636,8 @@ static char *create_unique_id(struct kme
*/
if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA)
*p++ = 'd';
+ if (s->flags & SLAB_CACHE_DMA32)
+ *p++ = 'D';
if (s->flags & SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT)
*p++ = 'a';
if (s->flags & SLAB_CONSISTENCY_CHECKS)

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