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Subject[PATCH 2/4] mtd: spi-nor: Add support for Octal 8D-8D-8D mode
Date
According to JESD216C (JEDEC Basic Flash Parameter Table 18th DWORD)
Octal DTR(8D-8D-8D) command and command extension (00b: same, 01b: inverse)
to add extension command mode in spi_nor struct and to add write_cr2
(Write CFG Reg 2) for 8-8-8/8D-8D-8D mode sequences enable.

Define the relevant macrons and enum to add such modes and make sure
op->xxx.dtr fields, command nbytes and extension command are properly
filled and unmask DTR and X-X-X modes in spi_nor_spimem_adjust_hwcaps()
so that DTR and X-X-X support detection is done through
spi_mem_supports_op().

Signed-off-by: Boris Brezillon <boris.brezillon@bootlin.com>
Signed-off-by: Mason Yang <masonccyang@mxic.com.tw>
---
drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c | 159 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h | 58 +++++++++++++--
2 files changed, 206 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
index 7acf4a9..4cdf52d 100644
--- a/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
+++ b/drivers/mtd/spi-nor/spi-nor.c
@@ -320,6 +320,23 @@ static ssize_t spi_nor_spimem_read_data(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t from,
/* convert the dummy cycles to the number of bytes */
op.dummy.nbytes = (nor->read_dummy * op.dummy.buswidth) / 8;

+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(nor->read_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.nbytes = 2;
+
+ if (nor->ext_cmd_mode == EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE)
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = ~nor->read_opcode;
+ else
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = nor->read_opcode;
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(nor->read_proto)) {
+ op.dummy.nbytes *= 2;
+ op.cmd.dtr = true;
+ op.addr.dtr = true;
+ op.dummy.dtr = true;
+ op.data.dtr = true;
+ }
+ }
+
return spi_nor_spimem_xfer_data(nor, &op);
}

@@ -367,6 +384,21 @@ static ssize_t spi_nor_spimem_write_data(struct spi_nor *nor, loff_t to,
if (nor->program_opcode == SPINOR_OP_AAI_WP && nor->sst_write_second)
op.addr.nbytes = 0;

+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.nbytes = 2;
+
+ if (nor->ext_cmd_mode == EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE)
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = ~nor->program_opcode;
+ else
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = nor->program_opcode;
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.dtr = true;
+ op.addr.dtr = true;
+ op.data.dtr = true;
+ }
+ }
+
return spi_nor_spimem_xfer_data(nor, &op);
}

@@ -404,6 +436,30 @@ static int read_sr(struct spi_nor *nor)
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DUMMY,
SPI_MEM_OP_DATA_IN(1, nor->bouncebuf, 1));

+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(nor->read_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.buswidth = 8;
+ op.addr.buswidth = 8;
+ op.dummy.buswidth = 8;
+ op.data.buswidth = 8;
+ op.cmd.nbytes = 2;
+ op.addr.nbytes = 4;
+ op.dummy.nbytes = 4;
+ op.addr.val = 0;
+
+ if (nor->ext_cmd_mode == EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE)
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = ~SPINOR_OP_RDSR;
+ else
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = SPINOR_OP_RDSR;
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(nor->read_proto)) {
+ op.dummy.nbytes *= 2;
+ op.cmd.dtr = true;
+ op.addr.dtr = true;
+ op.dummy.dtr = true;
+ op.data.dtr = true;
+ }
+ }
+
ret = spi_mem_exec_op(nor->spimem, &op);
} else {
ret = nor->read_reg(nor, SPINOR_OP_RDSR, nor->bouncebuf, 1);
@@ -508,6 +564,19 @@ static int write_enable(struct spi_nor *nor)
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DUMMY,
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DATA);

+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.buswidth = 8;
+ op.cmd.nbytes = 2;
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(nor->write_proto))
+ op.cmd.dtr = true;
+
+ if (nor->ext_cmd_mode == EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE)
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = ~SPINOR_OP_WREN;
+ else
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = SPINOR_OP_WREN;
+ }
+
return spi_mem_exec_op(nor->spimem, &op);
}

@@ -526,12 +595,65 @@ static int write_disable(struct spi_nor *nor)
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DUMMY,
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DATA);

+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.buswidth = 8;
+ op.cmd.nbytes = 2;
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(nor->write_proto))
+ op.cmd.dtr = true;
+
+ if (nor->ext_cmd_mode == EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE)
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = ~SPINOR_OP_WRDI;
+ else
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = SPINOR_OP_WRDI;
+ }
+
return spi_mem_exec_op(nor->spimem, &op);
}

return nor->write_reg(nor, SPINOR_OP_WRDI, NULL, 0);
}

+/*
+ * Write configuration register 2 one byte
+ * Returns negative if error occurred.
+ */
+static int write_cr2(struct spi_nor *nor, u32 addr, u8 val)
+{
+ write_enable(nor);
+
+ nor->bouncebuf[0] = val;
+ if (nor->spimem) {
+ struct spi_mem_op op =
+ SPI_MEM_OP(SPI_MEM_OP_CMD(SPINOR_OP_WRCR2, 1),
+ SPI_MEM_OP_ADDR(4, addr, 1),
+ SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DUMMY,
+ SPI_MEM_OP_DATA_OUT(1, nor->bouncebuf, 1));
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.buswidth = 8;
+ op.addr.buswidth = 8;
+ op.data.buswidth = 8;
+ op.cmd.nbytes = 2;
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.dtr = true;
+ op.addr.dtr = true;
+ op.data.dtr = true;
+ }
+
+ if (nor->ext_cmd_mode == EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE)
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = ~SPINOR_OP_WRCR2;
+ else
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = SPINOR_OP_WRCR2;
+ }
+
+ return spi_mem_exec_op(nor->spimem, &op);
+ }
+
+ return -ENOTSUPP;
+}
+
static struct spi_nor *mtd_to_spi_nor(struct mtd_info *mtd)
{
return mtd->priv;
@@ -868,6 +990,19 @@ static int erase_chip(struct spi_nor *nor)
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DUMMY,
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DATA);

+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.buswidth = 8;
+ op.cmd.nbytes = 2;
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(nor->write_proto))
+ op.cmd.dtr = true;
+
+ if (nor->ext_cmd_mode == EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE)
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = ~SPINOR_OP_CHIP_ERASE;
+ else
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = SPINOR_OP_CHIP_ERASE;
+ }
+
return spi_mem_exec_op(nor->spimem, &op);
}

@@ -945,6 +1080,22 @@ static int spi_nor_erase_sector(struct spi_nor *nor, u32 addr)
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DUMMY,
SPI_MEM_OP_NO_DATA);

+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.buswidth = 8;
+ op.addr.buswidth = 8;
+ op.cmd.nbytes = 2;
+
+ if (spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(nor->write_proto)) {
+ op.cmd.dtr = true;
+ op.addr.dtr = true;
+ }
+
+ if (nor->ext_cmd_mode == EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE)
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = ~nor->erase_opcode;
+ else
+ op.cmd.ext_opcode = nor->erase_opcode;
+ }
+
return spi_mem_exec_op(nor->spimem, &op);
}

@@ -2825,6 +2976,7 @@ static int spi_nor_hwcaps_read2cmd(u32 hwcaps)
{ SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_8_8, SNOR_CMD_READ_1_8_8 },
{ SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_8_8_8, SNOR_CMD_READ_8_8_8 },
{ SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_8_8_DTR, SNOR_CMD_READ_1_8_8_DTR },
+ { SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_8_8_8_DTR, SNOR_CMD_READ_8D_8D_8D },
};

return spi_nor_hwcaps2cmd(hwcaps, hwcaps_read2cmd,
@@ -2841,6 +2993,7 @@ static int spi_nor_hwcaps_pp2cmd(u32 hwcaps)
{ SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_1_1_8, SNOR_CMD_PP_1_1_8 },
{ SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_1_8_8, SNOR_CMD_PP_1_8_8 },
{ SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_8_8_8, SNOR_CMD_PP_8_8_8 },
+ { SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_8_8_8_DTR, SNOR_CMD_PP_8D_8D_8D },
};

return spi_nor_hwcaps2cmd(hwcaps, hwcaps_pp2cmd,
@@ -3010,12 +3163,6 @@ static int spi_nor_spimem_check_pp(struct spi_nor *nor,
struct spi_nor_flash_parameter *params = &nor->params;
unsigned int cap;

- /* DTR modes are not supported yet, mask them all. */
- *hwcaps &= ~SNOR_HWCAPS_DTR;
-
- /* X-X-X modes are not supported yet, mask them all. */
- *hwcaps &= ~SNOR_HWCAPS_X_X_X;
-
for (cap = 0; cap < sizeof(*hwcaps) * BITS_PER_BYTE; cap++) {
int rdidx, ppidx;

diff --git a/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h b/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
index fc0b4b1..2e720ca 100644
--- a/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
+++ b/include/linux/mtd/spi-nor.h
@@ -84,6 +84,9 @@
#define SPINOR_OP_BE_4K_4B 0x21 /* Erase 4KiB block */
#define SPINOR_OP_BE_32K_4B 0x5c /* Erase 32KiB block */
#define SPINOR_OP_SE_4B 0xdc /* Sector erase (usually 64KiB) */
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_8_8_8 SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4_4B
+#define SPINOR_OP_PP_8_8_8 SPINOR_OP_PP_4B
+#define SPINOR_OP_PP_8D_8D_8D SPINOR_OP_PP_4B

/* Double Transfer Rate opcodes - defined in JEDEC JESD216B. */
#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_1_DTR 0x0d
@@ -93,6 +96,7 @@
#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_1_1_DTR_4B 0x0e
#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_2_2_DTR_4B 0xbe
#define SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4_DTR_4B 0xee
+#define SPINOR_OP_READ_8D_8D_8D SPINOR_OP_READ_1_4_4_DTR_4B

/* Used for SST flashes only. */
#define SPINOR_OP_BP 0x02 /* Byte program */
@@ -107,6 +111,8 @@
#define XSR_PAGESIZE BIT(0) /* Page size in Po2 or Linear */
#define XSR_RDY BIT(7) /* Ready */

+/* Write CFG Reg 2 - defined in JEDEC JESD216C. */
+#define SPINOR_OP_WRCR2 0x72 /* Write configuration register 2 */

/* Used for Macronix and Winbond flashes. */
#define SPINOR_OP_EN4B 0xb7 /* Enter 4-byte mode */
@@ -150,6 +156,13 @@
/* Status Register 2 bits. */
#define SR2_QUAD_EN_BIT7 BIT(7)

+/* Configuration register 2, offset 0 */
+#define CR2_REG0 0x0
+#define CR2_REG0_MODE_MASK GENMASK(1, 0)
+#define CR2_REG0_MODE_SPI 0
+#define CR2_REG0_MODE_OPI_STR 1
+#define CR2_REG0_MODE_OPI_DTR 2
+
/* Supported SPI protocols */
#define SNOR_PROTO_INST_MASK GENMASK(23, 16)
#define SNOR_PROTO_INST_SHIFT 16
@@ -170,6 +183,7 @@
SNOR_PROTO_DATA_MASK)

#define SNOR_PROTO_IS_DTR BIT(24) /* Double Transfer Rate */
+#define SNOR_PROTO_IS_8D_8D_8D BIT(25) /* Full Octal DTR */

#define SNOR_PROTO_STR(_inst_nbits, _addr_nbits, _data_nbits) \
(SNOR_PROTO_INST(_inst_nbits) | \
@@ -179,6 +193,10 @@
(SNOR_PROTO_IS_DTR | \
SNOR_PROTO_STR(_inst_nbits, _addr_nbits, _data_nbits))

+#define SNOR_PROTO_8D_8D_8D(_nbits) \
+ (SNOR_PROTO_IS_8D_8D_8D | \
+ SNOR_PROTO_STR(_nbits, _nbits, _nbits))
+
enum spi_nor_protocol {
SNOR_PROTO_1_1_1 = SNOR_PROTO_STR(1, 1, 1),
SNOR_PROTO_1_1_2 = SNOR_PROTO_STR(1, 1, 2),
@@ -195,6 +213,7 @@ enum spi_nor_protocol {
SNOR_PROTO_1_2_2_DTR = SNOR_PROTO_DTR(1, 2, 2),
SNOR_PROTO_1_4_4_DTR = SNOR_PROTO_DTR(1, 4, 4),
SNOR_PROTO_1_8_8_DTR = SNOR_PROTO_DTR(1, 8, 8),
+ SNOR_PROTO_8_8_8_DTR = SNOR_PROTO_8D_8D_8D(8),
};

static inline bool spi_nor_protocol_is_dtr(enum spi_nor_protocol proto)
@@ -202,6 +221,16 @@ static inline bool spi_nor_protocol_is_dtr(enum spi_nor_protocol proto)
return !!(proto & SNOR_PROTO_IS_DTR);
}

+static inline bool spi_nor_protocol_is_8_8_8(enum spi_nor_protocol proto)
+{
+ return !!(proto & SNOR_PROTO_8_8_8);
+}
+
+static inline bool spi_nor_protocol_is_8D_8D_8D(enum spi_nor_protocol proto)
+{
+ return !!(proto & SNOR_PROTO_IS_8D_8D_8D);
+}
+
static inline u8 spi_nor_get_protocol_inst_nbits(enum spi_nor_protocol proto)
{
return ((unsigned long)(proto & SNOR_PROTO_INST_MASK)) >>
@@ -349,7 +378,7 @@ struct spi_nor_hwcaps {
* then Quad SPI protocols before Dual SPI protocols, Fast Read and lastly
* (Slow) Read.
*/
-#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_MASK GENMASK(14, 0)
+#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_MASK GENMASK(15, 0)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ BIT(0)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_FAST BIT(1)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_1_1_DTR BIT(2)
@@ -366,11 +395,12 @@ struct spi_nor_hwcaps {
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_4_4_4 BIT(9)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_4_4_DTR BIT(10)

-#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_OCTAL GENMASK(14, 11)
+#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_OCTAL GENMASK(15, 11)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_1_8 BIT(11)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_8_8 BIT(12)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_8_8_8 BIT(13)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_8_8_DTR BIT(14)
+#define SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_8_8_8_DTR BIT(15)

/*
* Page Program capabilities.
@@ -381,7 +411,7 @@ struct spi_nor_hwcaps {
* JEDEC/SFDP standard to define them. Also at this moment no SPI flash memory
* implements such commands.
*/
-#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_MASK GENMASK(22, 16)
+#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_MASK GENMASK(23, 16)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP BIT(16)

#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_QUAD GENMASK(19, 17)
@@ -389,10 +419,17 @@ struct spi_nor_hwcaps {
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_1_4_4 BIT(18)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_4_4_4 BIT(19)

-#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_OCTAL GENMASK(22, 20)
+#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_OCTAL GENMASK(23, 20)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_1_1_8 BIT(20)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_1_8_8 BIT(21)
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_8_8_8 BIT(22)
+#define SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_8_8_8_DTR BIT(23)
+
+#define SNOR_HWCAPS_OPI_FULL_STR (SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_8_8_8 | \
+ SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_8_8_8)
+
+#define SNOR_HWCAPS_OPI_FULL_DTR (SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_8_8_8_DTR | \
+ SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_8_8_8_DTR)

#define SNOR_HWCAPS_X_X_X (SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_2_2_2 | \
SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_4_4_4 | \
@@ -403,7 +440,9 @@ struct spi_nor_hwcaps {
#define SNOR_HWCAPS_DTR (SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_1_1_DTR | \
SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_2_2_DTR | \
SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_4_4_DTR | \
- SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_8_8_DTR)
+ SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_1_8_8_DTR | \
+ SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_8_8_8_DTR | \
+ SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_8_8_8_DTR)

#define SNOR_HWCAPS_ALL (SNOR_HWCAPS_READ_MASK | \
SNOR_HWCAPS_PP_MASK)
@@ -442,6 +481,7 @@ enum spi_nor_read_command_index {
SNOR_CMD_READ_1_8_8,
SNOR_CMD_READ_8_8_8,
SNOR_CMD_READ_1_8_8_DTR,
+ SNOR_CMD_READ_8D_8D_8D,

SNOR_CMD_READ_MAX
};
@@ -458,6 +498,7 @@ enum spi_nor_pp_command_index {
SNOR_CMD_PP_1_1_8,
SNOR_CMD_PP_1_8_8,
SNOR_CMD_PP_8_8_8,
+ SNOR_CMD_PP_8D_8D_8D,

SNOR_CMD_PP_MAX
};
@@ -528,6 +569,11 @@ struct spi_nor_flash_parameter {
*/
struct flash_info;

+enum extension_cmd_mode {
+ EXT_CMD_IS_CMD,
+ EXT_CMD_IS_INVERSE,
+};
+
/**
* struct spi_nor - Structure for defining a the SPI NOR layer
* @mtd: point to a mtd_info structure
@@ -537,6 +583,7 @@ struct spi_nor_flash_parameter {
* @bouncebuf: bounce buffer used when the buffer passed by the MTD
* layer is not DMA-able
* @bouncebuf_size: size of the bounce buffer
+ * @ext_cmd_mode: extension command mode, 0: same, 1: inverse
* @info: spi-nor part JDEC MFR id and other info
* @page_size: the page size of the SPI NOR
* @addr_width: number of address bytes
@@ -575,6 +622,7 @@ struct spi_nor {
struct spi_mem *spimem;
u8 *bouncebuf;
size_t bouncebuf_size;
+ enum extension_cmd_mode ext_cmd_mode;
const struct flash_info *info;
u32 page_size;
u8 addr_width;
--
1.9.1
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