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Subject[PATCH v5 04/14] PM / EM: Expose the Energy Model in sysfs
Date
Expose the Energy Model (read-only) of all frequency domains in sysfs
for convenience. To do so, add a kobject to the CPU subsystem under the
umbrella of which a kobject for each frequency domain is attached.

The resulting hierarchy is as follows for a platform with two frequency
domains for example:

/sys/devices/system/cpu/energy_model
├── fd0
│   ├── cost
│   ├── cpus
│   ├── frequency
│   └── power
└── fd4
├── cost
├── cpus
├── frequency
└── power

In this implementation, the kobject abstraction is only used as a
convenient way of exposing data to sysfs. However, it could also be
used in the future to allocate and release frequency domains in a more
dynamic way using reference counting.

Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Signed-off-by: Quentin Perret <quentin.perret@arm.com>
---
include/linux/energy_model.h | 1 +
kernel/power/energy_model.c | 90 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 91 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/energy_model.h b/include/linux/energy_model.h
index be822ce05c17..4c3a98bd1df4 100644
--- a/include/linux/energy_model.h
+++ b/include/linux/energy_model.h
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@ struct em_cap_state {
struct em_freq_domain {
struct em_cap_state *table; /* Capacity states, in ascending order. */
int nr_cap_states;
+ struct kobject kobj;
unsigned long cpus[0]; /* CPUs of the frequency domain. */
};

diff --git a/kernel/power/energy_model.c b/kernel/power/energy_model.c
index 39740fe728ea..aa6c0bc5e784 100644
--- a/kernel/power/energy_model.c
+++ b/kernel/power/energy_model.c
@@ -23,6 +23,82 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct em_freq_domain *, em_data);
*/
static DEFINE_MUTEX(em_fd_mutex);

+static struct kobject *em_kobject;
+
+/* Getters for the attributes of em_freq_domain objects */
+struct em_fd_attr {
+ struct attribute attr;
+ ssize_t (*show)(struct em_freq_domain *fd, char *buf);
+ ssize_t (*store)(struct em_freq_domain *fd, const char *buf, size_t s);
+};
+
+#define EM_ATTR_LEN 13
+#define show_table_attr(_attr) \
+static ssize_t show_##_attr(struct em_freq_domain *fd, char *buf) \
+{ \
+ ssize_t cnt = 0; \
+ int i; \
+ for (i = 0; i < fd->nr_cap_states; i++) { \
+ if (cnt >= (ssize_t) (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(char) \
+ - (EM_ATTR_LEN + 2))) \
+ goto out; \
+ cnt += scnprintf(&buf[cnt], EM_ATTR_LEN + 1, "%lu ", \
+ fd->table[i]._attr); \
+ } \
+out: \
+ cnt += sprintf(&buf[cnt], "\n"); \
+ return cnt; \
+}
+
+show_table_attr(power);
+show_table_attr(frequency);
+show_table_attr(cost);
+
+static ssize_t show_cpus(struct em_freq_domain *fd, char *buf)
+{
+ return sprintf(buf, "%*pbl\n", cpumask_pr_args(to_cpumask(fd->cpus)));
+}
+
+#define fd_attr(_name) em_fd_##_name##_attr
+#define define_fd_attr(_name) static struct em_fd_attr fd_attr(_name) = \
+ __ATTR(_name, 0444, show_##_name, NULL)
+
+define_fd_attr(power);
+define_fd_attr(frequency);
+define_fd_attr(cost);
+define_fd_attr(cpus);
+
+static struct attribute *em_fd_default_attrs[] = {
+ &fd_attr(power).attr,
+ &fd_attr(frequency).attr,
+ &fd_attr(cost).attr,
+ &fd_attr(cpus).attr,
+ NULL
+};
+
+#define to_fd(k) container_of(k, struct em_freq_domain, kobj)
+#define to_fd_attr(a) container_of(a, struct em_fd_attr, attr)
+
+static ssize_t show(struct kobject *kobj, struct attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct em_freq_domain *fd = to_fd(kobj);
+ struct em_fd_attr *fd_attr = to_fd_attr(attr);
+ ssize_t ret;
+
+ ret = fd_attr->show(fd, buf);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static const struct sysfs_ops em_fd_sysfs_ops = {
+ .show = show,
+};
+
+static struct kobj_type ktype_em_fd = {
+ .sysfs_ops = &em_fd_sysfs_ops,
+ .default_attrs = em_fd_default_attrs,
+};
+
static struct em_freq_domain *em_create_fd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
struct em_data_callback *cb)
{
@@ -102,6 +178,11 @@ static struct em_freq_domain *em_create_fd(cpumask_t *span, int nr_states,
fd->nr_cap_states = nr_states;
cpumask_copy(to_cpumask(fd->cpus), span);

+ ret = kobject_init_and_add(&fd->kobj, &ktype_em_fd, em_kobject,
+ "fd%u", cpu);
+ if (ret)
+ pr_err("fd%d: failed kobject_init_and_add(): %d\n", cpu, ret);
+
return fd;

free_cs_table:
@@ -155,6 +236,15 @@ int em_register_freq_domain(cpumask_t *span, unsigned int nr_states,
*/
mutex_lock(&em_fd_mutex);

+ if (!em_kobject) {
+ em_kobject = kobject_create_and_add("energy_model",
+ &cpu_subsys.dev_root->kobj);
+ if (!em_kobject) {
+ ret = -ENODEV;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+ }
+
for_each_cpu(cpu, span) {
/* Make sure we don't register again an existing domain. */
if (READ_ONCE(per_cpu(em_data, cpu))) {
--
2.18.0
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