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Subject[PATCH 4.15 48/60] KVM: VMX: make MSR bitmaps per-VCPU
Date
4.15-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Paolo Bonzini pbonzini@redhat.com

commit 904e14fb7cb96401a7dc803ca2863fd5ba32ffe6

Place the MSR bitmap in struct loaded_vmcs, and update it in place
every time the x2apic or APICv state can change. This is rare and
the loop can handle 64 MSRs per iteration, in a similar fashion as
nested_vmx_prepare_msr_bitmap.

This prepares for choosing, on a per-VM basis, whether to intercept
the SPEC_CTRL and PRED_CMD MSRs.

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # prereq for Spectre mitigation
Suggested-by: Jim Mattson <jmattson@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 276 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------------
1 file changed, 150 insertions(+), 126 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
@@ -111,6 +111,14 @@ static u64 __read_mostly host_xss;
static bool __read_mostly enable_pml = 1;
module_param_named(pml, enable_pml, bool, S_IRUGO);

+#define MSR_TYPE_R 1
+#define MSR_TYPE_W 2
+#define MSR_TYPE_RW 3
+
+#define MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC 1
+#define MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC_APICV 2
+#define MSR_BITMAP_MODE_LM 4
+
#define KVM_VMX_TSC_MULTIPLIER_MAX 0xffffffffffffffffULL

/* Guest_tsc -> host_tsc conversion requires 64-bit division. */
@@ -209,6 +217,7 @@ struct loaded_vmcs {
int soft_vnmi_blocked;
ktime_t entry_time;
s64 vnmi_blocked_time;
+ unsigned long *msr_bitmap;
struct list_head loaded_vmcss_on_cpu_link;
};

@@ -449,8 +458,6 @@ struct nested_vmx {
bool pi_pending;
u16 posted_intr_nv;

- unsigned long *msr_bitmap;
-
struct hrtimer preemption_timer;
bool preemption_timer_expired;

@@ -573,6 +580,7 @@ struct vcpu_vmx {
struct kvm_vcpu vcpu;
unsigned long host_rsp;
u8 fail;
+ u8 msr_bitmap_mode;
u32 exit_intr_info;
u32 idt_vectoring_info;
ulong rflags;
@@ -927,6 +935,7 @@ static bool vmx_get_nmi_mask(struct kvm_
static void vmx_set_nmi_mask(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool masked);
static bool nested_vmx_is_page_fault_vmexit(struct vmcs12 *vmcs12,
u16 error_code);
+static void vmx_update_msr_bitmap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmcs *, vmxarea);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct vmcs *, current_vmcs);
@@ -946,12 +955,6 @@ static DEFINE_PER_CPU(spinlock_t, blocke
enum {
VMX_IO_BITMAP_A,
VMX_IO_BITMAP_B,
- VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LEGACY,
- VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LONGMODE,
- VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LEGACY_X2APIC_APICV,
- VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LONGMODE_X2APIC_APICV,
- VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LEGACY_X2APIC,
- VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LONGMODE_X2APIC,
VMX_VMREAD_BITMAP,
VMX_VMWRITE_BITMAP,
VMX_BITMAP_NR
@@ -961,12 +964,6 @@ static unsigned long *vmx_bitmap[VMX_BIT

#define vmx_io_bitmap_a (vmx_bitmap[VMX_IO_BITMAP_A])
#define vmx_io_bitmap_b (vmx_bitmap[VMX_IO_BITMAP_B])
-#define vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy (vmx_bitmap[VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LEGACY])
-#define vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode (vmx_bitmap[VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LONGMODE])
-#define vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic_apicv (vmx_bitmap[VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LEGACY_X2APIC_APICV])
-#define vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic_apicv (vmx_bitmap[VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LONGMODE_X2APIC_APICV])
-#define vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic (vmx_bitmap[VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LEGACY_X2APIC])
-#define vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic (vmx_bitmap[VMX_MSR_BITMAP_LONGMODE_X2APIC])
#define vmx_vmread_bitmap (vmx_bitmap[VMX_VMREAD_BITMAP])
#define vmx_vmwrite_bitmap (vmx_bitmap[VMX_VMWRITE_BITMAP])

@@ -2564,36 +2561,6 @@ static void move_msr_up(struct vcpu_vmx
vmx->guest_msrs[from] = tmp;
}

-static void vmx_set_msr_bitmap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
-{
- unsigned long *msr_bitmap;
-
- if (is_guest_mode(vcpu))
- msr_bitmap = to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.msr_bitmap;
- else if (cpu_has_secondary_exec_ctrls() &&
- (vmcs_read32(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL) &
- SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUALIZE_X2APIC_MODE)) {
- if (enable_apicv && kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu)) {
- if (is_long_mode(vcpu))
- msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic_apicv;
- else
- msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic_apicv;
- } else {
- if (is_long_mode(vcpu))
- msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic;
- else
- msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic;
- }
- } else {
- if (is_long_mode(vcpu))
- msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode;
- else
- msr_bitmap = vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy;
- }
-
- vmcs_write64(MSR_BITMAP, __pa(msr_bitmap));
-}
-
/*
* Set up the vmcs to automatically save and restore system
* msrs. Don't touch the 64-bit msrs if the guest is in legacy
@@ -2634,7 +2601,7 @@ static void setup_msrs(struct vcpu_vmx *
vmx->save_nmsrs = save_nmsrs;

if (cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap())
- vmx_set_msr_bitmap(&vmx->vcpu);
+ vmx_update_msr_bitmap(&vmx->vcpu);
}

/*
@@ -3844,6 +3811,8 @@ static void free_loaded_vmcs(struct load
loaded_vmcs_clear(loaded_vmcs);
free_vmcs(loaded_vmcs->vmcs);
loaded_vmcs->vmcs = NULL;
+ if (loaded_vmcs->msr_bitmap)
+ free_page((unsigned long)loaded_vmcs->msr_bitmap);
WARN_ON(loaded_vmcs->shadow_vmcs != NULL);
}

@@ -3860,7 +3829,18 @@ static int alloc_loaded_vmcs(struct load

loaded_vmcs->shadow_vmcs = NULL;
loaded_vmcs_init(loaded_vmcs);
+
+ if (cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap()) {
+ loaded_vmcs->msr_bitmap = (unsigned long *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!loaded_vmcs->msr_bitmap)
+ goto out_vmcs;
+ memset(loaded_vmcs->msr_bitmap, 0xff, PAGE_SIZE);
+ }
return 0;
+
+out_vmcs:
+ free_loaded_vmcs(loaded_vmcs);
+ return -ENOMEM;
}

static void free_kvm_area(void)
@@ -4921,10 +4901,8 @@ static void free_vpid(int vpid)
spin_unlock(&vmx_vpid_lock);
}

-#define MSR_TYPE_R 1
-#define MSR_TYPE_W 2
-static void __vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(unsigned long *msr_bitmap,
- u32 msr, int type)
+static void __always_inline vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(unsigned long *msr_bitmap,
+ u32 msr, int type)
{
int f = sizeof(unsigned long);

@@ -4958,6 +4936,50 @@ static void __vmx_disable_intercept_for_
}
}

+static void __always_inline vmx_enable_intercept_for_msr(unsigned long *msr_bitmap,
+ u32 msr, int type)
+{
+ int f = sizeof(unsigned long);
+
+ if (!cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap())
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * See Intel PRM Vol. 3, 20.6.9 (MSR-Bitmap Address). Early manuals
+ * have the write-low and read-high bitmap offsets the wrong way round.
+ * We can control MSRs 0x00000000-0x00001fff and 0xc0000000-0xc0001fff.
+ */
+ if (msr <= 0x1fff) {
+ if (type & MSR_TYPE_R)
+ /* read-low */
+ __set_bit(msr, msr_bitmap + 0x000 / f);
+
+ if (type & MSR_TYPE_W)
+ /* write-low */
+ __set_bit(msr, msr_bitmap + 0x800 / f);
+
+ } else if ((msr >= 0xc0000000) && (msr <= 0xc0001fff)) {
+ msr &= 0x1fff;
+ if (type & MSR_TYPE_R)
+ /* read-high */
+ __set_bit(msr, msr_bitmap + 0x400 / f);
+
+ if (type & MSR_TYPE_W)
+ /* write-high */
+ __set_bit(msr, msr_bitmap + 0xc00 / f);
+
+ }
+}
+
+static void __always_inline vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(unsigned long *msr_bitmap,
+ u32 msr, int type, bool value)
+{
+ if (value)
+ vmx_enable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, msr, type);
+ else
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, msr, type);
+}
+
/*
* If a msr is allowed by L0, we should check whether it is allowed by L1.
* The corresponding bit will be cleared unless both of L0 and L1 allow it.
@@ -5004,28 +5026,68 @@ static void nested_vmx_disable_intercept
}
}

-static void vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(u32 msr, bool longmode_only)
+static u8 vmx_msr_bitmap_mode(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
{
- if (!longmode_only)
- __vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy,
- msr, MSR_TYPE_R | MSR_TYPE_W);
- __vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode,
- msr, MSR_TYPE_R | MSR_TYPE_W);
-}
-
-static void vmx_disable_intercept_msr_x2apic(u32 msr, int type, bool apicv_active)
-{
- if (apicv_active) {
- __vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic_apicv,
- msr, type);
- __vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic_apicv,
- msr, type);
- } else {
- __vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic,
- msr, type);
- __vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic,
- msr, type);
+ u8 mode = 0;
+
+ if (cpu_has_secondary_exec_ctrls() &&
+ (vmcs_read32(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL) &
+ SECONDARY_EXEC_VIRTUALIZE_X2APIC_MODE)) {
+ mode |= MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC;
+ if (enable_apicv && kvm_vcpu_apicv_active(vcpu))
+ mode |= MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC_APICV;
+ }
+
+ if (is_long_mode(vcpu))
+ mode |= MSR_BITMAP_MODE_LM;
+
+ return mode;
+}
+
+#define X2APIC_MSR(r) (APIC_BASE_MSR + ((r) >> 4))
+
+static void vmx_update_msr_bitmap_x2apic(unsigned long *msr_bitmap,
+ u8 mode)
+{
+ int msr;
+
+ for (msr = 0x800; msr <= 0x8ff; msr += BITS_PER_LONG) {
+ unsigned word = msr / BITS_PER_LONG;
+ msr_bitmap[word] = (mode & MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC_APICV) ? 0 : ~0;
+ msr_bitmap[word + (0x800 / sizeof(long))] = ~0;
}
+
+ if (mode & MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC) {
+ /*
+ * TPR reads and writes can be virtualized even if virtual interrupt
+ * delivery is not in use.
+ */
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, X2APIC_MSR(APIC_TASKPRI), MSR_TYPE_RW);
+ if (mode & MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC_APICV) {
+ vmx_enable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, X2APIC_MSR(APIC_TMCCT), MSR_TYPE_R);
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, X2APIC_MSR(APIC_EOI), MSR_TYPE_W);
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, X2APIC_MSR(APIC_SELF_IPI), MSR_TYPE_W);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void vmx_update_msr_bitmap(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
+{
+ struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = to_vmx(vcpu);
+ unsigned long *msr_bitmap = vmx->vmcs01.msr_bitmap;
+ u8 mode = vmx_msr_bitmap_mode(vcpu);
+ u8 changed = mode ^ vmx->msr_bitmap_mode;
+
+ if (!changed)
+ return;
+
+ vmx_set_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, MSR_TYPE_RW,
+ !(mode & MSR_BITMAP_MODE_LM));
+
+ if (changed & (MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC | MSR_BITMAP_MODE_X2APIC_APICV))
+ vmx_update_msr_bitmap_x2apic(msr_bitmap, mode);
+
+ vmx->msr_bitmap_mode = mode;
}

static bool vmx_get_enable_apicv(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
@@ -5277,7 +5339,7 @@ static void vmx_refresh_apicv_exec_ctrl(
}

if (cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap())
- vmx_set_msr_bitmap(vcpu);
+ vmx_update_msr_bitmap(vcpu);
}

static u32 vmx_exec_control(struct vcpu_vmx *vmx)
@@ -5464,7 +5526,7 @@ static void vmx_vcpu_setup(struct vcpu_v
vmcs_write64(VMWRITE_BITMAP, __pa(vmx_vmwrite_bitmap));
}
if (cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap())
- vmcs_write64(MSR_BITMAP, __pa(vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy));
+ vmcs_write64(MSR_BITMAP, __pa(vmx->vmcs01.msr_bitmap));

vmcs_write64(VMCS_LINK_POINTER, -1ull); /* 22.3.1.5 */

@@ -6747,7 +6809,7 @@ void vmx_enable_tdp(void)

static __init int hardware_setup(void)
{
- int r = -ENOMEM, i, msr;
+ int r = -ENOMEM, i;

rdmsrl_safe(MSR_EFER, &host_efer);

@@ -6767,9 +6829,6 @@ static __init int hardware_setup(void)

memset(vmx_io_bitmap_b, 0xff, PAGE_SIZE);

- memset(vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy, 0xff, PAGE_SIZE);
- memset(vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode, 0xff, PAGE_SIZE);
-
if (setup_vmcs_config(&vmcs_config) < 0) {
r = -EIO;
goto out;
@@ -6838,42 +6897,8 @@ static __init int hardware_setup(void)
kvm_tsc_scaling_ratio_frac_bits = 48;
}

- vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_FS_BASE, false);
- vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_GS_BASE, false);
- vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, true);
- vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, false);
- vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP, false);
- vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP, false);
-
- memcpy(vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic_apicv,
- vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy, PAGE_SIZE);
- memcpy(vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic_apicv,
- vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode, PAGE_SIZE);
- memcpy(vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy_x2apic,
- vmx_msr_bitmap_legacy, PAGE_SIZE);
- memcpy(vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode_x2apic,
- vmx_msr_bitmap_longmode, PAGE_SIZE);
-
set_bit(0, vmx_vpid_bitmap); /* 0 is reserved for host */

- for (msr = 0x800; msr <= 0x8ff; msr++) {
- if (msr == 0x839 /* TMCCT */)
- continue;
- vmx_disable_intercept_msr_x2apic(msr, MSR_TYPE_R, true);
- }
-
- /*
- * TPR reads and writes can be virtualized even if virtual interrupt
- * delivery is not in use.
- */
- vmx_disable_intercept_msr_x2apic(0x808, MSR_TYPE_W, true);
- vmx_disable_intercept_msr_x2apic(0x808, MSR_TYPE_R | MSR_TYPE_W, false);
-
- /* EOI */
- vmx_disable_intercept_msr_x2apic(0x80b, MSR_TYPE_W, true);
- /* SELF-IPI */
- vmx_disable_intercept_msr_x2apic(0x83f, MSR_TYPE_W, true);
-
if (enable_ept)
vmx_enable_tdp();
else
@@ -7162,13 +7187,6 @@ static int enter_vmx_operation(struct kv
if (r < 0)
goto out_vmcs02;

- if (cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap()) {
- vmx->nested.msr_bitmap =
- (unsigned long *)__get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
- if (!vmx->nested.msr_bitmap)
- goto out_msr_bitmap;
- }
-
vmx->nested.cached_vmcs12 = kmalloc(VMCS12_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!vmx->nested.cached_vmcs12)
goto out_cached_vmcs12;
@@ -7195,9 +7213,6 @@ out_shadow_vmcs:
kfree(vmx->nested.cached_vmcs12);

out_cached_vmcs12:
- free_page((unsigned long)vmx->nested.msr_bitmap);
-
-out_msr_bitmap:
free_loaded_vmcs(&vmx->nested.vmcs02);

out_vmcs02:
@@ -7343,10 +7358,6 @@ static void free_nested(struct vcpu_vmx
free_vpid(vmx->nested.vpid02);
vmx->nested.posted_intr_nv = -1;
vmx->nested.current_vmptr = -1ull;
- if (vmx->nested.msr_bitmap) {
- free_page((unsigned long)vmx->nested.msr_bitmap);
- vmx->nested.msr_bitmap = NULL;
- }
if (enable_shadow_vmcs) {
vmx_disable_shadow_vmcs(vmx);
vmcs_clear(vmx->vmcs01.shadow_vmcs);
@@ -8862,7 +8873,7 @@ static void vmx_set_virtual_x2apic_mode(
}
vmcs_write32(SECONDARY_VM_EXEC_CONTROL, sec_exec_control);

- vmx_set_msr_bitmap(vcpu);
+ vmx_update_msr_bitmap(vcpu);
}

static void vmx_set_apic_access_page_addr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, hpa_t hpa)
@@ -9523,6 +9534,7 @@ static struct kvm_vcpu *vmx_create_vcpu(
{
int err;
struct vcpu_vmx *vmx = kmem_cache_zalloc(kvm_vcpu_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
+ unsigned long *msr_bitmap;
int cpu;

if (!vmx)
@@ -9559,6 +9571,15 @@ static struct kvm_vcpu *vmx_create_vcpu(
if (err < 0)
goto free_msrs;

+ msr_bitmap = vmx->vmcs01.msr_bitmap;
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_FS_BASE, MSR_TYPE_RW);
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_GS_BASE, MSR_TYPE_RW);
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_KERNEL_GS_BASE, MSR_TYPE_RW);
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_CS, MSR_TYPE_RW);
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_ESP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
+ vmx_disable_intercept_for_msr(msr_bitmap, MSR_IA32_SYSENTER_EIP, MSR_TYPE_RW);
+ vmx->msr_bitmap_mode = 0;
+
vmx->loaded_vmcs = &vmx->vmcs01;
cpu = get_cpu();
vmx_vcpu_load(&vmx->vcpu, cpu);
@@ -10022,7 +10043,7 @@ static inline bool nested_vmx_merge_msr_
int msr;
struct page *page;
unsigned long *msr_bitmap_l1;
- unsigned long *msr_bitmap_l0 = to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.msr_bitmap;
+ unsigned long *msr_bitmap_l0 = to_vmx(vcpu)->nested.vmcs02.msr_bitmap;

/* This shortcut is ok because we support only x2APIC MSRs so far. */
if (!nested_cpu_has_virt_x2apic_mode(vmcs12))
@@ -10599,6 +10620,9 @@ static int prepare_vmcs02(struct kvm_vcp
if (kvm_has_tsc_control)
decache_tsc_multiplier(vmx);

+ if (cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap())
+ vmcs_write64(MSR_BITMAP, __pa(vmx->nested.vmcs02.msr_bitmap));
+
if (enable_vpid) {
/*
* There is no direct mapping between vpid02 and vpid12, the
@@ -11397,7 +11421,7 @@ static void load_vmcs12_host_state(struc
vmcs_write64(GUEST_IA32_DEBUGCTL, 0);

if (cpu_has_vmx_msr_bitmap())
- vmx_set_msr_bitmap(vcpu);
+ vmx_update_msr_bitmap(vcpu);

if (nested_vmx_load_msr(vcpu, vmcs12->vm_exit_msr_load_addr,
vmcs12->vm_exit_msr_load_count))

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