lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2017]   [Jul]   [25]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 02/28] x86/intel_rdt/cqm: Documentation for resctrl based RDT Monitoring
Date
Add a description of resctrl based RDT(resource director technology)
monitoring extension and its usage.

[Tony: Added descriptions for how monitoring and allocation are measured
and some cleanups]

Signed-off-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Vikas Shivappa <vikas.shivappa@linux.intel.com>
---
Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt | 316 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 278 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt b/Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt
index c491a1b..76f21e2 100644
--- a/Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt
+++ b/Documentation/x86/intel_rdt_ui.txt
@@ -6,8 +6,8 @@ Fenghua Yu <fenghua.yu@intel.com>
Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Vikas Shivappa <vikas.shivappa@intel.com>

-This feature is enabled by the CONFIG_INTEL_RDT_A Kconfig and the
-X86 /proc/cpuinfo flag bits "rdt", "cat_l3" and "cdp_l3".
+This feature is enabled by the CONFIG_INTEL_RDT Kconfig and the
+X86 /proc/cpuinfo flag bits "rdt", "cqm", "cat_l3" and "cdp_l3".

To use the feature mount the file system:

@@ -17,6 +17,13 @@ mount options are:

"cdp": Enable code/data prioritization in L3 cache allocations.

+RDT features are orthogonal. A particular system may support only
+monitoring, only control, or both monitoring and control.
+
+The mount succeeds if either of allocation or monitoring is present, but
+only those files and directories supported by the system will be created.
+For more details on the behavior of the interface during monitoring
+and allocation, see the "Resource alloc and monitor groups" section.

Info directory
--------------
@@ -24,7 +31,12 @@ Info directory
The 'info' directory contains information about the enabled
resources. Each resource has its own subdirectory. The subdirectory
names reflect the resource names.
-Cache resource(L3/L2) subdirectory contains the following files:
+
+Each subdirectory contains the following files with respect to
+allocation:
+
+Cache resource(L3/L2) subdirectory contains the following files
+related to allocation:

"num_closids": The number of CLOSIDs which are valid for this
resource. The kernel uses the smallest number of
@@ -36,7 +48,8 @@ Cache resource(L3/L2) subdirectory contains the following files:
"min_cbm_bits": The minimum number of consecutive bits which
must be set when writing a mask.

-Memory bandwitdh(MB) subdirectory contains the following files:
+Memory bandwitdh(MB) subdirectory contains the following files
+with respect to allocation:

"min_bandwidth": The minimum memory bandwidth percentage which
user can request.
@@ -52,48 +65,152 @@ Memory bandwitdh(MB) subdirectory contains the following files:
non-linear. This field is purely informational
only.

-Resource groups
----------------
+If RDT monitoring is available there will be an "L3_MON" directory
+with the following files:
+
+"num_rmids": The number of RMIDs available. This is the
+ upper bound for how many "CTRL_MON" + "MON"
+ groups can be created.
+
+"mon_features": Lists the monitoring events if
+ monitoring is enabled for the resource.
+
+"max_threshold_occupancy":
+ Read/write file provides the largest value (in
+ bytes) at which a previously used LLC_occupancy
+ counter can be considered for re-use.
+
+
+Resource alloc and monitor groups
+---------------------------------
+
Resource groups are represented as directories in the resctrl file
-system. The default group is the root directory. Other groups may be
-created as desired by the system administrator using the "mkdir(1)"
-command, and removed using "rmdir(1)".
+system. The default group is the root directory which, immediately
+after mounting, owns all the tasks and cpus in the system and can make
+full use of all resources.
+
+On a system with RDT control features additional directories can be
+created in the root directory that specify different amounts of each
+resource (see "schemata" below). The root and these additional top level
+directories are referred to as "CTRL_MON" groups below.
+
+On a system with RDT monitoring the root directory and other top level
+directories contain a directory named "mon_groups" in which additional
+directories can be created to monitor subsets of tasks in the CTRL_MON
+group that is their ancestor. These are called "MON" groups in the rest
+of this document.
+
+Removing a directory will move all tasks and cpus owned by the group it
+represents to the parent. Removing one of the created CTRL_MON groups
+will automatically remove all MON groups below it.
+
+All groups contain the following files:
+
+"tasks":
+ Reading this file shows the list of all tasks that belong to
+ this group. Writing a task id to the file will add a task to the
+ group. If the group is a CTRL_MON group the task is removed from
+ whichever previous CTRL_MON group owned the task and also from
+ any MON group that owned the task. If the group is a MON group,
+ then the task must already belong to the CTRL_MON parent of this
+ group. The task is removed from any previous MON group.
+
+
+"cpus":
+ Reading this file shows a bitmask of the logical CPUs owned by
+ this group. Writing a mask to this file will add and remove
+ CPUs to/from this group. As with the tasks file a hierarchy is
+ maintained where MON groups may only include CPUs owned by the
+ parent CTRL_MON group.
+
+
+"cpus_list":
+ Just like "cpus", only using ranges of CPUs instead of bitmasks.

-There are three files associated with each group:

-"tasks": A list of tasks that belongs to this group. Tasks can be
- added to a group by writing the task ID to the "tasks" file
- (which will automatically remove them from the previous
- group to which they belonged). New tasks created by fork(2)
- and clone(2) are added to the same group as their parent.
- If a pid is not in any sub partition, it is in root partition
- (i.e. default partition).
+When control is enabled all CTRL_MON groups will also contain:

-"cpus": A bitmask of logical CPUs assigned to this group. Writing
- a new mask can add/remove CPUs from this group. Added CPUs
- are removed from their previous group. Removed ones are
- given to the default (root) group. You cannot remove CPUs
- from the default group.
+"schemata":
+ A list of all the resources available to this group.
+ Each resource has its own line and format - see below for details.

-"cpus_list": One or more CPU ranges of logical CPUs assigned to this
- group. Same rules apply like for the "cpus" file.
+When monitoring is enabled all MON groups will also contain:

-"schemata": A list of all the resources available to this group.
- Each resource has its own line and format - see below for
- details.
+"mon_data":
+ This contains a set of files organized by L3 domain and by
+ RDT event. E.g. on a system with two L3 domains there will
+ be subdirectories "mon_L3_00" and "mon_L3_01". Each of these
+ directories have one file per event (e.g. "llc_occupancy",
+ "mbm_total_bytes", and "mbm_local_bytes"). In a MON group these
+ files provide a read out of the current value of the event for
+ all tasks in the group. In CTRL_MON groups these files provide
+ the sum for all tasks in the CTRL_MON group and all tasks in
+ MON groups. Please see example section for more details on usage.

-When a task is running the following rules define which resources
-are available to it:
+Resource allocation rules
+-------------------------
+When a task is running the following rules define which resources are
+available to it:

1) If the task is a member of a non-default group, then the schemata
-for that group is used.
+ for that group is used.

2) Else if the task belongs to the default group, but is running on a
-CPU that is assigned to some specific group, then the schemata for
-the CPU's group is used.
+ CPU that is assigned to some specific group, then the schemata for the
+ CPU's group is used.

3) Otherwise the schemata for the default group is used.

+Resource monitoring rules
+-------------------------
+1) If a task is a member of a MON group, or non-default CTRL_MON group
+ then RDT events for the task will be reported in that group.
+
+2) If a task is a member of the default CTRL_MON group, but is running
+ on a CPU that is assigned to some specific group, then the RDT events
+ for the task will be reported in that group.
+
+3) Otherwise RDT events for the task will be reported in the root level
+ "mon_data" group.
+
+
+Notes on cache occupancy monitoring and control
+-----------------------------------------------
+When moving a task from one group to another you should remember that
+this only affects *new* cache allocations by the task. E.g. you may have
+a task in a monitor group showing 3 MB of cache occupancy. If you move
+to a new group and immediately check the occupancy of the old and new
+groups you will likely see that the old group is still showing 3 MB and
+the new group zero. When the task accesses locations still in cache from
+before the move, the h/w does not update any counters. On a busy system
+you will likely see the occupancy in the old group go down as cache lines
+are evicted and re-used while the occupancy in the new group rises as
+the task accesses memory and loads into the cache are counted based on
+membership in the new group.
+
+The same applies to cache allocation control. Moving a task to a group
+with a smaller cache partition will not evict any cache lines. The
+process may continue to use them from the old partition.
+
+Hardware uses CLOSid(Class of service ID) and an RMID(Resource monitoring ID)
+to identify a control group and a monitoring group respectively. Each of
+the resource groups are mapped to these IDs based on the kind of group. The
+number of CLOSid and RMID are limited by the hardware and hence the creation of
+a "CTRL_MON" directory may fail if we run out of either CLOSID or RMID
+and creation of "MON" group may fail if we run out of RMIDs.
+
+max_threshold_occupancy - generic concepts
+------------------------------------------
+
+Note that an RMID once freed may not be immediately available for use as
+the RMID is still tagged the cache lines of the previous user of RMID.
+Hence such RMIDs are placed on limbo list and checked back if the cache
+occupancy has gone down. If there is a time when system has a lot of
+limbo RMIDs but which are not ready to be used, user may see an -EBUSY
+during mkdir.
+
+max_threshold_occupancy is a user configurable value to determine the
+occupancy at which an RMID can be freed.

Schemata files - general concepts
---------------------------------
@@ -143,22 +260,22 @@ SKUs. Using a high bandwidth and a low bandwidth setting on two threads
sharing a core will result in both threads being throttled to use the
low bandwidth.

-L3 details (code and data prioritization disabled)
---------------------------------------------------
+L3 schemata file details (code and data prioritization disabled)
+----------------------------------------------------------------
With CDP disabled the L3 schemata format is:

L3:<cache_id0>=<cbm>;<cache_id1>=<cbm>;...

-L3 details (CDP enabled via mount option to resctrl)
-----------------------------------------------------
+L3 schemata file details (CDP enabled via mount option to resctrl)
+------------------------------------------------------------------
When CDP is enabled L3 control is split into two separate resources
so you can specify independent masks for code and data like this:

L3data:<cache_id0>=<cbm>;<cache_id1>=<cbm>;...
L3code:<cache_id0>=<cbm>;<cache_id1>=<cbm>;...

-L2 details
-----------
+L2 schemata file details
+------------------------
L2 cache does not support code and data prioritization, so the
schemata format is always:

@@ -185,6 +302,8 @@ L3CODE:0=fffff;1=fffff;2=fffff;3=fffff
L3DATA:0=fffff;1=fffff;2=3c0;3=fffff
L3CODE:0=fffff;1=fffff;2=fffff;3=fffff

+Examples for RDT allocation usage:
+
Example 1
---------
On a two socket machine (one L3 cache per socket) with just four bits
@@ -410,3 +529,124 @@ void main(void)
/* code to read and write directory contents */
resctrl_release_lock(fd);
}
+
+Examples for RDT Monitoring along with allocation usage:
+
+Reading monitored data
+----------------------
+Reading an event file (for ex: mon_data/mon_L3_00/llc_occupancy) would
+show the current snapshot of LLC occupancy of the corresponding MON
+group or CTRL_MON group.
+
+
+Example 1 (Monitor CTRL_MON group and subset of tasks in CTRL_MON group)
+---------
+On a two socket machine (one L3 cache per socket) with just four bits
+for cache bit masks
+
+# mount -t resctrl resctrl /sys/fs/resctrl
+# cd /sys/fs/resctrl
+# mkdir p0 p1
+# echo "L3:0=3;1=c" > /sys/fs/resctrl/p0/schemata
+# echo "L3:0=3;1=3" > /sys/fs/resctrl/p1/schemata
+# echo 5678 > p1/tasks
+# echo 5679 > p1/tasks
+
+The default resource group is unmodified, so we have access to all parts
+of all caches (its schemata file reads "L3:0=f;1=f").
+
+Tasks that are under the control of group "p0" may only allocate from the
+"lower" 50% on cache ID 0, and the "upper" 50% of cache ID 1.
+Tasks in group "p1" use the "lower" 50% of cache on both sockets.
+
+Create monitor groups and assign a subset of tasks to each monitor group.
+
+# cd /sys/fs/resctrl/p1/mon_groups
+# mkdir m11 m12
+# echo 5678 > m11/tasks
+# echo 5679 > m12/tasks
+
+fetch data (data shown in bytes)
+
+# cat m11/mon_data/mon_L3_00/llc_occupancy
+16234000
+# cat m11/mon_data/mon_L3_01/llc_occupancy
+14789000
+# cat m12/mon_data/mon_L3_00/llc_occupancy
+16789000
+
+The parent ctrl_mon group shows the aggregated data.
+
+# cat /sys/fs/resctrl/p1/mon_data/mon_l3_00/llc_occupancy
+31234000
+
+Example 2 (Monitor a task from its creation)
+---------
+On a two socket machine (one L3 cache per socket)
+
+# mount -t resctrl resctrl /sys/fs/resctrl
+# cd /sys/fs/resctrl
+# mkdir p0 p1
+
+An RMID is allocated to the group once its created and hence the <cmd>
+below is monitored from its creation.
+
+# echo $$ > /sys/fs/resctrl/p1/tasks
+# <cmd>
+
+Fetch the data
+
+# cat /sys/fs/resctrl/p1/mon_data/mon_l3_00/llc_occupancy
+31789000
+
+Example 3 (Monitor without CAT support or before creating CAT groups)
+---------
+
+Assume a system like HSW has only CQM and no CAT support. In this case
+the resctrl will still mount but cannot create CTRL_MON directories.
+But user can create different MON groups within the root group thereby
+able to monitor all tasks including kernel threads.
+
+This can also be used to profile jobs cache size footprint before being
+able to allocate them to different allocation groups.
+
+# mount -t resctrl resctrl /sys/fs/resctrl
+# cd /sys/fs/resctrl
+# mkdir mon_groups/m01
+# mkdir mon_groups/m02
+
+# echo 3478 > /sys/fs/resctrl/mon_groups/m01/tasks
+# echo 2467 > /sys/fs/resctrl/mon_groups/m02/tasks
+
+Monitor the groups separately and also get per domain data. From the
+below its apparent that the tasks are mostly doing work on
+domain(socket) 0.
+
+# cat /sys/fs/resctrl/mon_groups/m01/mon_L3_00/llc_occupancy
+31234000
+# cat /sys/fs/resctrl/mon_groups/m01/mon_L3_01/llc_occupancy
+34555
+# cat /sys/fs/resctrl/mon_groups/m02/mon_L3_00/llc_occupancy
+31234000
+# cat /sys/fs/resctrl/mon_groups/m02/mon_L3_01/llc_occupancy
+32789
+
+
+Example 4 (Monitor real time tasks)
+-----------------------------------
+
+A single socket system which has real time tasks running on cores 4-7
+and non real time tasks on other cpus. We want to monitor the cache
+occupancy of the real time threads on these cores.
+
+# mount -t resctrl resctrl /sys/fs/resctrl
+# cd /sys/fs/resctrl
+# mkdir p1
+
+Move the cpus 4-7 over to p1
+# echo f0 > p0/cpus
+
+View the llc occupancy snapshot
+
+# cat /sys/fs/resctrl/p1/mon_data/mon_L3_00/llc_occupancy
+11234000
--
1.9.1
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2017-07-25 23:17    [W:0.254 / U:10.064 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site