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Subject[PATCH v2 1/2] ASoC: fsl_ssi: only enable proper channel slots in AC'97 mode
Date
We need to make sure that only proper channel slots (in SACCST register)
are enabled at playback start time since some AC'97 CODECs (like VT1613 on
UDOO board) were observed requesting via SLOTREQ spurious ones just after
an AC'97 link is started but before the CODEC is configured by its driver.
When a bit for some channel slot is set in a SLOTREQ request then SSI sets
the relevant bit in SACCST automatically, which then 'sticks' until it is
manually unset.
The SACCST register is not writable directly, we have to use SACCDIS and
SACCEN registers to configure it instead (these aren't normal registers:
writing a '1' bit at some position in SACCEN sets the relevant bit in
SACCST; SACCDIS operates in a similar way but allows unsetting bits in
SACCST).

Theoretically, this should be necessary only for the very first playback
but since some CODECs are so untrustworthy and extra channel slots enabled
mean ruined playback let's play safe here and make sure that no extra
slots are enabled in SACCST every time a playback is started.

Signed-off-by: Maciej S. Szmigiero <mail@maciej.szmigiero.name>
---
Changes from v1: Split out this part from
"fsl_ssi: call _fsl_ssi_set_dai_fmt() just once in AC'97 mode" commit,
describe the problem and its solution better both in the commit message and
in the code, move the SACCST setup code into a separate function and call
it from TX config instead of doing it from trigger handler function.

sound/soc/fsl/fsl_ssi.c | 52 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------
1 file changed, 46 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)

diff --git a/sound/soc/fsl/fsl_ssi.c b/sound/soc/fsl/fsl_ssi.c
index 48bb850a34d9..375aaaf6080d 100644
--- a/sound/soc/fsl/fsl_ssi.c
+++ b/sound/soc/fsl/fsl_ssi.c
@@ -574,8 +574,54 @@ static void fsl_ssi_rx_config(struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private, bool enable)
fsl_ssi_config(ssi_private, enable, &ssi_private->rxtx_reg_val.rx);
}

+static void fsl_ssi_tx_ac97_saccst_setup(struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private)
+{
+ struct regmap *regs = ssi_private->regs;
+
+ /* no SACC{ST,EN,DIS} regs on imx21-class SSI */
+ if (!ssi_private->soc->imx21regs) {
+ /*
+ * Note that these below aren't just normal registers.
+ * They are a way to disable or enable bits in SACCST
+ * register:
+ * - writing a '1' bit at some position in SACCEN sets the
+ * relevant bit in SACCST,
+ * - writing a '1' bit at some position in SACCDIS unsets
+ * the relevant bit in SACCST register.
+ *
+ * The two writes below first disable all channels slots,
+ * then enable just slots 3 & 4 ("PCM Playback Left Channel"
+ * and "PCM Playback Right Channel").
+ */
+ regmap_write(regs, CCSR_SSI_SACCDIS, 0xff);
+ regmap_write(regs, CCSR_SSI_SACCEN, 0x300);
+ }
+}
+
static void fsl_ssi_tx_config(struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private, bool enable)
{
+ /*
+ * Why are we setting up SACCST everytime we are starting a
+ * playback?
+ * Some CODECs (like VT1613 CODEC on UDOO board) like to
+ * (sometimes) set extra bits in their SLOTREQ requests.
+ * When a bit is set in a SLOTREQ request then SSI sets the
+ * relevant bit in SACCST automatically (it is enough if a bit was
+ * set in a SLOTREQ just once, bits in SACCST are 'sticky').
+ * If an extra slot gets enabled that's a disaster for playback
+ * because some of normal left or right channel samples are
+ * redirected instead to this extra slot.
+ *
+ * A workaround implemented in fsl-asoc-card of setting an
+ * appropriate CODEC register so that slots 3 & 4 (the normal
+ * stereo playback slots) are used for S/PDIF seems to mostly fix
+ * this issue on the UDOO board but since this CODEC is so
+ * untrustworthy let's play safe here and make sure that no extra
+ * slots are enabled every time a playback is started.
+ */
+ if (enable && fsl_ssi_is_ac97(ssi_private))
+ fsl_ssi_tx_ac97_saccst_setup(ssi_private);
+
fsl_ssi_config(ssi_private, enable, &ssi_private->rxtx_reg_val.tx);
}

@@ -630,12 +676,6 @@ static void fsl_ssi_setup_ac97(struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private)
regmap_write(regs, CCSR_SSI_SACNT,
CCSR_SSI_SACNT_AC97EN | CCSR_SSI_SACNT_FV);

- /* no SACC{ST,EN,DIS} regs on imx21-class SSI */
- if (!ssi_private->soc->imx21regs) {
- regmap_write(regs, CCSR_SSI_SACCDIS, 0xff);
- regmap_write(regs, CCSR_SSI_SACCEN, 0x300);
- }
-
/*
* Enable SSI, Transmit and Receive. AC97 has to communicate with the
* codec before a stream is started.
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