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Subject[PATCH 0/8] Fix crashdump failure caused by legacy DMA/IO
The following series implements a fix for:
A kdump problem about DMA that has been discussed for a long time.
That is, when a kernel panics and boots into the kdump kernel, DMA that was
started by the panicked kernel is not stopped before the kdump kernel is booted;
and the kdump kernel disables the IOMMU while this DMA continues.
This causes the IOMMU to stop translating the DMA addresses as IOVAs and
begin to treat them as physical memory addresses -- which causes the DMA to either:
1. generate DMAR errors or
2. generate PCI SERR errors or
3. transfer data to or from incorrect areas of memory.
Often this causes the dump to fail.

This patch set modifies the behavior of the Intel iommu in the crashdump kernel:
1. to accept the iommu hardware in an active state,
2. to leave the current translations in-place so that legacy DMA will continue
using its current buffers until the device drivers in the crashdump kernel
initialize and initialize their devices,
3. to use different portions of the iova address ranges for the device drivers
in the crashdump kernel than the iova ranges that were in-use at the time
of the panic.

Advantages of this approach:
1. All manipulation of the IO-device is done by the Linux device-driver
for that device.
2. This approach behaves in a manner very similar to operation without an
active iommu.
3. Any activity between the IO-device and its RMRR areas is handled by the
device-driver in the same manner as during a non-kdump boot.
4. If an IO-device has no driver in the kdump kernel, it is simply left alone.
This supports the practice of creating a special kdump kernel without
drivers for any devices that are not required for taking a crashdump.
5. Minimal code-changes among the existing mainline intel-iommu code.

Summary of changes in this patch set since the previous posting:
1. Returned to the structure of a patch-set
2. Enabled the intel-iommu driver to consist of multiple *.c files
by moving many of the #defines, prototypes, and inline functions
into a new file: intel-iommu-private.h (First three patches implement
only this enhancement -- could be applied independent of the last 5)
3. Moved the new "crashdump fix" code into a new file: intel-iommu-kdump.c
4. Removed the pr_debug constructs from the new code that implements the
"crashdump fix" -- making the code much cleaner and easier to read.
5. Miscellaneous cleanups such as enum-values for return-codes.
6. Simplified the code that retrieves the values needed to initialize a new
domain by using the linked-list of previously-collected values
instead of stepping back into the tree of translation tables.

Bill Sumner (8):
Fix a few existing lines that will complain about
later. #86: FILE: drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c:390: +static
int force_on = 0;
Consolidate all .h lines at front of intel-iommu.c file In
intel-iommu.c, move downward the few lines near the front that
should not move to an intel-iommu-private.h file (mostly
data-item definitions) This leaves a consolidated block of the
lines that would move to an intel-iommu-private.h file at the
front of the file.
Create intel-iommu-private.h Move the single block of #define,
static inline ... ; struct definitions to intel-iommu-private.h
from intel-iommu.c Replace them with #include
Update iommu_attach_domain() and its callers Allow specification
of domain-id for the new domain.
Add new definitions & prototypes to intel-iommu-private.h Items
needed for fixing crashdump.
Create intel-iommu-kdump.c Populate with "Copy iommu translation
tables" function set. Edit Makefile to add intel-iommu-kdump.o
Add domain-id functions to intel-iommu-kdump.c
Add remaining changes to intel-iommu.c to fix crashdump Add
"#include <linux/crash_dump.h>" Chg device_to_domain_id Chg
get_domain_for_dev Chg init_dmars Chg intel_iommu_init

drivers/iommu/Makefile | 2 +-
drivers/iommu/intel-iommu-kdump.c | 629 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/iommu/intel-iommu-private.h | 443 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 565 ++++++++++----------------------
4 files changed, 1249 insertions(+), 390 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/intel-iommu-kdump.c
create mode 100644 drivers/iommu/intel-iommu-private.h

Bill Sumner <>

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