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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 1/3] cpufreq: ondemand: Change the calculation of target frequency
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Hi Rafael,

I will try to provide the requested info (although, I'm not sure how to measure total energy :) )

Thanks,
Stratos

"Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> wrote:

>On Wednesday, June 05, 2013 08:13:26 PM Stratos Karafotis wrote:
>> Hi Borislav,
>>
>> On 06/05/2013 07:17 PM, Borislav Petkov wrote:
>> > On Wed, Jun 05, 2013 at 07:01:25PM +0300, Stratos Karafotis wrote:
>> >> Ondemand calculates load in terms of frequency and increases it only
>> >> if the load_freq is greater than up_threshold multiplied by current
>> >> or average frequency. This seems to produce oscillations of frequency
>> >> between min and max because, for example, a relatively small load can
>> >> easily saturate minimum frequency and lead the CPU to max. Then, the
>> >> CPU will decrease back to min due to a small load_freq.
>> >
>> > Right, and I think this is how we want it, no?
>> >
>> > The thing is, the faster you finish your work, the faster you can become
>> > idle and save power.
>>
>> This is exactly the goal of this patch. To use more efficiently middle
>> frequencies to finish faster the work.
>>
>> > If you switch frequencies in a staircase-like manner, you're going to
>> > take longer to finish, in certain cases, and burn more power while doing
>> > so.
>>
>> This is not true with this patch. It switches to middle frequencies
>> when the load < up_threshold.
>> Now, ondemand does not increase freq. CPU runs in lowest freq till the
>> load is greater than up_threshold.
>>
>> > Btw, racing to idle is also a good example for why you want boosting:
>> > you want to go max out the core but stay within power limits so that you
>> > can finish sooner.
>> >
>> >> This patch changes the calculation method of load and target frequency
>> >> considering 2 points:
>> >> - Load computation should be independent from current or average
>> >> measured frequency. For example an absolute load 80% at 100MHz is not
>> >> necessarily equivalent to 8% at 1000MHz in the next sampling interval.
>> >> - Target frequency should be increased to any value of frequency table
>> >> proportional to absolute load, instead to only the max. Thus:
>> >>
>> >> Target frequency = C * load
>> >>
>> >> where C = policy->cpuinfo.max_freq / 100
>> >>
>> >> Tested on Intel i7-3770 CPU @ 3.40GHz and on Quad core 1500MHz Krait.
>> >> Phoronix benchmark of Linux Kernel Compilation 3.1 test shows an
>> >> increase ~1.5% in performance. cpufreq_stats (time_in_state) shows
>> >> that middle frequencies are used more, with this patch. Highest
>> >> and lowest frequencies were used less by ~9%
>
>Can you also use powertop to measure the percentage of time spent in idle
>states for the same workload with and without your patchset? Also, it would
>be good to measure the total energy consumption somehow ...
>
>Thanks,
>Rafael
>
>
>--
>I speak only for myself.
>Rafael J. Wysocki, Intel Open Source Technology Center.
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