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Subject[PATCH -V2 0/9] memcg: add HugeTLB resource tracking

This patchset implements a memory controller extension to control
HugeTLB allocations. It is similar to the existing hugetlb quota
support in that, the limit is enforced at mmap(2) time and not at
fault time. HugeTLB's quota mechanism limits the number of huge pages
that can allocated per superblock.

For shared mappings we track the regions mapped by a task along with the
memcg. We keep the memory controller charged even after the task
that did mmap(2) exits. Uncharge happens during truncate. For Private
mappings we charge and uncharge from the current task cgroup.

A sample strace output for an application doing malloc with hugectl is given
below. libhugetlbfs will fall back to normal pagesize if the HugeTLB mmap fails.

open("/mnt/libhugetlbfs.tmp.uhLMgy", O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_EXCL, 0600) = 3
unlink("/mnt/libhugetlbfs.tmp.uhLMgy") = 0


mmap(0x20000000000, 50331648, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE, 3, 0) = -1 ENOMEM (Cannot allocate memory)
write(2, "libhugetlbfs", 12libhugetlbfs) = 12
write(2, ": WARNING: New heap segment map" ....
mmap(NULL, 42008576, PROT_READ|PROT_WRITE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0) = 0xfff946c0000


1) We want to keep the semantic closer to hugelb quota support. ie, we want
to extend quota semantics to a group of tasks. Currently hugetlb quota
mechanism allows one to control number of hugetlb pages allocated per
hugetlbfs superblock.

2) Applications using hugetlbfs always fallback to normal page size allocation when they
fail to allocate huge pages. libhugetlbfs internally handles this for malloc(3). We
want to retain this behaviour when we enforce the controller limit. ie, when huge page
allocation fails due to controller limit, applications should fallback to
allocation using normal page size. The above implies that we need to enforce
limit at mmap(2).

3) HugeTLBfs doesn't support page reclaim. It also doesn't support write(2). Applications
use hugetlbfs via mmap(2) interface. Important point to note here is hugetlbfs
extends file size in mmap.

With shared mappings, the file size gets extended in mmap and file will remain in hugetlbfs
consuming huge pages until it is truncated. We want to make sure we keep the controller
charged until the file is truncated. This implies, that the controller will be charged
even after the task that did mmap exit.

Implementation details:

In order to achieve the above goals we need to track the cgroup information
along with mmap range in a charge list in inode for shared mapping and in
vm_area_struct for private mapping. We won't be using page to track cgroup
information because with the above goals we are not really tracking the pages used.

Since we track cgroup in charge list, if we want to remove the cgroup, we need to update
the charge list to point to the parent cgroup. Currently we take the easy route
and prevent a cgroup removal if it's non reclaim resource usage is non zero.

Changes from V1:
* Changed the implementation as a memcg extension. We still use
the same logic to track the cgroup and range.

Changes from RFC post:
* Added support for HugeTLB cgroup hierarchy
* Added support for task migration
* Added documentation patch
* Other bug fixes


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