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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] ext4: use little-endian bitops directly
On 2011-05-30, at 10:21 AM, Akinobu Mita wrote:
> 2011/5/31 Ted Ts'o <>:
>> On Mon, May 30, 2011 at 08:49:43AM -0600, Andreas Dilger wrote:
>>> On 2011-05-30, at 7:49 AM, Akinobu Mita <> wrote:
>>>> s/ext4_set_bit/__test_and_set_bit_le/
>>>> s/ext4_clear_bit/__test_and_clear_bit_le/
>>>> s/ext4_test_bit/test_bit_le/
>>>> s/ext4_find_first_zero_bit/find_first_zero_bit_le/
>>>> s/ext4_find_next_zero_bit/find_next_zero_bit_le/
>>>> s/ext4_find_next_bit/find_next_bit_le/
>>> I'm not souch in favor of making this change. One reason is the need
>>> for inconsistent test_bit_le() vs __test_and_set_bit_le()
>>> functions. I think this will make it more difficult to get the
>>> correct bit operations (I for one do not know the difference between
>>> the normal and __ versions without looking each time).
>> More to the point, what's the benefit of making this change?
> The main purpose is patch 2/2 that replaces __test_and_{set,clear}_bit_le()
> with __{set,clear}_bit_le(). But there is no ext4_*_bit() macros for
> __{set,clear}_bit_le(). So I convert to use *_bit_le() directly in this
> patch instead of introducing another ext4_*_bit() macros.
> I don't insist on removing these macros for this purpose against the
> developper's will. There is an alternative suggestion that changes
> ext4_*_bit() macros like below.
> #define ext4_test_and_set_bit __test_and_set_bit_le
> #define ext4_set_bit __set_bit_le
> #define ext4_set_bit_atomic ext2_set_bit_atomic
> #define ext4_test_and_clear_bit __test_and_clear_bit_le
> #define ext4_clear_bit __clear_bit_le
> #define ext4_clear_bit_atomic ext2_clear_bit_atomic
> #define ext4_test_bit test_bit_le
> #define ext4_find_first_zero_bit find_first_zero_bit_le
> #define ext4_find_next_zero_bit find_next_zero_bit_le
> #define ext4_find_next_bit find_next_bit_le
> By this chage, ext4_test_and_{set,clear}_bit are added and
> ext4_{set,clear}_bit are changed.

I think this second option is a far preferable solution.

Looking more closely at these operations, ext4_set_bit_atomic() is not used anywhere in the code and could be removed.

There is only one place where ext4_clear_bit_atomic() is used (ext4_add_groupblocks()), and this is likely incorrect. None of the other ext4 code is using ext4_set_bit_atomic(), and all of the ext2_clear_bit_atomic() macros are silently ignoring the "lock" argument, so these changes are done without ext4_group_lock() being held for that group. I suspect this is never a problem in normal usage because ext4_add_groupblocks() is only used during filesystem resizing, which is rare, and doubly rare for any allocations to be made in the same group concurrently.

This one usage of ext4_clear_bit_atomic() should just be moved inside the ext4_lock_group() a few lines down and then use ext4_clear_bit() for consistency, and ext4_clear_bit_atomic() can be removed entirely.

A further cleanup would be to change this whole function to use mb_clear_bits(), which is not only faster because it operates on many bits at once, but also doesn't require that the buddy bitmap be marked invalid ("NEED_INIT") after these changes are made, but that is work for a separate patch.

I would also encourage you to finish off this patch series by pushing up the generic ext2_{set,clear}_bit_atomic() to the few places that are currently using ext2_{set,clear}_bit_atomic() directly (looks like only fs/nilfs2/alloc.h and include/linux/ext3.h) and then removing them from the arch headers.

Cheers, Andreas

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