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SubjectRe: [PATCH 08/12] add trace events for each syscall entry/exit
On Mon, Aug 10, 2009 at 04:52:47PM -0400, Jason Baron wrote:
> Layer Frederic's syscall tracer on tracepoints. We create trace events via
> hooking into the SYCALL_DEFINE macros. This allows us to individually toggle
> syscall entry and exit points on/off.
>
> Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com>
>
> ---
> include/linux/syscalls.h | 61 +++++++++++++-
> include/trace/syscall.h | 18 ++--
> kernel/trace/trace_syscalls.c | 183 ++++++++++++++++++++---------------------
> 3 files changed, 159 insertions(+), 103 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/linux/syscalls.h b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> index 80de700..5e5b4d3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/syscalls.h
> +++ b/include/linux/syscalls.h
> @@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ struct perf_counter_attr;
> #include <linux/sem.h>
> #include <asm/siginfo.h>
> #include <asm/signal.h>
> +#include <linux/unistd.h>
> #include <linux/quota.h>
> #include <linux/key.h>
> #include <trace/syscall.h>
> @@ -112,6 +113,59 @@ struct perf_counter_attr;
> #define __SC_STR_TDECL5(t, a, ...) #t, __SC_STR_TDECL4(__VA_ARGS__)
> #define __SC_STR_TDECL6(t, a, ...) #t, __SC_STR_TDECL5(__VA_ARGS__)
>
> +
> +#define SYSCALL_TRACE_ENTER_EVENT(sname) \
> + static struct ftrace_event_call event_enter_##sname; \
> + static int init_enter_##sname(void) \
> + { \
> + int num; \
> + num = syscall_name_to_nr("sys"#sname); \
> + if (num < 0) \
> + return -ENOSYS; \
> + register_ftrace_event(&event_syscall_enter); \
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&event_enter_##sname.fields); \
> + init_preds(&event_enter_##sname); \
> + return 0; \
> + } \



You could rather add the struct ftrace_event_call *event as
a parameter to a generic function static int init_enter_syscall()
That would require adding this parameter in the raw_init() callback.
If I remember well, Masami does that in his kprobes events patchset.

May be we can let it as is and wait for his patchset to be integrated
to update that.


> + static struct ftrace_event_call __used \
> + __attribute__((__aligned__(4))) \
> + __attribute__((section("_ftrace_events"))) \
> + event_enter_##sname = { \
> + .name = "sys_enter"#sname, \
> + .system = "syscalls", \
> + .event = &event_syscall_enter, \
> + .raw_init = init_enter_##sname, \
> + .regfunc = reg_event_syscall_enter, \
> + .unregfunc = unreg_event_syscall_enter, \
> + .data = "sys"#sname, \
> + }
> +
> +#define SYSCALL_TRACE_EXIT_EVENT(sname) \
> + static struct ftrace_event_call event_exit_##sname; \
> + static int init_exit_##sname(void) \
> + { \
> + int num; \
> + num = syscall_name_to_nr("sys"#sname); \
> + if (num < 0) \
> + return -ENOSYS; \
> + register_ftrace_event(&event_syscall_exit); \
> + INIT_LIST_HEAD(&event_exit_##sname.fields); \
> + init_preds(&event_exit_##sname); \
> + return 0; \
> + } \
> + static struct ftrace_event_call __used \
> + __attribute__((__aligned__(4))) \
> + __attribute__((section("_ftrace_events"))) \
> + event_exit_##sname = { \
> + .name = "sys_exit"#sname, \
> + .system = "syscalls", \
> + .event = &event_syscall_exit, \
> + .raw_init = init_exit_##sname, \
> + .regfunc = reg_event_syscall_exit, \
> + .unregfunc = unreg_event_syscall_exit, \
> + .data = "sys"#sname, \
> + }
> +
> #define SYSCALL_METADATA(sname, nb) \
> static const struct syscall_metadata __used \
> __attribute__((__aligned__(4))) \
> @@ -121,7 +175,9 @@ struct perf_counter_attr;
> .nb_args = nb, \
> .types = types_##sname, \
> .args = args_##sname, \
> - }
> + }; \
> + SYSCALL_TRACE_ENTER_EVENT(sname); \
> + SYSCALL_TRACE_EXIT_EVENT(sname);
>
> #define SYSCALL_DEFINE0(sname) \
> static const struct syscall_metadata __used \
> @@ -131,8 +187,9 @@ struct perf_counter_attr;
> .name = "sys_"#sname, \
> .nb_args = 0, \
> }; \
> + SYSCALL_TRACE_ENTER_EVENT(_##sname); \
> + SYSCALL_TRACE_EXIT_EVENT(_##sname); \
> asmlinkage long sys_##sname(void)
> -
> #else
> #define SYSCALL_DEFINE0(name) asmlinkage long sys_##name(void)
> #endif
> diff --git a/include/trace/syscall.h b/include/trace/syscall.h
> index 3951d77..73fb8b4 100644
> --- a/include/trace/syscall.h
> +++ b/include/trace/syscall.h
> @@ -2,6 +2,8 @@
> #define _TRACE_SYSCALL_H
>
> #include <linux/tracepoint.h>
> +#include <linux/unistd.h>
> +#include <linux/ftrace_event.h>
>
> #include <asm/ptrace.h>
>
> @@ -40,15 +42,13 @@ struct syscall_metadata {
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_FTRACE_SYSCALLS
> extern struct syscall_metadata *syscall_nr_to_meta(int nr);
> -extern void start_ftrace_syscalls(void);
> -extern void stop_ftrace_syscalls(void);
> -extern void ftrace_syscall_enter(struct pt_regs *regs);
> -extern void ftrace_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs);
> -#else
> -static inline void start_ftrace_syscalls(void) { }
> -static inline void stop_ftrace_syscalls(void) { }
> -static inline void ftrace_syscall_enter(struct pt_regs *regs) { }
> -static inline void ftrace_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs) { }
> +extern int syscall_name_to_nr(char *name);
> +extern struct trace_event event_syscall_enter;
> +extern struct trace_event event_syscall_exit;
> +extern int reg_event_syscall_enter(void *ptr);
> +extern void unreg_event_syscall_enter(void *ptr);
> +extern int reg_event_syscall_exit(void *ptr);
> +extern void unreg_event_syscall_exit(void *ptr);
> #endif
>
> #endif /* _TRACE_SYSCALL_H */
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_syscalls.c b/kernel/trace/trace_syscalls.c
> index 08aed43..c7ae25e 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace_syscalls.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_syscalls.c
> @@ -1,15 +1,16 @@
> #include <trace/syscall.h>
> #include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/ftrace.h>
> #include <asm/syscall.h>
>
> #include "trace_output.h"
> #include "trace.h"
>
> -/* Keep a counter of the syscall tracing users */
> -static int refcount;
> -
> -/* Prevent from races on thread flags toggling */
> static DEFINE_MUTEX(syscall_trace_lock);
> +static int sys_refcount_enter;
> +static int sys_refcount_exit;
> +static DECLARE_BITMAP(enabled_enter_syscalls, FTRACE_SYSCALL_MAX);
> +static DECLARE_BITMAP(enabled_exit_syscalls, FTRACE_SYSCALL_MAX);
>
> /* Option to display the parameters types */
> enum {
> @@ -95,53 +96,7 @@ print_syscall_exit(struct trace_iterator *iter, int flags)
> return TRACE_TYPE_HANDLED;
> }
>
> -void start_ftrace_syscalls(void)
> -{
> - unsigned long flags;
> - struct task_struct *g, *t;
> -
> - mutex_lock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> -
> - /* Don't enable the flag on the tasks twice */
> - if (++refcount != 1)
> - goto unlock;
> -
> - read_lock_irqsave(&tasklist_lock, flags);
> -
> - do_each_thread(g, t) {
> - set_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SYSCALL_FTRACE);
> - } while_each_thread(g, t);
> -
> - read_unlock_irqrestore(&tasklist_lock, flags);
> -
> -unlock:
> - mutex_unlock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> -}
> -
> -void stop_ftrace_syscalls(void)
> -{
> - unsigned long flags;
> - struct task_struct *g, *t;
> -
> - mutex_lock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> -
> - /* There are perhaps still some users */
> - if (--refcount)
> - goto unlock;
> -
> - read_lock_irqsave(&tasklist_lock, flags);
> -
> - do_each_thread(g, t) {
> - clear_tsk_thread_flag(t, TIF_SYSCALL_FTRACE);
> - } while_each_thread(g, t);
> -
> - read_unlock_irqrestore(&tasklist_lock, flags);
> -
> -unlock:
> - mutex_unlock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> -}
> -
> -void ftrace_syscall_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +void ftrace_syscall_enter(struct pt_regs *regs, long id)
> {
> struct syscall_trace_enter *entry;
> struct syscall_metadata *sys_data;
> @@ -150,6 +105,8 @@ void ftrace_syscall_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
> int syscall_nr;
>
> syscall_nr = syscall_get_nr(current, regs);
> + if (!test_bit(syscall_nr, enabled_enter_syscalls))
> + return;
>
> sys_data = syscall_nr_to_meta(syscall_nr);
> if (!sys_data)
> @@ -170,7 +127,7 @@ void ftrace_syscall_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
> trace_wake_up();
> }
>
> -void ftrace_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +void ftrace_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs, long ret)
> {
> struct syscall_trace_exit *entry;
> struct syscall_metadata *sys_data;
> @@ -178,6 +135,8 @@ void ftrace_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
> int syscall_nr;
>
> syscall_nr = syscall_get_nr(current, regs);
> + if (!test_bit(syscall_nr, enabled_exit_syscalls))
> + return;
>
> sys_data = syscall_nr_to_meta(syscall_nr);
> if (!sys_data)
> @@ -196,54 +155,94 @@ void ftrace_syscall_exit(struct pt_regs *regs)
> trace_wake_up();
> }
>
> -static int init_syscall_tracer(struct trace_array *tr)
> +int reg_event_syscall_enter(void *ptr)
> {
> - start_ftrace_syscalls();
> -
> - return 0;
> + int ret = 0;
> + int num;
> + char *name;
> +
> + name = (char *)ptr;
> + num = syscall_name_to_nr(name);
> + if (num < 0 || num >= FTRACE_SYSCALL_MAX)



I wonder if we should WARN once in this case. At least we would
be aware of new yet unsupported syscalls.



> + return -ENOSYS;
> + mutex_lock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> + if (!sys_refcount_enter)
> + ret = register_trace_syscall_enter(ftrace_syscall_enter);
> + if (ret) {
> + pr_info("event trace: Could not activate"
> + "syscall entry trace point");
> + } else {
> + set_bit(num, enabled_enter_syscalls);
> + sys_refcount_enter++;
> + }
> + mutex_unlock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> + return ret;
> }
>
> -static void reset_syscall_tracer(struct trace_array *tr)
> +void unreg_event_syscall_enter(void *ptr)
> {
> - stop_ftrace_syscalls();
> - tracing_reset_online_cpus(tr);
> -}
> -
> -static struct trace_event syscall_enter_event = {
> - .type = TRACE_SYSCALL_ENTER,
> - .trace = print_syscall_enter,
> -};
> -
> -static struct trace_event syscall_exit_event = {
> - .type = TRACE_SYSCALL_EXIT,
> - .trace = print_syscall_exit,
> -};
> + int num;
> + char *name;
>
> -static struct tracer syscall_tracer __read_mostly = {
> - .name = "syscall",
> - .init = init_syscall_tracer,
> - .reset = reset_syscall_tracer,
> - .flags = &syscalls_flags,
> -};
> + name = (char *)ptr;
> + num = syscall_name_to_nr(name);
> + if (num < 0 || num >= FTRACE_SYSCALL_MAX)
> + return;
> + mutex_lock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> + sys_refcount_enter--;
> + clear_bit(num, enabled_enter_syscalls);
> + if (!sys_refcount_enter)
> + unregister_trace_syscall_enter(ftrace_syscall_enter);
> + mutex_unlock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> +}
>
> -__init int register_ftrace_syscalls(void)
> +int reg_event_syscall_exit(void *ptr)
> {
> - int ret;
> -
> - ret = register_ftrace_event(&syscall_enter_event);
> - if (!ret) {
> - printk(KERN_WARNING "event %d failed to register\n",
> - syscall_enter_event.type);
> - WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> + int ret = 0;
> + int num;
> + char *name;
> +
> + name = (char *)ptr;
> + num = syscall_name_to_nr(name);
> + if (num < 0 || num >= FTRACE_SYSCALL_MAX)
> + return -ENOSYS;
> + mutex_lock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> + if (!sys_refcount_exit)
> + ret = register_trace_syscall_exit(ftrace_syscall_exit);
> + if (ret) {
> + pr_info("event trace: Could not activate"
> + "syscall exit trace point");
> + } else {
> + set_bit(num, enabled_exit_syscalls);
> + sys_refcount_exit++;
> }
> + mutex_unlock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
>
> - ret = register_ftrace_event(&syscall_exit_event);
> - if (!ret) {
> - printk(KERN_WARNING "event %d failed to register\n",
> - syscall_exit_event.type);
> - WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
> - }
> +void unreg_event_syscall_exit(void *ptr)
> +{
> + int num;
> + char *name;
>
> - return register_tracer(&syscall_tracer);
> + name = (char *)ptr;
> + num = syscall_name_to_nr(name);
> + if (num < 0 || num >= FTRACE_SYSCALL_MAX)
> + return;
> + mutex_lock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> + sys_refcount_exit--;
> + clear_bit(num, enabled_exit_syscalls);
> + if (!sys_refcount_exit)
> + unregister_trace_syscall_exit(ftrace_syscall_exit);
> + mutex_unlock(&syscall_trace_lock);
> }
> -device_initcall(register_ftrace_syscalls);
> +
> +struct trace_event event_syscall_enter = {
> + .trace = print_syscall_enter,
> + .type = TRACE_SYSCALL_ENTER
> +};
> +
> +struct trace_event event_syscall_exit = {
> + .trace = print_syscall_exit,
> + .type = TRACE_SYSCALL_EXIT
> +};
> --
> 1.6.2.5
>

Nice.

It's a bit too bad that enter and exit must be that separated
whereas their callbacks are pretty the same.

But I guess if we want to nicely decouple both, we don't have the choice.



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