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SubjectRe: [RFC][v7][PATCH 0/9] Implement clone2() system call


Sukadev Bhattiprolu wrote:
> Oren Laadan [orenl@librato.com] wrote:
> |
> |
> | Sukadev Bhattiprolu wrote:
> | > === NEW CLONE() SYSTEM CALL:
> | >
> | > To support application checkpoint/restart, a task must have the same pid it
> | > had when it was checkpointed. When containers are nested, the tasks within
> | > the containers exist in multiple pid namespaces and hence have multiple pids
> | > to specify during restart.
> | >
> | > This patchset implements a new system call, clone2() that lets a process
> | > specify the pids of the child process.
> | >
> | > Patches 1 through 6 are helper patches, needed for choosing a pid for the
> | > child process.
> | >
> | > Patch 8 defines a prototype of the new system call. Patch 9 adds some
> | > documentation on the new system call, some/all of which will eventually
> | > go into a man page.
> | >
> |
> | [...]
> |
> | >
> | > Based on these requirements and constraints, we explored a couple of system
> | > call interfaces (in earlier versions of this patchset) and currently define
> | > the system call as:
> | >
> | > struct clone_struct {
> | > u64 flags;
> | > u64 child_stack;
> | > u32 nr_pids;
> | > u32 parent_tid;
> | > u32 child_tid;
> |
> | So @parent_tid and @child_tid are pointers to userspace memory and
> | require 'u64' (and it won't hurt to make @reserved1 a 'u64' as well).
>
> Well, if we make parent_tid and child_tid u64, we could move reserved1
> after ->nr_pids and leave it as a 32-bit value.

Sure. In any case, won't hurt to leave large reserved space -
someone may be thankful for it in the future ;)

>
> |
> | > u32 reserved1;
> | > u64 reserved2;
> | > };
> | >
> |
> | Also, for forward/backward compatibility, explicitly state in the
> | documentation, and enforce in the kernel, that flags which are not
> | defined must not be set, and that reserved{1,2} must remain 0.
>
> Agree with checking for reserved1 and reserved2.
>
> We currently don't check for invalid clone_flags - we just ignore them.
> Adding checks like
>
> if (fls(kcs.flags) > fls(CLONE_LAST_FLAG))
>
> would assume we always use bits in order (while it seems to make sense, to
> use them in order, we don't seem to have done so in the past).
>
> Alternatively we could define a CLONE_FLAG_MASK of valid flags and update
> the mask when each new clone flag is added.
>
> But do we really need to check for invalid flags ?

I'd go for a a mask.

The idea is that we want to educate userspace to _not_ use unused
flags now. For if userspace sets an unused flag now and we let it
be, the application will break when we give meaning to that flag.

Oren.



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