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    Subject[PATCH] x86/paravirt: revert exports to restore old behaviour
    Subdividing the paravirt_ops structure caused a regression in certain
    non-GPL modules which try to use mmu_ops and cpu_ops. This restores
    the old behaviour, and makes it consistent with the
    non-CONFIG_PARAVIRT case.

    Tobias Powalowski <> reports:
    > commit to .24 tree:
    > introduces:
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_mmu_ops);
    > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(pv_cpu_ops);
    > pv_cpu_ops is for nvidia
    > pv_mmu_ops' is for amd(ati)
    > which will break 32bit systems with paravirt enabled and trying to compile
    > the binary graphic drivers from amd(ati) and nvidia.

    Takashi Iwai <> adds:
    > I took at this problem (as I have an nvidia card on one of my
    > workstations), and found out that the following suffer from
    > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL changes:
    > * local_disable_irq(), local_irq_save*(), etc.
    > * MSR-related macros like rdmsr(), wrmsr(), read_cr0(), etc.
    > wbinvd(), too.
    > * pmd_val(), pgd_val(), etc are all involved with pv_mm_ops.
    > pmd_large() and pmd_bad() is also indirectly involved.
    > __flush_tlb() and friends suffer, too.

    Christoph Hellwig objects to this patch on the grounds that modules
    shouldn't be using these operations anyway. I don't think this is a
    particularly good reason to reject the patch, for several reasons:

    1. These operations are still available to modules when not using
    CONFIG_PARAVIRT, since they are implicitly exported as inline
    functions via the kernel headers. Exporting the same functionality as
    GPL-only symbols just adds a gratuitious difference between
    CONFIG_PARAVIRT and non-CONFIG_PARAVIRT configurations. If we really
    think these operations are not for module use (or non-GPL module use),
    then we should solve the problem in a general way.

    2. It's a regression from previous kernels, which would work these
    modules even with CONFIG_PARAVIRT enabled.

    3. The operations in question seem pretty reasonable for modules to
    use. The control registers/MSRs can be accessed directly anyway, so there's
    no benefit in preventing modules from using standard interfaces. And it seems
    reasonable to allow a graphics driver to create its own mappings if it wants.

    Therefore, I think this patch should go in for 2.6.24. If people
    really think that these operations should not be available to modules,
    then we can address that separately.

    Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <>
    Cc: Tobias Powalowski <>
    Cc: Christoph Hellwig <>
    Cc: Takashi Iwai <>
    Cc: Zachary Amsden <>

    arch/x86/kernel/paravirt_32.c | 4 ++--
    1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

    diff -r 0328c71b880c arch/x86/kernel/paravirt_32.c
    --- a/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt_32.c Tue Nov 27 11:21:09 2007 -0800
    +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/paravirt_32.c Tue Nov 27 11:21:16 2007 -0800
    @@ -465,8 +465,8 @@ struct pv_mmu_ops pv_mmu_ops = {

    +EXPORT_SYMBOL (pv_cpu_ops);
    +EXPORT_SYMBOL (pv_mmu_ops);
    EXPORT_SYMBOL (pv_irq_ops);
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      Last update: 2007-11-27 23:59    [W:0.023 / U:8.476 seconds]
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