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SubjectRe: FS: hardlinks on directories
On Tue, 5 Aug 2003, Stephan von Krawczynski wrote:

> On Tue, 5 Aug 2003 09:36:37 -0400 (EDT)
> "Richard B. Johnson" <> wrote:
> > A hard-link is, by definition, indistinguishable from the original
> > entry. In fact, with fast machines and the course granularity of
> > file-system times, even the creation time may be exactly the
> > same.
> Hello Richard,
> I really don't mind if you call the thing I am looking for a hardlink or a
> chicken. And I am really not sticking to creating them by ln or mount or just
> about anything else. I am, too, not bound to making them permanent on the
> media. All I really want to do is to _export_ them via nfs.
> And guys, looking at mount -bind makes me think someone else (before poor me)
> needed just about the same thing.
> So, instead of constantly feeding my bad conscience, can some kind soul explain
> the possibilities to make "mount -bind/rbind" work over a network fs of some
> flavor, please?
> Regards,
> Stephan
> PS: if you ever want to find out what *nix people are carrying guns, just enter
> the room and cry out loud "directory hardlinks to the left!"
> ;-)

But symlinks work over NFS. You just have to make sure they are
relative to whatever the remote mount-point is:

Script started on Tue Aug 5 10:38:55 2003
# mount boneserver:/tmp /mnt
# df
Filesystem 1k-blocks Used Available Use% Mounted on
/dev/sdb1 16603376 6560676 9199292 42% /
/dev/sdc1 6356624 1217040 4816680 20% /alt
/dev/sdc3 2253284 1796788 342036 84% /home/users
/dev/sda1 1048272 280960 767312 27% /dos/drive_C
/dev/sda5 1046224 181280 864944 17% /dos/drive_D
boneserver:/tmp 3881192 2385676 1294706 65% /mnt
# cd /mnt
# ls
# mkdir foo
# ls
# ln -s foo bar
# ls
bar foo
# cd bar
# pwd
# mkdir xxx
# ln -s xxx ../zzz
# cd ..
# ls
bar foo zzz
# file zzz
zzz: broken symbolic link to xxx
# rm zzz
# cd bar
# ls
# file xxx
xxx: directory
# pwd
# ln -s /mnt/bar/xxx ../zzz
# cd ..
# ls
bar foo zzz
# file zzz
zzz: symbolic link to /mnt/bar/xxx
# ls zzz
# home
# umount /mnt
# exit
Script done on Tue Aug 5 10:41:41 2003

As you an clearly see, the symlink to the directories worked
fine. You don't need a hard-link at all. I deliberately created
a broken link, deleted it, then made another that works.
Everything I did locally could have been done remotely on
the server who's /tmp directory I mounted R/W. All you
need to do to make such working links is to use the
same mount-point name on each of you clients. That way,
a sim-link will work the same for everybody.

Dick Johnson
Penguin : Linux version 2.4.20 on an i686 machine (797.90 BogoMips).
Note 96.31% of all statistics are fiction.

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